Advances in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans

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Author: Victor Raizer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 149876777X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 3509

This book demonstrates the capabilities of passive microwave technique for enhanced observations of ocean features, including the detection of (sub)surface events and/or disturbances while laying out the benefits and boundaries of these methods. It represents not only an introduction and complete description of the main principles of ocean microwave radiometry and imagery, but also provides guidance for further experimental studies. Furthermore, it expands the analysis of remote sensing methods, models, and techniques and focuses on a high-resolution multiband imaging observation concept. Such an advanced approach provides readers with a new level of geophysical information and data acquisition granting the opportunity to improve their expertise on advanced microwave technology, now an indispensable tool for diagnostics of ocean phenomena and disturbances.

Advances in Land Remote Sensing

System, Modeling, Inversion and Application

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Author: Shunlin Liang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402064500

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 497

View: 831

It collects the review papers of the 9th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing (ISPMSRS). It systematically summarizes the past achievements and identifies the frontier issues as the research agenda for the near future. It covers all aspects of land remote sensing, from sensor systems, physical modeling, inversion algorithms, to various applications.

Remote Sensing of atmospheres and Oceans

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Author: Adarsh Deepak

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323143857

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 1983

Remote Sensing of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the technical proceedings of a workshop on the interpretation of remotely sensed data, held in Williamsburg, Virginia in May 1979. The main topic of the workshop is the interpretation and assessment of measurements acquired in remote sounding of different atmospheric and ocean parameters. The book contains 25 papers that cover the following topics: remote sounding of atmospheric temperature; trace gases; precipitation and aerosols; sea surface temperature; ocean color; and winds. These papers are grouped into eight parts under major topics such as inversion methods, aerosol sounding, remote sounding, gaseous constituent retrievals, and interpretation of results from space. The text is a valuable source of information to students and professionals in the fields of atmospheric physics, applied science, meteorology, and engineering.

Recent Progress in Atmospheric Sciences

Applications to the Asia-Pacific Region

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Author: Kuo-Nan Liou,Ming-Dah Chou

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812818901

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 7350

This book contains 22 peer-reviewed articles that cover a spectrum of contemporary subjects relevant to atmospheric sciences, with specific applications to the Asia-Pacific region. The majority of these papers consist of a review of a scientific sub-field in atmospheric sciences, while some contain original contributions. All of the accepted papers were subject to scientific reviews and revisions.The book is divided into 2 traditional fields in atmospheric sciences: atmospheric dynamics and meteorology; and atmospheric physics and chemistry. The authors of these papers are distinguished alumni of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the National Taiwan University, residing in the USA and Taiwan. This book is dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences that occurred in 2004.Papers in atmospheric dynamics and meteorology cover the following subjects: El Ni¤o/Southern Oscillation, air/sea interactions, convection in the tropics, meiyu frontal systems, tropical cyclones/typhoons, data assimilations, and mesoscale modeling. In atmospheric physics and chemistry, subjects range from aerosols/clouds interactions, heat budgets in the context of air/sea interactions, atmospheric radiative transfer, remote sensing of the oceans, Asian dust outbreaks and clouds, reviews of cloud microphysics and urban ozone formations, to a satellite GPS system for typhoon studies and weather predictions.

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Of Land - Atmosphere Interactions

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Author: Bhaskar J. Choudhury,P. Pampaloni

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067641883

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 728

Recent advances in theory and observations using passive microwave remote sensing have hightlighted the potential of spaceborne sensors for contributing to the required land surface measurements of soils, vegetation, snow cover and precipitation. Furthermore, the spatial resolution of passive microwave observations matches the special scales of large-scale models of land-atmosphere interactions both for data assimilation and validation. In order to stimulate and focus this research a workshop, sponsored by ESA and NASA, was organized to review the state-of-the-art in microwave radiometry related to land applications and to exchange ideas leading into new directions for future research. This volume contains the refereed papers from the aforementioned ESA/NASA workshop, which are arranged by topic, as well as the (edited) working group reports.

Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of The Environment

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Author: Domenico Solimini

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067641890

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 550

View: 8322

This volume contains a collection of refereed papers which were presented at the Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, 14--17 February 1994, Rome, Italy. The last decade has marked a period of steady advancement and new developments in the observation of the terrestrial environment by passive microwave sensors. Both ground-based and satellite-borne systems have improved their accuracy, stability and spatial resolution and are providing a wealth of quantitative data, which are increasingly being employed in application-oriented projects. The contributions in this volume cover different fields of applications of microwave radiometry, the various observation and retrieval techniques and the recent technological developments. The articles are divided into four sections: measurement of atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid, measurement of rain, observation of the surface, and new radiometric systems.

Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Earth's Surface and Atmosphere

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Author: Paulo Pampaloni,S. Paloscia

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067643184

Category: Science

Page: 549

View: 363

This book contains a selection of refereed papers presented at the 6 Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment held in Florence, Italy on March 15-18, 1999. Over the last two decades, passive microwave remote sensing has made considerable progress, and has achieved significant results in the study of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Many years of observations with ground-based and satellite-borne sensors have made an important contribution to improving our knowledge of many geophysical processes of the Earth's environment and of global changes. The evolution in microwave radiometers aboard satellites has increased steadily over recent years. At the same time, many investigations have been carried out both to improve the algorithms for the retrieval of geophysical parameters and to develop new technologies. The book is divided into four main sections: three of these are devoted to the observation of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, and the fourth, to future missions and new technologies. The first section deals with the study of sea and land surfaces, and reports recent advances in remote sensing of ocean wind, sea ice, soil moisture and vegetation biomass, including electromagnetic modelling and the assimilation of radiometric data in models of land surface processes. The following two sections are devoted to the measurement of atmospheric quantities which are of fundamental importance in climatology and meteorology, and, since they influence radio-wave propagation, they also impact on several other fields, including geodesy, navigational satellite and radioastronomy. The last section presents an overview of new technologies and plans for future missions.

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans

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Author: Igor V. Cherny,Victor Yu Raizer

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited

ISBN: 9780471971702

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 7694

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans Igor V. Cherny and Victor Yu. Raizer In Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans, the detailed results of more than 20 years of experimental and theoretical investigations in the field of ocean remote sensing, utilising microwave radiometric techniques and multi-frequency aerospace instruments, are presented. Experimental results presented in this book to some extent contradict the traditional view that microwave radiometry and, in particular, millimetre-wave frequencies are not useful for remote sensing of oceans. The authors show that studies of the ocean and atmosphere as a coupled system, and of processes occurring at the ocean surface and in deep water, can be reliably evolved using compact passive radiometric sensors. They further demonstrate that for studies of global, large-scale and local processes in the ocean-atmosphere system, only the combination of microwave and optical techniques will reveal the spatial structure and dynamics of the ocean surface at scales from centimetres to several hundred metres. The text first introduces ocean surface phenomena, discussing the ocean-atmosphere interface, the classification of surface waves, the generation and statistics of wind waves, and wave-breaking and foaming processes. The microwave emission characteristics of the ocean surface are then described, and the influence of wind waves, bubble-foam-spray coverage, oil spills and sea ice are discussed. The instruments and methods used for passive microwave remote sensing of the oceans from both aircraft and from satellites are reviewed. Microwave observations of processes in the ocean-atmosphere system are then described in detail, incorporating a new approach for microwave diagnostics of deep-ocean processes. Examples presented include the Rossby soliton, frontal zone in the Kurosio region, influence of brief showers on the subsurface layer, and interaction of tropical cyclones with the ocean during their origin and subsequent trajectories over the ocean surface. Readership: Undergraduate and postgraduate students studying remote sensing, marine science, oceanography, geography, geophysics, meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics and environmental science. Professional oceanographers and those interested in oceanographic remote sensing processes and their applications, marine scientists and engineers, environmental scientists, and those studying the ocean-atmosphere system.

Breaking Ocean Waves

Geometry, Structure and Remote Sensing

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Author: Eugene A. Sharkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540298282

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 9384

Eugene Sharkov, of the Space Research Institute in Moscow, has here put together the most comprehensive description of the physical findings of an investigation into the spatio-temporal characteristics of the gravity of breaking waves. He’s also described the foam activity in the open sea using methods and instruments of optical and microwave remote sensing. Numerous practical applications and illustrations are provided from air-borne, ship-borne and laboratory up-to-date experiments.

Towards an Interdisciplinary Approach in Earth System Science

Advances of a Helmholtz Graduate Research School

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Author: Gerrit Lohmann,Helge Meggers,Vikram Unnithan,Dieter Wolf-Gladrow,Justus Notholt,Astrid Bracher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319138650

Category: Science

Page: 251

View: 4672

This book describes the latest advances at the Helmholtz “Earth System Science Research School” where scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven, the University of Bremen, and the Jacobs University are involved in research. One of the greatest challenges is understanding ongoing environmental changes. The longer the time scale the more components of the Earth system are involved, e.g. interannual and decadal variations are related to the coupled atmosphere-ocean-sea ice system, whereas longer variations like glacial-interglacial or Cenozoic transitions involve the carbon cycle, ice sheets and gateways. In order to get deep insights into Earth system science, observations, remote sensing, past environmental data, as well as modeling need to be integrated. These different approaches are traditionally taught in separated disciplines at bachelor and master levels. It is, therefore, necessary to bring these disciplines together in PhD programs.

Satellite Remote Sensing of Polar Regions

Applications, Limitations and Data Availability

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Author: Robert A. Massom

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Remote sensing

Page: 307

View: 4211

Outlines the evolution of satellite-borne remote sensing of polar regions, evaluates satellites currently in operation, and considers future developments.

Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing Applications

Proceedings of the Specialist Meeting Held in Florence, Italy, 9-11 March, 1988

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Author: P. Pampaloni

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067641081

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 4997

This book contains papers by well renowned scientists from all over world --- including Eastern Europe --- which were presented during a specialist meeting on microwave radiometry and its applications to remote sensing of the atmosphere and the surface of the earth held in Florence, Italy, in March 1988. The book is divided into five sections, some of which contain review papers which summarize the most recent advances in the field. The sections are: -- Microwave radiometry of the earth's surface -- Dielectric properties of natural materials -- Microwave radiometry of the atmosphere -- Synergism of passive and active microwave remote sensors -- Technology of passive microwave systems

An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing

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Author: Seelye Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521802802

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 6117

Originally published in 2004, An Introduction to Ocean Remote Sensing describes the use of satellite data in the retrieval of oceanic physical and biological properties. It gives examples of the kinds of data that can be acquired and describes their oceanographic application. It also describes national and international programs in satellite oceanography. The book covers radiative transfer, ocean surface properties, satellite orbits, instruments and methods, visible remote sensing of biological properties, infrared sea surface temperature retrieval, passive microwave measurements, scatterometer wind retrieval, altimetry and SAR. Newer techniques, such as polarimetric passive microwave radiometers and SARs, interferometric radar altimetry and sea surface salinity retrieval are also discussed. This textbook is designed for graduate and senior undergraduate courses in satellite oceanography, and will prepare students and interested scientists to use satellite data in oceanographic research.

Understanding the Oceans

A Century of Ocean Exploration

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Author: Dr Margaret Deacon,Margaret Deacon,Tony Rice,Colin Summerhayes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134574029

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7361

Understanding the Oceans brings together an internationally distinguished group of authors to explore the enormous advances in marine science made since the voyage of HMS Challenger a century ago. The book draws inspiration from the seminal contributions stemming from that voyage, and individual chapters show how succeeding generations of scientists have been influenced by its findings. Covering the whole spectrum of the marine sciences, the book has been written and edited very much with the non-specialist reader in mind. Marine scientists, whether students or researchers, will welcome this authoritative comprehensive overview of their subject and its history; other scientists will find the book to be an accessible and informative introduction to marine science and its historical roots.

Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere

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Author: Marco Tedesco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111836886X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 3182

The cryosphere, that region of the world where water istemporarily or permanently frozen, plays a crucial role on ourplanet. Recent developments in remote sensing techniques, and theacquisition of new data sets, have resulted in significant advancesin our understanding of all components of the cryosphere and itsprocesses. This book, based on contributions from 40 leading experts,offers a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the methods,techniques and recent advances in applications of remote sensing ofthe cryosphere. Examples of the topics covered include: • snow extent, depth, grain-size and impurities • surface and subsurface melting • glaciers • accumulation over the Greenland and Antarctica icesheets • ice thickness and velocities • gravimetric measurements from space • sea, lake and river ice • frozen ground and permafrost • fieldwork activities • recent and future cryosphere-oriented missions andexperiments All figures are in color and provide an excellent visualaccompaniment to the technical and scientific aspect of thebook. Readership: Senior undergraduates, Masters and PhDStudents, PostDocs and Researchers in cryosphere science and remotesensing. Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere is the significant firstvolume in the new Cryosphere Science Series. This newseries comprises volumes that are at the cutting edge of newresearch, or provide focussed interdisciplinary reviews of keyaspects of the science.

Satellites, Oceanography and Society

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Author: D. Halpern

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080540716

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 6283

The book shows how the new observations from satellites required advances in theory and influenced societal decision-making. Chapters have a review with an extensive reference list, making the book an excellent source of information for biological and physical oceanographers and atmospheric scientists. A large range of state-of-the art applications of satellite data (altimeter, color, infrared radiometer, scatterometer, synthetic aperture radar) visible in regional-to-global scale ocean studies integrating satellite and in-situ measurements with circulation models are covered in the book. Subjects include forecasting of surface waves, both swell and windsea, and surface wind; El Niño/La Niña; exchange of water masses between ocean basins, Rossby waves; eddies and filaments; fisheries; coastal ocean dynamics; phytoplankton dynamics; and ideas to measure sea surface salinity.

Oceanography from Space

Revisited

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Author: Vittorio Barale,J.F.R. Gower,L. Alberotanza

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048186815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 7679

To all those sailors / Who dreamed before us / Of another way to sail the oceans. The dedication of this Volume is meant to recall, and honour, the bold pioneers of ocean exploration, ancient as well as modern. As a marine scientist, dealing with the oceans through the complex tools, ?lters and mechanisms of contemporary research, I have always wondered what it was like, in centuries past, to look at that vast ho- zon with the naked eye, not knowing what was ahead, and yet to sail on. I have tried to imagine what ancient sailors felt, when “the unknown swirls around and engulfs the mind”, as a forgotten author simply described the brave, perhaps reckless, act of facing such a hostile, menacing and yet fascinating adventure. Innovation has always been the key element, I think, for their success: another way, a better way, a more effective, safer and worthier way was the proper answer to the challenge. The map of our world has been changed time and again, from the geographical as well as the social, economic and scienti?c points of view, by the new discoveries of those sailors. One of the positive qualities of human beings is without doubt the inborn desire to expand their horizons, to see what lies beyond, to learn and understand.

Remote Sensing of Atmosphere and Ocean from Space: Models, Instruments and Techniques

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Author: Frank S. Marzano,Guido Visconti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306481502

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 7869

This book is a collection of the lectures, held at the International Summer School ISSAOS-2000 in L'Aquila (Italy), given by invited lecturers coming from both Europe and the USA. The goal of the book is to provide a broad panorama of spaceborne remote sensing techniques, at both microwave and visible-infrared bands and by both active and passive sensors, for the retrieval of atmospheric and oceanic parameters. A significant emphasis is given to the physical modeling background, instrument potential and limitations, inversion methods and applications. Topics on international remote sensing programs and assimilation techniques into numerical weather forecast models are also touched. The main purpose of the book is to offer to young scientists, Ph.D. or equivalent students, and to all who would like to have a broad-spectrum understanding of spaceborne remote sensing capabilities, introductory material to each remote sensing topic written by the most qualified experts in the field.

Manual of Remote Sensing

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Author: Robert N. Colwell

Publisher: American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing

ISBN: 9780937294413

Category: Remote sensing

Page: 2440

View: 1939

Volume 1: Theory, instruments and techniques. - Volume 2: Interpretation and applications.