Der Abu Ballas-Weg

Eine pharaonische Karawanenroute durch die Libysche Wüste

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Author: Frank Förster

Publisher: Heinrich-Barth-Institut

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

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Presents the finds and features of a Pharaonic caravan route, only discovered in 1999, which leads from the Dakhla Oasis in Egypt deep into the Libyan Desert, and therefore brings this area into the focus of Egyptological research for the first time. Based on archaeological investigations carried out within the scope of the Collaborative Research Centre 389 ACACIA at Cologne, the finds and features are thoroughly analyzed (part I of the thesis), followed by studies on the practical use of the trail (part II), and on the possible purpose and historical significance of the caravan route (part III). As the main result it turned out that the so-called Abu Ballas Trail was an extremely difficult Pharaonic caravan route through the Libyan Desert that was used over many centuries, and repeatedly took a greater significance under very specific geopolitical circumstances. It appears to have served, at least temporarily from the late third millennium BC onwards, as a trade route in order to import luxury items (such as incense, ivory, skins of exotic animals, valuable oils, and others) from sub-Saharan regions first to Dakhla and then further on to the Egyptian Nile Valley, probably in cooperation with "Libyan" nomadic groups. The route therefore represents the earliest evidence of trans-Saharan trade currently known. Its existence proves that the known world of the ancient Egyptians did not end beyond the oases of the Western Desert.

A History of Water: Series III, Volume 3

Water and Food

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Author: Terje Tvedt,Terje Oestigaard

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 178673138X

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 6898

Major changes in policy and management , across the entire agricultural production chain, will be needed to ensure the best use of available water resources in meeting growing demands for food and other agricultural products. This new volume in the successful History of Water Series focuses on the African continent to address this key issue. Humanity has its roots in Africa and many of our food systems developed there. All types of agricultural production are present and the sheer size of the continent offers wide ecological variation from extreme desert to dense rainforest. Drawing together leading international contributors from a wide variety of disciplines Water and Food offers new insights into the evolution of food systems, from early hunter gatherers to the global challenges of the modern world.

Acta Nubica

proceedings of the X International Conference of Nubian studies, Rome, 9-14 September 2002

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Author: Isabella Caneva,Alessandro Roccati

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788824013147

Category: Egypt

Page: 497

View: 8647

Abundantly illustrated with color photos, archaeological drawings, and site maps, this substantive catalog from the Tenth International Conference of the Nubian Society, held in September 2002 in Rome, surveys the recently discovered antiquities of the Nile Valley and beyond, throughout Egypt and the Sudan. In these numerous archaeological, archaeometrical, and epigraphical discoveries, scientists present new groundwork for the understanding of Egypt, not as a lone oasis of civilization, but rather as a key part of a larger ancient world. The essays are presented in their original languages; most are in English, though some are in French or Italian.

Eastern Desert Ware

Traces of the Inhabitants of the Eastern Deserts in Egypt and Sudan During the 4th-6th Centuries Ce

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Author: H. Barnard

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 3331

This study presents the first comprehensive description of a small corpus of ceramic vessels, now defined as Eastern Desert Ware (EDW). The vessels that comprise this corpus are hand-made cups and bowls, shaped without the use of a potter's wheel, with proportionally thin walls and well-finished surfaces. Larger vessels and closed forms do occur very sporadically, although these forms may so far have escaped recognition. Many of the outside and several inside surfaces of the vessels are burnished and decorated with geometrical patterns impressed or incised in the unfired clay. These patterns are often remarkably asymmetric and frequently enhanced by a white inlay or a partial red slip. Eastern Desert Ware has been found in archaeological contexts predominantly dated to the 4th-6th centuries CE, by associated pottery, coins, and radiocarbon analysis, in the Nile Valley between the Fifth Cataract, just north of where the Atbara debouches into the Nile, and the First Cataract near Aswan, as well as in the desert to the east, between Quseir and Port Sudan, an area of roughly 350,000 km . CHAPTER ONE: Historical Background of the Eastern Desert and Eastern Desert Ware; CHAPTER TWO: The Macroscopic Description of Eastern Desert Ware and its Comparison with Associated Pottery Material; CHAPTER THREE: The Provenance of Eastern Desert Ware as Suggested by the Chemical Composition of the Fabric of the Vessels; CHAPTER FOUR: The Use of Eastern Desert Ware as Suggested by Lipid Residues in the Walls of the Vessels; CHAPTER FIVE: The Eastern Desert and the Production of Eastern Desert Ware; CHAPTER SIX: Interpretative Summary and Conclusions.

"Nihna Nas Al-bahar - We are the People of the River."

Ethnographic Research in the Fourth Nile Cataract Region, Sudan

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Author: Cornelia Kleinitz,Claudia Näser

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz

ISBN: 9783447068918

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6674

In 2008, a 170 km stretch of the Middle Nile valley was flooded by the reservoir of the newly constructed Merowe Dam at the Fourth Cataract. This large dam project led to the displacement of some 70,000 people, who lost their homeland, their way of life and much of their cultural heritage. Most of those affected were small-scale riverine farmers belonging to the Manasir and the Shaiqiyya of Amri and Hamdab. Although large-scale archaeological rescue campaigns were undertaken along the projected reservoir in anticipation of the flooding, the scientific community paid little attention to the living heritage of the present inhabitants of the Fourth Cataract region. As a rare testimony to the affected people, the volume edited by Cornelia Kleinitz and Claudia Naser collects the work of ethnographers, social geographers, architects and archaeologists among local communities at the Fourth Cataract, and, in one case, in a prospective resettlement area. The contributions focus on traditional architecture, agricultural production and ways of life - including gender aspects - in this remote and highly specific cultural landscape before resettlement, investigate the process of forced resettlement and its consequences for the affected communities, and outline a political history and a critical ethnography of archaeological salvage in the context of dam building in the Middle Nile valley and the area of the Merowe Dam, respectively. Evaluating the conditions of dam construction, the salvage of cultural heritage and the fate of the affected people from several perspectives, the papers of this volume contribute to the critical discussion of the benefits and costs of major infrastructural development projects in Africa and beyond.

Egypt at Its Origins 2

Proceedings of the International Conference "Origin of the State, Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt", Toulouse (France), 5th-8th September 2005

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Author: Béatrix Midant-Reynes,Yann Tristant,Joanne Rowland,Stan Hendrickx

Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 1236

View: 2170

The proceedings of the Second International Conference about Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt (Toulouse, France, 2005) present the results of the latest research on the rise of the Pharaonic culture in Ancient Egypt. It contains 65 contributions by 80 authors from different countries. The articles in this volume have been organised in nine thematic sections: craft and craft specialisation; physical anthropology; geoarchaeology and environmental sciences; interactions between Upper and Lower Egypt; interactions between the desert and the Nile Valley; foreign relations; birth of writing and kingship; cult, ideology and social complexity; excavations and museums. Les actes de la Deuxieme Conference Internationale sur l'Egypte pre- et protodynastique (Toulouse, France, 2005) presentent les resultats des recherches les plus recentes sur l'emergence de la culture pharaonique dans l'Egypte ancienne. Ils contiennent 65 contributions redigees par 80 auteurs de differents pays. Les articles de ce volume sont organises en neuf sections thematiques: artisanat et specialisation technique; anthropologie physique; geo-archeologie et sciences environnementales; interactions entre la Haute et la Basse-Egypte; interactions entre le desert et la Vallee du Nil; relations internationales; naissance de l'ecriture et royaute; culte, ideologie et complexite sociale; travaux de terrain et musees.

Africa

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

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Origini

preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 1265

Castle and Church

The Archaeological Museum in Gdańsk, Gniew Castle, Poland

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Author: Leszek Kajzer,Henryk Paner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Castles

Page: 238

View: 9031

Méroé

un empire sur le Nil

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Author: Musée National du Louvre (Paris)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Page: 287

View: 2349

Catalogue publié à l'occasion de l'exposition Méroé un empire sur le Nil présentée au Musée du Louvre du 26 mars au 6 novembre 2010. Pour la première fois, une exposition est conscarée exclusivement à Méroé, royaume du Soudan antique connu pour sa légendaire capitale et sa fameuse nécropole royale dotée de pyramides, s'attachant ainsi à faire connaître une civilisation majestueuse et énigmatique des rives du Nil qui s'est développé entre 270 avant J.C. et 350 après J.C.. Deux cents objets seront exposés au musée du Louvre, dont, en compagnies des trésors du Louvre et de musées de réputation internationale, une centaine d'objets en provenance du musée national du Soudan de Kharthoum, spécialement restaurés pour l'occasion : verres, faïences et terres cuites, bijoux, sculptures, reliefs, sceaux ... Le catalogue, qui l'accompagne, rédigé par des spécialistes, sera le premier sur le sujet.

Archéo-Nil

bulletin de la société pour l'étude des cultures prépharaoniques de la vallée du Nil

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Prehistoric peoples

Page: N.A

View: 543

Das Christentum in Nubien

Geschichte und Gestalt einer afrikanischen Kirche

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Author: Roland Werner

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643121962

Category: Christianity

Page: 515

View: 8656

Nubien

geheimnisvolles Goldland der Ägypter

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Author: Piotr O. Scholz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783806218855

Category: Egypt

Page: 224

View: 6822

Archaische Felszeichnungen und Pyramiden im Wüstensand, gigantische Tempelanlagen und Festungen am Nil - der Autor präsentiert das reiche archäologische Erbe Nubiens und erzählt die Geschichte dieses rätselhaften "Goldlands der Ägypter"

Die Jallaba und die Nuba Nordkordofans

Händler, Soziale Distinktion und Sudanisierung

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Author: Gerhard Hesse

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825858902

Category: Kordofan (Sudan : Province)

Page: 406

View: 7293

Djabarona 84/13

Untersuchungen zur Besiedlungsgeschichte des Wadi Howar anhand der Keramik des 3. und 2. Jahrtausends v.Chr

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Author: Birgit Keding

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783927688148

Category: Social Science

Page: 371

View: 3387

Rinderhirten.

Die Lehren des Ani

ein neuägyptischer Weisheitstext in seinem kulturellen Umfeld

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Author: Joachim Friedrich Quack

Publisher: Saint-Paul

ISBN: 9783525537763

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 8230

Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--Universit'at T'ubingen, 1993.