Glacial and Periglacial Environments


Author: David Anderson

Publisher: Hodder Murray

ISBN: 9780340812471

Category: Education

Page: 132

View: 9618

Access to Geography: Glacial and Periglacial Environments gives a comprehensive guide to the subject through such topics as distribution, formation, landscapes, processes and effects on the physical environment. It follows the Access series, with key words defined at the beginning of the chapter, a summary of the key issues, up-to-date case studies and exam questions at the end.

Periglacial Geomorphology


Author: Colin K. Ballantyne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405100060

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 5238

A fascinating and informative exploration of periglacial processes, past and present, and their role in landscape evolution Periglacial Geomorphology presents a comprehensive introduction to the processes that operate in present periglacial environments and discusses the inferences that can be drawn about former periglacial environments from those processes. Organized into six parts, the book opens with the historical and scientific context of periglacial geomorphology and the nature of periglacial environments. Following chapters provide systematic coverage of the full range of topics germane to a thorough understanding of periglacial geomorphology, including: The physics of ground freezing and thawing, characteristics of permafrost, and the nature and origin of underground ice Characteristics, formation and significance of landforms, sediments, and structures associated with permafrost, permafrost degradation, and seasonal ground freezing and thawing Rock weathering in periglacial environments, periglacial processes operating on hillslopes, and the characteristic landforms produced by rock breakdown and slope processes in cold environments The operation of fluvial, aeolian and coastal processes in cold environments, and the resulting distinctive landforms and sediments The use of relict periglacial features to reconstruct past cold environments in midlatitude regions and the responses of periglacial environments to recent and predicted climate change Periglacial Geomorphology is an important resource for undergraduate and graduate students studying geomorphology or Quaternary science within the context of geography and geology degree programs. It will be of use to all scientists whose research involves an understanding of cold environments, whether from a geographical, geological, ecological, climatological, pedological, hydrological, or engineering perspective.

The Periglacial Environment


Author: Hugh M. French

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119132819

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 3052

The Periglacial Environment, Fourth Edition, is an authoritative overview of the world’s cold, non-glacial environments. First published in 1976 and subsequently revised in 1996 and 2007, the text has been the international standard for nearly 40 years. The Fourth Edition continues to be a personal interpretation of the frost-induced conditions, geomorphic processes and landforms that characterize periglacial environments. Part One discusses the periglacial concept and describes the typical climates and ecosystems that are involved. Part Two describes the geocryology (permafrost science) associated with frozen ground. Part Three outlines the weathering and geomorphic processes associated with cold-climate conditions. Part Four provides insight into the periglacial environments of the Quaternary, especially the Late Pleistocene. Part Five describes some of the problems associated with human occupancy in regions that experience frozen ground and cold-climate conditions. Extensively revised and updated Written by an expert with over 50 years of field research Draws upon the author’s personal experience from Northern Canada, Alaska, Siberia, Tibet, Antarctica, Svalbard, Scandinavia, southern South America, Western Europe and eastern North America This book is an invaluable reference for advanced undergraduates in geography, geology, earth sciences and environmental sciences programs, and to resource managers and geotechnical engineers interested in cold regions.

A Quick Introduction to Glaciers and Glacial Landscapes


Author: Peter Knight

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781508985129


Page: 76

View: 9256

The study of glaciers is important not only for explaining how landscapes are created, but also for understanding global issues such as climate change and sea-level rise. This book examines the characteristics of glaciers, explores how they shape the landscape, and explains their role in the unfolding drama of global environmental change. It also considers the impact of glaciers on human activity, and the potential impact of humans on the future growth or melting of the world's ice. The aim of the book is to provide a quick, straightforward introduction to glaciers and glacial landscapes. It is intended for people who have very little background knowledge in the subject, and is pitched very much at an introductory level. Given the importance of glaciers in the global environmental system it is surprising that they come and go in the teaching syllabus. For a few years, lots of students are studying glaciers at school, then for a few years nobody is doing glaciers and everybody is studying rivers instead. Teachers who perhaps did not study glaciers at university suddenly find that a curriculum change at school leaves them having to teach glaciers to their own students. Students at university find that they have to deal with glaciers at degree level even though they never studied them at school. University lecturers find that the students just enrolled on what was intended as a degree-level glaciers module have no background at all in the subject. And members of the general public who just want to find out a little bit about glaciers discover that the only books available are either coffee-table books with no real information or advanced texts intended for people who already have some expertise. This little book throws itself into that picture with the aim of helping all those readers!

Dynamic Mars

Recent and Current Landscape Evolution of the Red Planet


Author: Richard J. Soare,Susan J. Conway,Stephen M. Clifford

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128130199

Category: Science

Page: 474

View: 4811

Dynamic Mars: Recent and Current Landscape Evolution of the Red Planet presents the latest observations, interpretations, and explanations of geological change at the surface or near-surface of this terrestrial body. These changes raise questions about a decades-old paradigm, formed largely in the aftermath of very coarse Mariner-mission imagery in the 1960s, suggesting that much of the interesting geological activity on Mars occurred deep in its past, eons ago. The book includes discussions of (1) Mars’ ever-changing atmosphere and the impact of this on the planet’s surface and near-surface; (2) the possible involvement of water in relatively new, if not contemporary, gully-like flows and slope streaks (i.e. recurring slope lineae); and (3) the identification of a broad suite of agents and processes (i.e. glacial, periglacial, aeolian, meteorological, volcanic, and meteoric) that are actively revising surface and near-surface landscapes, landforms, and features on a local, regional, and hemispheric scale. Highly illustrated and punctuated by data from the most recent Mars missions, Dynamic Mars is a valuable resource for all levels of research in the geological history of Mars, as well as of the three other terrestrial planets. Utilizes observational and model-based data as well as geological context to frame the understanding of Mars’ dynamic surface and near-surface Presents a broad spectrum of highly regarded experts and themes to discuss and evaluate the geological history of late and current Mars Includes extensive and detailed imagery to clearly illustrate these themes, discussions, and evaluations

Past Glacial Environments

Sediments, Forms, and Techniques


Author: John Menzies

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 598

View: 993

This undergraduate textbook provides a current and comprehensive survey of the sediments and forms generated within Pleistocene and pre-Pleistocene glacial environments. Techniques and methods used in the examination of these sediments and forms are extensively reviewed. This is the most comprehensive and wide-ranging book ever prepared on this topic, and will form the basis for future work in the area. In studying past glacial environments, links are made between understanding modern glaciodynamics, ice physics, and the processes of erosion, transport and deposition of glacial sediments and the generation of various glacial landforms. Past Glacial Environments presents physical geography, earth and environmental science students with an extensive review of the latest research on past glacial environments. The text encompasses Pleistocene subglacial, supraglacial and proglacial sediments and environments, pre-Pleistocene global glacial conditions and sediments, as well as past glacioaeolian, glaciolacustrine, and glaciomarine sediments. Subsequent chapters focus on stratigraphy, lithofacies associations, paleosols, glacio-eustasy and isostasy, micromorphology, SEM, drift prospecting and placer mining.



Author: Albert Lincoln Washburn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781932846287

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 8238

This book, originally published in 1980, provides a comprehensive overview of frost-action and mass-wasting processes and their effects, present and past. As warming of permafrost is becoming an increasingly important component of global climate change research, this text is also of increasing relevance. Geocryology is included in the title to emphasize the pervasive influence of ice and its phase changes in these processes. This book is neither a formal text nor a reference manual but something of both and a guide to the enormous literature. The text is illustrated with over 200 photographs and diagrams. The following topics are covered: Environmental factors, frozen ground, general frost-action processes, some periglacial forms, mass-wasting processes and forms, nivation, slopewash, fluvial action, lacrustine and marine action, wind action, thermokarst, environmental overview and environmental reconstructions. L. Washburn was the first executive director of the Arctic Institute of North America. He dedicated his life to fieldwork and the intensive study of the Arctic and Polar Regions in general, focusing on glacial and periglacial environments and Quaternary history of the earth. Dr. Washburn was Professor Emeritus in the department of Geological Sciences and the Quaternary Research Center at the University of Washington, and former Director of its Quaternary Research Center. He was deeply involved in the establishment of the journal Arctic and was founder and former Editor of Quaternary Research.

The High-Mountain Cryosphere


Author: Christian Huggel,Mark Carey,John J. Clague,Andreas Kääb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107065844

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 5163

Provides a definitive overview of the global drivers of high-mountain cryosphere change and their implications for people across high-mountain regions.

Ice Age Earth

Late Quaternary Geology and Climate


Author: Alastair G. Dawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135853630

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 9677

Ice Age Earth provides the first detailed review of global environmental change in the Late Quaternary. Significant geological and climatic events are analysed within a review of glacial and periglacial history. The melting history of the last ice sheets reveals that complex, dynamic and catastrophic change occurred, change which affected the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans and the stability of the Earth's crust.

Periglacial and Paraglacial Processes and Environments


Author: Stephan Harrison

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862392816

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 576

Periglacial and paraglacial environments, located outside ice sheet margins but responding to similar climate forcings, are key to identifying climate change effects upon the Earth system. These environments are relicts of cold Earth processes and so are most sensitive to global warming. Changes in the distribution and thickness of permafrost in continental interiors have implications for ecosystem and landscape stability. Periglacial Alpine environments are experiencing increased rockfall and mass movement, leading to rock glacier instability and sediment release to downstream rivers. In turn, these landscape effects impact on natural hazards and human activities in these sensitive and geologically transient environments.

Geological Field Techniques


Author: Angela L. Coe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 144434823X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 6245

The understanding of Earth processes and environments over geological time is highly dependent upon both the experience that can only be gained through doing fieldwork, and the collection of reliable data and appropriate samples in the field. This textbook explains the main data gathering techniques used by geologists in the field and the reasons for these, with emphasis throughout on how to make effective field observations and record these in suitable formats. Equal weight is given to assembling field observations from igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. There are also substantial chapters on producing a field notebook, collecting structural information, recording fossil data and constructing geological maps. The volume is in a robust and handy size, with colour coded chapters for ease of use and quick reference in the field. Geological Field Techniques is designed for students, amateur enthusiasts and professionals who have a background in geology and wish to collect field data on rocks and geological features. Teaching aspects of this textbook include: step-by-step guides to essential practical skills such as using a compass-clinometer, making a geological map and drawing a field sketch; tricks of the trade, checklists, flow charts and short worked examples; over 200 illustrations of a wide range of field notes, maps and geological features; appendices with the commonly used rock description and classification diagrams; a supporting website hosted by Wiley Blackwell.

Studies in the Scottish Lateglacial Environment


Author: J. M. Gray,J. J. Lowe

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148315534X

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 620

Studies in the Scottish Lateglacial Environment presents information on environmental reconstructions and dramatic changes, as well as the important implications of studies of the Lateglacial environment for Quaternary studies and modern climatic variations. Composed of 10 chapters, this book begins with a review of the Late Devensian glaciation in north-east Scotland. Then, detailed evidence concerning Lateglacial sea-level changes in the Earn-Tay area and their relationship to deglaciation is presented. Subsequent chapters explore the validity of the Oban-Ford Moraine, the only pre-Loch Lomond Readvance moraine remaining virtually unchallenged in the literature; reconstruction of Lateglacial and early Flandrian environments in south-west Scotland; and the fauna in marine sediments at Lochgilphead. Other chapters describe results of pollen-stratigraphic investigations at six Lateglacial sites in the southern and eastern Grampian Highlands; analyses of biological and chemical variables from sediment profiles from lochs in northern Scotland; and radiocarbon dates that are related to pollen profiles from the Scottish Highlands and the Isle of Skye. This book will be of value to students of Quaternary, as this text provides an integrated survey of available information in this field.

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters


Author: Wilfried Haeberli,Colin Whiteman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123964733

Category: Nature

Page: 812

View: 9904

Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters provides you with the latest scientific developments in glacier surges and melting, ice shelf collapses, paleo-climate reconstruction, sea level rise, climate change implications, causality, impacts, preparedness, and mitigation. It takes a geo-scientific approach to the topic while also covering current thinking about directly related social scientific issues that can adversely affect ecosystems and global economies. Puts the contributions from expert oceanographers, geologists, geophysicists, environmental scientists, and climatologists selected by a world-renowned editorial board in your hands Presents the latest research on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea level rise, climate change implications, and more Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and photographs of hazardous processes will be included Features new insights into the implications of climate change on increased melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea level rise

The Geography of Georgia

Problems and Perspectives


Author: Igor Bondyrev,Zurab Davitashvili,Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319054139

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 2244

This book discusses the political and economic history and geography of Georgia, the problems it has faced, and how it has overcome and is still overcoming them. In most countries, at the end of the 20th century the successful resolution of social-economic, political, demographic and ecological problems was largely dependent on effectively protecting the population and economic assets from natural disasters and on ensuring conditions for their sustainable development. These problems are most acute in mountainous regions like Georgia, where the unplanned development of natural ecosystems has had drastic consequences. It is therefore necessary to understand not only the probability of changing conditions (natural as well as political and demographic), but also the probability of the resulting economic losses. The book is divided into four sections; historical and political geography, geological processes, ecological processes and developmental geography. In the historical and political geography section the authors present a detailed discussion on ancient history, historical and political geography, ethnic groups and religions, demographics and socio-cultural geography. The geological processes section contains information on geology, geodynamical processes, glacial and periglacial processes. The ecological processes section examines a variety of landscapes and ecosystems, aspects of deforestation, reforestation and desertification along with anthropogenic impacts on the environment. The developmental geography section looks at different economies, natural resources, sustainable development and climate change.

Antarctic Palaeoenvironments and Earth-Surface Processes


Author: M.J. Hambrey,P.F. Barker,P.J. Barrett,V. Bowman,B. Davies,J.L. Smellie,M. Tranter

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 186239363X

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 6110

The volume highlights developments in our understanding of the palaeogeographical, palaeobiological, palaeoclimatic and cryospheric evolution of Antarctica. It focuses on the sedimentary record from the Devonian to the Quaternary Period. It features tectonic evolution and stratigraphy, as well as processes taking place adjacent to, beneath and beyond the ice-sheet margin, including the continental shelf. The contributions in this volume include several invited review papers, as well as original research papers arising from the International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences in Edinburgh, in July 2011. These papers demonstrate a remarkable diversity of Earth science interests in the Antarctic. Following international trends, there is particular emphasis on the Cenozoic Era, reflecting the increasing emphasis on the documentation and understanding of the past record of ice-sheet fluctuations. Furthermore, Antarctic Earth history is providing us with important information about potential future trends, as the impact of global warming is increasingly felt on the continent and its ocean.

Cold Environments

Processes and Outcomes


Author: Garrett Nagle,M. E. Witherick

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748758210

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 9381

Students are helped to progress from GCSE and Standard Grade within each title in this series, through regular questions and enquiry activities. The topic books are suitable for individual usage as the content is detailed and concise. They should be useful study for students for exam practice and practice for decision-making/enquiry approaches in the context of real places. Question banks focus on the development of core skills and should help students construct quality extended essays.

The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology


Author: Kenneth J Gregory,Andrew S Goudie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446250105

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 6765

Geomorphology is the study of the Earth's diverse physical land-surface features and the dynamic processes that shape these features. Examining natural and anthropogenic processes, The SAGE Handbook of Geomorphology is a comprehensive exposition of the fundamentals of geomorphology that examines form, process, and applications of the discipline. Organized into five substantive sections, the Handbook is an overview of: • Foundations and Relevance: including the nature and scope of geomorphology; the origins and development of geomorphology; the role and character of theory in geomorphology; geomorphology and environmental management; and geomorphology and society • Techniques and Approaches: including observations and experiments; geomorphological mapping; the significance of models; process and form; dating surfaces and sediment; remote sensing in geomorphology; GIS in geomorphology; biogeomorphology; human activity • Process and Environment: including the evolution of regolith; weathering; fluids, flows and fluxes; sediment transport and deposition; hill slopes; riverine environments; glacial geomorphology; periglacial environments; coastal environments; aeolian environments; tropical environments; karst and karst processes • Environmental Change: including landscape evolution and tectonics; interpreting quaternary environments; environmental change; disturbance and responses to geomorphic systems • Conclusion: including challenges and perspectives; and a concluding review The Handbook has contributions from 48 international authors and was initially organized by the International Association of Geomorphologists. This will be a much-used and much-cited reference for researchers in Geomorphology, Physical Geography and the Environmental Sciences.

Past Glacial Environments


Author: John Menzies,Jaap van der Meer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081005253

Category: Science

Page: 858

View: 2919

Past Glacial Environments, Second Edition, presents a revised and updated version of the very successful first edition of Menzies’ book, covering a breadth of topics with a focus on the recognition and analysis of former glacial environments, including the pre-Quaternary glaciations. The book is made up of chapters written by various geological experts from across the world, with the editor’s expertise and experience bringing the chapters together. This new and updated volume includes at least 45% new material, along with five new chapters that include a section on techniques and methods. Additionally, this new edition is presented in full color and features a large collection of photographs, line diagrams, and tables with examples of glacial environments and landscapes that are drawn from a worldwide perspective. Informative knowledge boxes and case studies are included, helping users better understand critical issues and ideas. Provides the most complete reference concerning the study of glacial processes and their geological, sedimentological, and geomorphological products Comprised of chapters written by various geological experts from across the world Includes specific case studies to alert readers to important ideas and issues Uses text boxes throughout to explain key concepts from glacial literature Presents full color photographs, line diagrams, and tables throughout