Computing in the Social Sciences and Humanities


Author: Orville Vernon Burton

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252026850

Category: Reference

Page: 194

View: 4959

CD-ROm contains: Multimedia that provides unique approach to various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities -- Links to related resources.

Virtual Knowledge

Experimenting in the Humanities and the Social Sciences


Author: Paul Wouters,Anne Beaulieu,Andrea Scharnhorst,Sally Wyatt

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262517914

Category: Computers

Page: 262

View: 2421

Today we are witnessing dramatic changes in the way scientific and scholarlyknowledge is created, codified, and communicated. This transformation is connected to the use ofdigital technologies and the virtualization of knowledge. In this book, scholars from a range ofdisciplines consider just what, if anything, is new when knowledge is produced in new ways. Doesknowledge itself change when the tools of knowledge acquisition, representation, and distributionbecome digital? Issues of knowledge creation and dissemination go beyond thedevelopment and use of new computational tools. The book, which draws on work from the VirtualKnowledge Studio, brings together research on scientific practice, infrastructure, and technology.Focusing on issues of digital scholarship in the humanities and social sciences, the contributorsdiscuss who can be considered legitimate knowledge creators, the value of "invisible"labor, the role of data visualization in policy making, the visualization of uncertainty, theconceptualization of openness in scholarly communication, data floods in the social sciences, andhow expectations about future research shape research practices. The contributors combine anappreciation of the transformative power of the virtual with a commitment to the empirical study ofpractice and use. The hardcover edition does not include a dust jacket.

Research in Information Studies

A Cultural and Social Approach


Author: W. Bernard Lukenbill

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 146917961X

Category: Social Science

Page: 422

View: 750

Research is integrated into the whole fabric of modern-day society and culture. It affects our lives in so many waysfrom finding a job to knowing how to manage our health. Information studies designed to understand this array of information encompasses a wide expanse of disciplines. Many of these areas draw their philosophical and research bases from a mixture of disciplines within the social sciences and the humanities. This book takes a holistic view of these diverse areas and shows how they are united through the common thread of enhancing our knowledge of and understanding the world in which we all live.

Information Dissemination and Access in Russia and Eastern Europe

Problems and Solutions East and West


Author: Rachel Walker,Marcia Freed Taylor

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051994209

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 3295

Based on a NATO advanced research workshop held in August 1997 at the U. of Essex in Colchester, UK, these proceedings represent an international, interdisciplinary meta-discussion of the dissemination of machine-readable social science data in transitional societies. The first of the two dozen papers sets the agenda, overviewing the demand for data, the research and technological imperatives, policy underpinnings, costs, and issues of dissemination without access and access without dissemination. Some contributors address the broad context of data networking in a changing Europe, while others directly confront the Russian data infrastructure which requires tackling the center-periphery issue, setting database priorities, defining the statistician's role in a market as vs. planned economy, and providing greater Internet access. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Genre Theory in Information Studies


Author: Jack Andersen

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784412546

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 6120

This book highlights the important role genre theory plays within information studies. It illustrates how modern genre studies inform and enrich the study of information, and conversely how the study of information makes its own independent contributions to the study of genre.

Access to Information and Knowledge

21st Century Challenges in Intellectual Property and Knowledge Governance


Author: Dana Beldiman

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783470488

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 9479

Massive quantities of information are required to fuel the innovation process in a knowledge-based economy; a requirement that is in tension with intellectual property (IP) laws. Against this backdrop, leading thinkers in the IP arena explore the Šacce

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition


Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466658894

Category: Computers

Page: 10384

View: 1936

"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Advances in Librarianship


Author: Anne Woodsworth

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857247565

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 1043

Presents international research and professional issues in libraries, the information industry, education and development of information professionals. This title is suitable for practitioners, researchers, students and faculty members seeking literature and solutions to various issues in library and information science and related fields.

The Invisible User

User Needs Assessment for Library Public Services


Author: Patricia McCandless

Publisher: Association of Research Libr


Category: Academic libraries

Page: 47

View: 5095

World Wide Research

Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities


Author: William H. Dutton,Paul W. Jeffreys

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262513730

Category: Computers

Page: 382

View: 2267

Advances in information and communication technology are transforming the wayscholarly research is conducted across all disciplines. The use of increasingly powerful andversatile computer-based and networked systems promises to change research activity as profoundly asthe mobile phone, the Internet, and email have changed everyday life. This book offers acomprehensive and accessible view of the use of these new approaches--called"e-Research"--and their ethical, legal, and institutional implications. The contributors,leading scholars from a range of disciplines, focus on how e-Research is reshaping not only howresearch is done but also, and more important, its outcomes. By anchoring their discussion inspecific examples and case studies, they identify and analyze a promising set of practicaldevelopments and results associated with e-Research innovations. The contributors, who includeGeoffrey Bowker, Christine Borgman, Paul Edwards, Tim Berners-Lee, and Hal Abelson, explain why andhow e-Research activity can reconfigure access to networks of information, expertise, andexperience, changing what researchers observe, with whom they collaborate, how they shareinformation, what methods they use to report their findings, and what knowledge is required to dothis. They discuss both the means of e-Research (new research-centered computational networks) andits purpose (to improve the quality of world-wide research). William H. Dutton is Director of theOxford Internet Institute, Professor of Internet Studies, and Professorial Fellow of Balliol Collegeat the University of Oxford. Paul W. Jeffreys, formerly Director of the Oxford e-Research Centre, isDirector of IT at the University of Oxford, Professor of Computing, and Professorial Fellow of KebleCollege at the University of Oxford. The hardcover edition does not include a dustjacket.

Encyclopedia of Science and Technology Communication


Author: Susanna Hornig Priest

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 145226578X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1144

View: 3170

For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit In the academic world, the term "science communication" refers both to a set of professions (such as science journalism and public information work) and to an interdisciplinary scholarly research specialization. Much of this research is aimed at improving our understanding of the best ways to communicate complex information, especially to people who are not scientists. Science communication specialists are concerned with giving people useful information about health, environment, and technology – as well as science itself. In order to do this, we also need to improve our understanding of how people think, form opinions, and process information. Additionally, professional practitioners in science communication are engaged in strategic and ethical decisions every day, such as: How should reporters cover the issue of climate change? Should the views of scientists who do not believe that climate change has been caused by human activity be included alongside the views of those who do, in order to give a "balanced" story, or does this mislead the public into thinking that both of these positions are equally accepted within the scientific community? The Encyclopedia of Science and Technology Communication provides information on the entire range of interrelated issues in this interdisciplinary field in one place, along with clear suggestions on where to begin the search for more. Geared towards undergraduate and graduate students in journalism, communication, mass communication, and media studies, as well as towards working journalists, public information officers, and public relations specialists, this encyclopedia introduces this vast, fascinating field while challenging the reader to question assumptions inherent in communication across disciplinary boundaries. Key Themes Associations and Organizations Audiences, Opinions, and Effects Challenges, Issues, and Controversies Changing Awareness, Opinion, And Behavior Critical Influences and Events Global and International Aspects Government Agencies (US) History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science Important Figures Journal Publications Key Cases and Current Trends Law, Policy, Ethics, and Beliefs Major Infrastructural Initiatives Practices, Strategies, and Tools Professional Roles and Careers Public Engagement Approaches Theory and Research Venues and Channels

Open Access and its Practical Impact on the Work of Academic Librarians

Collection Development, Public Services, and the Library and Information Science Literature


Author: Laura Bowering Mullen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1780630220

Category: Education

Page: 254

View: 1622

This book is aimed at the practicing academic librarian, especially those working on the ‘front lines’ of reference, instruction, collection development, and other capacities that involve dealing directly with library patrons in a time of changing scholarly communication paradigms. The book looks at open access from the perspective of a practicing academic librarian and challenges fellow librarians to continue the dialogue about how the movement might be affecting day-to-day library work and the future of academic libraries. Written by a practicing academic librarian with many years experience in reference, as well as in collection development and faculty liaison roles Written with the “front-line academic librarian in mind from a practical point of view Contains numerous references to refer the reader to many open access resources; includes extensive footnotes for further reading

The Puzzle of India's Governance

Culture, Context and Comparative Theory


Author: Subrata Kumar Mitra

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415348614

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 896

India no longer gets an easy ride as the world's largest democracy. Spectacular terrorist attacks on its Parliament and places of worship, communal riots of unprecedented ferocity, lingering separatist insurgency and violent caste conflict in impoverished regions have combined to cause a closer appraisal of India's capacity to sustain the rule of law. This book shows how governance is high when people follow the rules of transaction, derived from binding custom, legislation, administrative practices and the constitution. The key question that underpins this analysis is why do some people, sometimes, follow rules and not others? This study responds to this central question by looking at analytical narratives of political order in six Indian regional States, surveys of social and political attitudes and extended interviews with political leaders, administrators and police officers. It shows how, by drawing on the logic of human ingenuity, driven by self interest rather than mechanical adherence to tradition and ideology, these regional elites can design institutions and promote security, welfare and identity which enhance governance.


Rhetoric Or Business Reality?


Author: Leslie Budd,Lisa Harris

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415339551

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 213

View: 5597

This rigorous text takes a critical view of the dot-com hype and considers the fundamental realities of the e-economy from a range of business perspectives.

Knowledge Machines

Digital Transformations of the Sciences and Humanities


Author: Eric T. Meyer,Ralph Schroeder

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028743

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9971

An examination of the ways that digital and networked technologies have fundamentally changed research practices in disciplines from astronomy to literary analysis.

Open Content Licensing

From Theory to Practice


Author: Lucie Guibault,Christina Angelopoulos

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089643079

Category: Law

Page: 295

View: 6195

Although open content licenses only account for a fraction of all copyright licenses currently enforced in the world, their introduction has had profound effects on the use and dissemination of information. This book explores the theoretical underpinnings of these licenses and offers insight on the practical advantages and inconveniences of their use. The essays collected here include an objective study of the principles of open content from the perspective of European intellectual property law as well as novel examinations of their possible implementation in different areas of the cultural or information industry.

House of Commons - Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Open Access - HC 99-I

Fifth Report of Session 2013-14, Vol. 1: Report, Together with Formal Minutes, Oral and Written Evidence


Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Business, Innovation and Skills Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215061829

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 180

View: 6184

The Government's commitment to increasing access to published research findings and its desire to achieve full open access are welcomed in this report from the Business, Innovation and Skills Committee. However, whilst Gold open access - where authors publish their articles in an open access journal that provides free immediate open access to all of its articles on the publisher's website - is a desirable ultimate goal, focusing on it during the transition to a fully open access world is a mistake. The Government and Research Council UK should reconsider their preference for Gold open access during the five year transition period, and give due regard to the evidence of the vital role that Green open access and repositories have to play as the UK moves towards full open access. (Authors opting for Green open access publish in any subscription journal, and then make their peer-reviewed final draft freely accessible online by self-archiving or depositing the article in a repository (either institutional or disciplinary) upon acceptance for publication.) Other recommendations include: promotion of standardisation and compliance across subject and institutional repositories; mitigation against the impact on universities of paying Article Processing Charges out of their own reserves; introduce a reduced VAT rate for e-journals; non-disclosure clauses should not be used in publishing contracts that include the use of public funds; BIS must review its consultation processes to ensure that lessons are learned from the lack of involvement of businesses, particularly SMEs, in the formation of open access policy