Accidental Empires

How the Boys of Silicon Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition, and Still Can't Get a Date

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Author: Robert X. Cringely

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780140258264

Category: Computer industry

Page: 358

View: 5081

This work looks at the business of computing in the US, as computer science, as a business, and as a collection of extraordinary and eccentric characters. After automobiles, energy production, and illegal drugs, personal computers are one of the largest manufacturing industries in the world, and one of the great success stories for American business. This book is linked to a Channel 4 television series entitled The Triumph of the Nerds.

Erfindung des Computers, Elektronenrechner, Entwicklungen in Deutschland, England und der Schweiz

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Author: Herbert Bruderer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311060261X

Category: Computers

Page: 849

View: 9715

Das preisgekrönte Werk „Meilensteine der Rechentechnik" liegt in der 2., völlig neu bearbeiteten und stark erweiterten Auflage vor. Die beiden Bände, die im Ganzen rund 1600 Seiten umfassen, sind ein Gesamtwerk, lassen sich aber auch einzeln nutzen. Diese Schrift behandelt sowohl analoge wie digitale Geräte und geht auf benachbarte Bereiche wie Automatenbau (z.B. Figuren- und Musikautomaten) sowie wissenschaftliche Instrumente (z.B. Himmelskunde, Vermessungswesen, Uhrmacherkunst) ein. Gestreift werden zudem frühe Schreibmaschinen und programmgesteuerte mechanische Webstühle. Schwerpunkte des ersten Bandes sind: Grundlagen, mechanische Rechenmaschinen, Rechenschieber, historische Automaten, Entwicklung der Rechenkunst, Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen für analoge und digitale Rechengeräte. Alle wichtigen Fachbegriffe werden erklärt. Die weltweit prachtvollsten Rundbaurechenmaschinen und Androiden werden in Wort und Bild vorgestellt. Das Buch enthält ferner grundsätzliche Betrachtungen zu Themen wie Digitalisierung und künstliche Intelligenz sowie zur Rolle der Technikgeschichte und der Erhaltung des technischen Kulturguts. Der zweite Band widmet sich überwiegend den Elektronenrechnern: Erfindung des Computers, weltweite Entwicklung der Rechentechnik, insbesondere in Deutschland, England und der Schweiz. Er schließt überdies je ein Fachwörterbuch Deutsch-Englisch und Englisch-Deutsch ein. Die sollen das Lesen anspruchsvoller fremdsprachiger Texte und Übersetzungen fördern. Hinzu kommt eine umfassende weltweite Bibliografie. Beide Bände berichten über aufsehenerregende neue Funde von Dokumenten und Gegenständen (u.a. weltgrößte serienmäßig gefertigte Rechenwalze, weltweit kleinster mechanischer Parallelrechner, erster mechanischer Prozessrechner), sie eignen sich auch als Nachschlagewerke. Sie sind allgemein verständlich und richten sich an alle, die Freude haben an Technik-, Mathematik-, Informatik- und Kunstgeschichte. Mehrsprachige Bibliografie zur Mathematik-, Informatik, Technik- und Naturwissenschaftsgeschichte mit über 5000 Einträgen, Fachwörterbuch Deutsch-Englisch und Englisch-Deutsch mit je 4000 Einträgen, 18 Schritt-für-Schritt-Anleitungen für die Bedienung historischer analoger und digitaler Geräte, 100 tabellarische Übersichten, zahlreiche Zeittafeln, ausführliches Personen-, Orts- und Sachverzeichnis. Herbert Bruderer ist Dozent i.R. am Departement für Informatik der Eidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule (ETH) Zürich und Technikhistoriker. Er hat zahlreiche Bücher zur Informatik verfasst und ist mehrfacher Preisträger.

Intelligence and Government in Britain and the United States: A Comparative Perspective [2 volumes]

A Comparative Perspective

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Author: Philip H.J. Davies

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440802815

Category: Political Science

Page: 826

View: 7738

Bringing a dose of reality to the stuff of literary thrillers, this masterful study is the first closely detailed, comparative analysis of the evolution of the modern British and American intelligence communities. • U.S. and U.K. case studies that draw on archival and published sources and on interviews with practitioners • Parallel timelines for principal national intelligence coordinating bodies in the United States and United Kingdom • Organization charts for the United States Intelligence Board and the U.K. Joint Intelligence Organisation, both from the early 1960s • An extensive glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the British and American intelligence communities • An extensive bibliography

Places of Invention

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Author: Arthur P. Molella,Anna Karvellas

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1935623680

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 5557

Places of Invention is the companion book to a Smithsonian National Museum of American History exhibition of the same name. It seeks to answer important questions about the nature of invention and innovation- How do some places spark invention and innovation? How does "place"--whether physical, social, or cultural--support, constrain, and shape innovation? Why does invention flourish in one spot but struggle in another, even very similar, location? In short- Why there? Why then? This powerful volume explores the relationship between place and creativity throughout history. It features six key case studies- precision manufacturing in Hartford, CT in the late 1800s; Technicolor in Hollywood, CA in the 1930s; medical innovations in Medical Alley, MN in the 1950s; hip-hop's birth in the Bronx, NY in the 1970s; the rise of the personal computer in Silicon Valley, CA in the 1970s and 1980s; and clean-energy innovations in Fort Collins, CO in the 2010s. The lively and informative narrative from the exhibition's curators focuses on the central thesis that invention is everywhere and fueled by unique combinations of creative people, ready resources, and inspiring surroundings. Like the locations it explores, Places of Invention shows how the history of invention can be a transformative lens for understanding local history and cultivating creativity on scales of place ranging from the personal to the national and beyond.

Information Arts

Intersections of Art, Science, and Technology

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Author: Stephen Wilson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262731584

Category: Art

Page: 945

View: 6742

Wilson surveys international artists who incorporate concepts and research from mathematics, the physical sciences, biology, kinetics, telecommunications, and experimental digital systems such as artificial intelligence and ubiquitous computing.

New Media

A Critical Introduction

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Author: Martin Lister,Jon Dovey,Seth Giddings,Iain Grant,Kieran Kelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134083823

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 7341

New Media: A Critical Introduction is a comprehensive introduction to the culture, history, technologies and theories of new media. Written especially for students, the book considers the ways in which 'new media' really are new, assesses the claims that a media and technological revolution has taken place and formulates new ways for media studies to respond to new technologies. The authors introduce a wide variety of topics including: how to define the characteristics of new media; social and political uses of new media and new communications; new media technologies, politics and globalization; everyday life and new media; theories of interactivity, simulation, the new media economy; cybernetics, cyberculture, the history of automata and artificial life. Substantially updated from the first edition to cover recent theoretical developments, approaches and significant technological developments, this is the best and by far the most comprehensive textbook available on this exciting and expanding subject. At www.newmediaintro.com you will find: additional international case studies with online references specially created You Tube videos on machines and digital photography a new ‘Virtual Camera’ case study, with links to short film examples useful links to related websites, resources and research sites further online reading links to specific arguments or discussion topics in the book links to key scholars in the field of new media.

Mobile Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

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Author: Taniar, David

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605660547

Category: Computers

Page: 3721

View: 4654

"This multiple-volume publication advances the emergent field of mobile computing offering research on approaches, observations and models pertaining to mobile devices and wireless communications from over 400 leading researchers"--Provided by publisher.

Videogames

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Author: James Newman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136500413

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 182

View: 4352

In the few decades since they first blipped their way onto television screens, videogames have become one of the most culturally, socially and economically significant media forms. Newman’s volume considers how we might approach videogames as media texts to be read, experiences to be played and played with, systems and simulations to be decoded and interrogated, and performances to be captured, codified and preserved. The updated second edition examines the emergence of new platforms as well as changing patterns of production and consumption in its analysis of Wii, Xbox 360, PS3 and mobile gaming. The new final chapter explores recent developments in games scholarship with particular focus falling on the study of gameplay as socially situated, ‘lived experience’, and on strategies for game history, heritage and preservation. In drawing attention to the fragility and ephemerality of hardware, software and gameplay, this new edition encourages readers and players not only to consider how games might be studied but also what can, will and should be left behind for the next generation of games researchers.

Strategic Intuition

The Creative Spark in Human Achievement

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Author: William Duggan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512325

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 9106

How "Aha!" really happens. When do you get your best ideas? You probably answer "At night," or "In the shower," or "Stuck in traffic." You get a flash of insight. Things come together in your mind. You connect the dots. You say to yourself, "Aha! I see what to do." Brain science now reveals how these flashes of insight happen. It's a special form of intuition. We call it strategic intuition, because it gives you an idea for action-a strategy. Brain science tells us there are three kinds of intuition: ordinary, expert, and strategic. Ordinary intuition is just a feeling, a gut instinct. Expert intuition is snap judgments, when you instantly recognize something familiar, the way a tennis pro knows where the ball will go from the arc and speed of the opponent's racket. (Malcolm Gladwell wrote about this kind of intuition in Blink.) The third kind, strategic intuition, is not a vague feeling, like ordinary intuition. Strategic intuition is a clear thought. And it's not fast, like expert intuition. It's slow. That flash of insight you had last night might solve a problem that's been on your mind for a month. And it doesn't happen in familiar situations, like a tennis match. Strategic intuition works in new situations. That's when you need it most. Everyone knows you need creative thinking, or entrepreneurial thinking, or innovative thinking, or strategic thinking to succeed in the modern world. All these kinds of thinking happen through flashes of insight strategic intuition. And now that we know how it works, you can learn to do it better. That's what this book is about. Over the past ten years, William Duggan has conducted pioneering research on strategic intuition and for the past three years has taught a popular course at Columbia Business School on the subject. He now gives us this eye-opening book that shows how strategic intuition lies at the heart of great achievements throughout human history: the scientific and computer revolutions, women's suffrage, the civil rights movement, modern art, microfinance in poor countries, and more. Considering the achievements of people and organizations, from Bill Gates to Google, Copernicus to Martin Luther King, Picasso to Patton, you'll never think the same way about strategy again. Three kinds of strategic ideas apply to human achievement: * Strategic analysis, where you study the situation you face * Strategic intuition, where you get a creative idea for what to do * Strategic planning, where you work out the details of how to do it. There is no shortage of books about strategic analysis and strategic planning. This new book by William Duggan is the first full treatment of strategic intuition. It's the missing piece of the strategy puzzle that makes essential reading for anyone interested in achieving more in any field of human endeavor.

The Entrepreneurial Society

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Author: David B. Audretsch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195183509

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 7545

In the depiction of the post-World War II economy, two factors mattered for economic growth: capital and labor. Economists were thus focused on macroeconomic policy, in order to induce investment in capital, while social institutions like education were oriented towards producing a labor force equipped to work in an economy consisting of large-scale factories. However, in the leading developed economies, globalization and technology have triggered a shift away from capital, which can be moved to lower-cost locations through downsizing and outsourcing of employment, and towards knowledge. Audretsch argues in this book that the entrepreneurial economy is the strategic response to this shift. In this economy, a new growth policy has emerged, focusing on promoting knowledge capital and entrepreneurship capital with programs like incubators, science parks, and start-up programs. In addition, knowledge-based geographic clusters have arisen, like Silicon Valley, Cambridge, and Bangalore. This book will provide a lens for understanding and interpreting the emergence of entrepreneurship policy. Audretsch will make connections between entrepreneurship and economic growth at the levels of individual firms and entire regions. He concludes that entrepreneurship contributes to economic growth by serving as a conduit for knowledge spillovers, injecting competition into the market for new ideas, and increasing the amount of diversity. This book should appeal to researchers and students in developmental economics.

Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union

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Author: Teresa Rees

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134820925

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 5917

Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union provides a critical overview and evaluation of the potential role of the EU in perpetuating or breaking down gender segregation in the EU labour force. Teresa Rees draws upon feminist theoretical frameworks in assessing Equal Opportunitues policies and the role of training in the labour market. The same economic imperatives which put women's training on the agenda have heightened interest in designing training which attracts women into mainstream provision. Mainstreaming Equality in the European Union addresses the urgent need for academics, education and training providers, as well as policy makers to be aware of current thinking at EU level on training policy.

The Economics of Industrial Innovation

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Author: Christopher Freeman,Luc Soete

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262561136

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 470

View: 4136

In the new chapters they deal with the international dimensions of technological change including underdevelopment, technology transfer, international trade, and globalization. They have also strengthened the historical account of the rise of new technologies, a main feature of earlier editions.

Der Computer als Werkzeug und Medium

die geistigen und technischen Wurzeln des Personal Computers

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Author: Michael Friedewald

Publisher: Verlag Fur Geschichte Der Naturwissenschaften Un

ISBN: N.A

Category: Microcomputers

Page: 497

View: 2084

The Making of Silicon Valley

a one hundred year renaissance

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Author: Ward Winslow,Santa Clara Valley Historical Association

Publisher: Santa Clara Valley Historical Assn

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 133

View: 9523

The Plot to Get Bill Gates

An Irreverent Investigation of the World's Richest Man...and the People Who Hate Him

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Author: Gary Rivlin

Publisher: Times Books

ISBN: 9780812990737

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 7839

A humorous investigation into the controversial world of Bill Gates and his foes explores our fixation on the billionaire with bad hair and society's odyssey to understand him.

Free-for-all

The Struggle for Dominance on the Digital Frontier

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Author: Matthew Fraser

Publisher: Stoddart Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Current Events

Page: 318

View: 4123

We are in the midst of a communications revolution - a free-for-all, in which several major players and a group of new media upstarts are vying for the power to transform our lives. It is a contest being waged at high speed, with great rancour, new rules and incomprehensibly rich profits. Who will win this struggle for supremacy?

A future perfect

the challenge and hidden promise of globalization

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Author: John Micklethwait,Adrian Wooldridge

Publisher: William Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 386

View: 1767

Computer Confluence

Exploring Tomorrow's Technology

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Author: George Beekman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130661876

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 325

View: 7784

Computer Confluence combines three information sources-an illustrated textbook, a multimedia CD-ROM, and a Companion Website-to explore the promises and challenges of information technology, its effect on businesses, people, society, and the future.