Access Control, Security, and Trust

A Logical Approach

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Author: Shiu-Kai Chin,Susan Beth Older

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584888636

Category: Computers

Page: 351

View: 635

Developed from the authors’ courses at Syracuse University and the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Access Control, Security, and Trust: A Logical Approach equips readers with an access control logic they can use to specify and verify their security designs. Throughout the text, the authors use a single access control logic based on a simple propositional modal logic. The first part of the book presents the syntax and semantics of access control logic, basic access control concepts, and an introduction to confidentiality and integrity policies. The second section covers access control in networks, delegation, protocols, and the use of cryptography. In the third section, the authors focus on hardware and virtual machines. The final part discusses confidentiality, integrity, and role-based access control. Taking a logical, rigorous approach to access control, this book shows how logic is a useful tool for analyzing security designs and spelling out the conditions upon which access control decisions depend. It is designed for computer engineers and computer scientists who are responsible for designing, implementing, and verifying secure computer and information systems.

Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition

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Author: Jonathan Katz,Yehuda Lindell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146657027X

Category: Computers

Page: 603

View: 1940

Cryptography is ubiquitous and plays a key role in ensuring data secrecy and integrity as well as in securing computer systems more broadly. Introduction to Modern Cryptography provides a rigorous yet accessible treatment of this fascinating subject. The authors introduce the core principles of modern cryptography, with an emphasis on formal definitions, clear assumptions, and rigorous proofs of security. The book begins by focusing on private-key cryptography, including an extensive treatment of private-key encryption, message authentication codes, and hash functions. The authors also present design principles for widely used stream ciphers and block ciphers including RC4, DES, and AES, plus provide provable constructions of stream ciphers and block ciphers from lower-level primitives. The second half of the book covers public-key cryptography, beginning with a self-contained introduction to the number theory needed to understand the RSA, Diffie-Hellman, and El Gamal cryptosystems (and others), followed by a thorough treatment of several standardized public-key encryption and digital signature schemes. Integrating a more practical perspective without sacrificing rigor, this widely anticipated Second Edition offers improved treatment of: Stream ciphers and block ciphers, including modes of operation and design principles Authenticated encryption and secure communication sessions Hash functions, including hash-function applications and design principles Attacks on poorly implemented cryptography, including attacks on chained-CBC encryption, padding-oracle attacks, and timing attacks The random-oracle model and its application to several standardized, widely used public-key encryption and signature schemes Elliptic-curve cryptography and associated standards such as DSA/ECDSA and DHIES/ECIES Containing updated exercises and worked examples, Introduction to Modern Cryptography, Second Edition can serve as a textbook for undergraduate- or graduate-level courses in cryptography, a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners, or a general introduction suitable for self-study.

Guide to Pairing-Based Cryptography

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Author: Nadia El Mrabet,Marc Joye

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498729517

Category: Computers

Page: 420

View: 8163

This book is devoted to efficient pairing computations and implementations, useful tools for cryptographers working on topics like identity-based cryptography and the simplification of existing protocols like signature schemes. As well as exploring the basic mathematical background of finite fields and elliptic curves, Guide to Pairing-Based Cryptography offers an overview of the most recent developments in optimizations for pairing implementation. Each chapter includes a presentation of the problem it discusses, the mathematical formulation, a discussion of implementation issues, solutions accompanied by code or pseudocode, several numerical results, and references to further reading and notes. Intended as a self-contained handbook, this book is an invaluable resource for computer scientists, applied mathematicians and security professionals interested in cryptography.

Communication System Security

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Author: Lidong Chen,Guang Gong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439840369

Category: Computers

Page: 750

View: 1738

Helping current and future system designers take a more productive approach in the field, Communication System Security shows how to apply security principles to state-of-the-art communication systems. The authors use previous design failures and security flaws to explain common pitfalls in security design. Divided into four parts, the book begins with the necessary background on practical cryptography primitives. This part describes pseudorandom sequence generators, stream and block ciphers, hash functions, and public-key cryptographic algorithms. The second part covers security infrastructure support and the main subroutine designs for establishing protected communications. The authors illustrate design principles through network security protocols, including transport layer security (TLS), Internet security protocols (IPsec), the secure shell (SSH), and cellular solutions. Taking an evolutionary approach to security in today’s telecommunication networks, the third part discusses general access authentication protocols, the protocols used for UMTS/LTE, the protocols specified in IETF, and the wireless-specific protection mechanisms for the air link of UMTS/LTE and IEEE 802.11. It also covers key establishment and authentication in broadcast and multicast scenarios. Moving on to system security, the last part introduces the principles and practice of a trusted platform for communication devices. The authors detail physical-layer security as well as spread-spectrum techniques for anti-jamming attacks. With much of the material used by the authors in their courses and drawn from their industry experiences, this book is appropriate for a wide audience, from engineering, computer science, and mathematics students to engineers, designers, and computer scientists. Illustrating security principles with existing protocols, the text helps readers understand the principles and practice of security analysis.

Algorithmic Cryptanalysis

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Author: Antoine Joux

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070033

Category: Computers

Page: 520

View: 7655

Illustrating the power of algorithms, Algorithmic Cryptanalysis describes algorithmic methods with cryptographically relevant examples. Focusing on both private- and public-key cryptographic algorithms, it presents each algorithm either as a textual description, in pseudo-code, or in a C code program. Divided into three parts, the book begins with a short introduction to cryptography and a background chapter on elementary number theory and algebra. It then moves on to algorithms, with each chapter in this section dedicated to a single topic and often illustrated with simple cryptographic applications. The final part addresses more sophisticated cryptographic applications, including LFSR-based stream ciphers and index calculus methods. Accounting for the impact of current computer architectures, this book explores the algorithmic and implementation aspects of cryptanalysis methods. It can serve as a handbook of algorithmic methods for cryptographers as well as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses on cryptanalysis and cryptography.

Hardware Security

Design, Threats, and Safeguards

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Author: Debdeep Mukhopadhyay,Rajat Subhra Chakraborty

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895848

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 6393

Beginning with an introduction to cryptography, Hardware Security: Design, Threats, and Safeguards explains the underlying mathematical principles needed to design complex cryptographic algorithms. It then presents efficient cryptographic algorithm implementation methods, along with state-of-the-art research and strategies for the design of very large scale integrated (VLSI) circuits and symmetric cryptosystems, complete with examples of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) ciphers, asymmetric ciphers, and elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). Gain a Comprehensive Understanding of Hardware Security—from Fundamentals to Practical Applications Since most implementations of standard cryptographic algorithms leak information that can be exploited by adversaries to gather knowledge about secret encryption keys, Hardware Security: Design, Threats, and Safeguards: Details algorithmic- and circuit-level countermeasures for attacks based on power, timing, fault, cache, and scan chain analysis Describes hardware intellectual property piracy and protection techniques at different levels of abstraction based on watermarking Discusses hardware obfuscation and physically unclonable functions (PUFs), as well as Trojan modeling, taxonomy, detection, and prevention Design for Security and Meet Real-Time Requirements If you consider security as critical a metric for integrated circuits (ICs) as power, area, and performance, you’ll embrace the design-for-security methodology of Hardware Security: Design, Threats, and Safeguards.

Secure Data Provenance and Inference Control with Semantic Web

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Author: Bhavani Thuraisingham,Tyrone Cadenhead,Murat Kantarcioglu,Vaibhav Khadilkar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466569441

Category: Computers

Page: 478

View: 8524

With an ever-increasing amount of information on the web, it is critical to understand the pedigree, quality, and accuracy of your data. Using provenance, you can ascertain the quality of data based on its ancestral data and derivations, track back to sources of errors, allow automatic re-enactment of derivations to update data, and provide attribution of the data source. Secure Data Provenance and Inference Control with Semantic Web supplies step-by-step instructions on how to secure the provenance of your data to make sure it is safe from inference attacks. It details the design and implementation of a policy engine for provenance of data and presents case studies that illustrate solutions in a typical distributed health care system for hospitals. Although the case studies describe solutions in the health care domain, you can easily apply the methods presented in the book to a range of other domains. The book describes the design and implementation of a policy engine for provenance and demonstrates the use of Semantic Web technologies and cloud computing technologies to enhance the scalability of solutions. It covers Semantic Web technologies for the representation and reasoning of the provenance of the data and provides a unifying framework for securing provenance that can help to address the various criteria of your information systems. Illustrating key concepts and practical techniques, the book considers cloud computing technologies that can enhance the scalability of solutions. After reading this book you will be better prepared to keep up with the on-going development of the prototypes, products, tools, and standards for secure data management, secure Semantic Web, secure web services, and secure cloud computing.

Web and Information Security

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Author: Ferrari, Elena

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591405904

Category: Computers

Page: 318

View: 3079

"This book covers basic concepts of web and information system security and provides new insights into the semantic web field and its related security challenges"--Provided by publisher.

Network and System Security

11th International Conference, NSS 2017, Helsinki, Finland, August 21–23, 2017, Proceedings

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Author: Zheng Yan,Refik Molva,Wojciech Mazurczyk,Raimo Kantola

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319647016

Category: Computers

Page: 762

View: 4956

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Network and System Security, NSS 2017, held in Helsinki, Finland, in August 2017. The 24 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 83 initial submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on Cloud and IoT Security; Network Security; Platform and Hardware Security; Crypto and Others; and Authentication and Key Management. This volume also contains 35 contributions of the following workshops: Security Measurements of Cyber Networks (SMCN-2017); Security in Big Data (SECBD-2017); 5G Security and Machine Learning (IW5GS-2017); of the Internet of Everything (SECIOE-2017).

Information Assurance

Dependability and Security in Networked Systems

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Author: Yi Qian,David Tipper,Prashant Krishnamurthy,James Joshi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080555881

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 643

In today’s fast paced, infocentric environment, professionals increasingly rely on networked information technology to do business. Unfortunately, with the advent of such technology came new and complex problems that continue to threaten the availability, integrity, and confidentiality of our electronic information. It is therefore absolutely imperative to take measures to protect and defend information systems by ensuring their security and non-repudiation. Information Assurance skillfully addresses this issue by detailing the sufficient capacity networked systems need to operate while under attack, and itemizing failsafe design features such as alarms, restoration protocols, and management configurations to detect problems and automatically diagnose and respond. Moreover, this volume is unique in providing comprehensive coverage of both state-of-the-art survivability and security techniques, and the manner in which these two components interact to build robust Information Assurance (IA). The first and (so far) only book to combine coverage of both security AND survivability in a networked information technology setting Leading industry and academic researchers provide state-of-the-art survivability and security techniques and explain how these components interact in providing information assurance Additional focus on security and survivability issues in wireless networks

Platform Embedded Security Technology Revealed

Safeguarding the Future of Computing with Intel Embedded Security and Management Engine

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Author: Xiaoyu Ruan

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1430265728

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 8673

Platform Embedded Security Technology Revealed is an in-depth introduction to Intel’s platform embedded solution: the security and management engine. The engine is shipped inside most Intel platforms for servers, personal computers, tablets, and smartphones. The engine realizes advanced security and management functionalities and protects applications’ secrets and users’ privacy in a secure, light-weight, and inexpensive way. Besides native built-in features, it allows third-party software vendors to develop applications that take advantage of the security infrastructures offered by the engine. Intel’s security and management engine is technologically unique and significant, but is largely unknown to many members of the tech communities who could potentially benefit from it. Platform Embedded Security Technology Revealed reveals technical details of the engine. The engine provides a new way for the computer security industry to resolve critical problems resulting from booming mobile technologies, such as increasing threats against confidentiality and privacy. This book describes how this advanced level of protection is made possible by the engine, how it can improve users’ security experience, and how third-party vendors can make use of it. It's written for computer security professionals and researchers; embedded system engineers; and software engineers and vendors who are interested in developing new security applications on top of Intel’s security and management engine. It’s also written for advanced users who are interested in understanding how the security features of Intel’s platforms work.

Cryptanalysis of RSA and Its Variants

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Author: M. Jason Hinek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420075187

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 2276

Thirty years after RSA was first publicized, it remains an active research area. Although several good surveys exist, they are either slightly outdated or only focus on one type of attack. Offering an updated look at this field, Cryptanalysis of RSA and Its Variants presents the best known mathematical attacks on RSA and its main variants, including CRT-RSA, multi-prime RSA, and multi-power RSA. Divided into three parts, the book first introduces RSA and reviews the mathematical background needed for the majority of attacks described in the remainder of the text. It then brings together all of the most popular mathematical attacks on RSA and its variants. For each attack presented, the author includes a mathematical proof if possible or a mathematical justification for attacks that rely on assumptions. For the attacks that cannot be proven, he gives experimental evidence to illustrate their practical effectiveness. Focusing on mathematical attacks that exploit the structure of RSA and specific parameter choices, this book provides an up-to-date collection of the most well-known attacks, along with details of the attacks. It facilitates an understanding of the cryptanalysis of public-key cryptosystems, applications of lattice basis reduction, and the security of RSA and its variants.

Contemporary Cryptography, Second Edition

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Author: Rolf Oppliger

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608071456

Category: Computers

Page: 571

View: 5379

Whether you're new to the field or looking to broaden your knowledge of contemporary cryptography, this newly revised edition of an Artech House classic puts all aspects of this important topic into perspective. Delivering an accurate introduction to the current state-of-the-art in modern cryptography, the book offers you an in-depth understanding of essential tools and applications to help you with your daily work. The second edition has been reorganized and expanded, providing mathematical fundamentals and important cryptography principles in the appropriate appendixes, rather than summarized at the beginning of the book. Now you find all the details you need to fully master the material in the relevant sections. This allows you to quickly delve into the practical information you need for your projects. Covering unkeyed, secret key, and public key cryptosystems, this authoritative reference gives you solid working knowledge of the latest and most critical concepts, techniques, and systems in contemporary cryptography. Additionally, the book is supported with over 720 equations, more than 60 illustrations, and numerous time-saving URLs that connect you to websites with related information.

Distributed Networks

Intelligence, Security, and Applications

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Author: Qurban A. Memon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351832107

Category: Computers

Page: 412

View: 9194

For many civilian, security, and military applications, distributed and networked coordination offers a more promising alternative to centralized command and control in terms of scalability, flexibility, and robustness. It also introduces its own challenges. Distributed Networks: Intelligence, Security, and Applications brings together scientific research in distributed network intelligence, security, and novel applications. The book presents recent trends and advances in the theory and applications of network intelligence and helps you understand how to successfully incorporate them into distributed systems and services. Featuring contributions by leading scholars and experts from around the world, this collection covers: Approaches for distributed network intelligence Distributed models for distributed enterprises, including forecasting and performance measurement models Security applications for distributed enterprises, including intrusion tackling and peer-to-peer traffic detection Future wireless networking scenarios, including the use of software sensors instead of hardware sensors Emerging enterprise applications and trends such as the smartOR standard and innovative concepts for human–machine interaction in the operating room Several chapters use a tutorial style to emphasize the development process behind complex distributed networked systems and services, which highlights the difficulties of knowledge engineering of such systems. Delving into novel concepts, theories, and advanced technologies, this book offers inspiration for further research and development in distributed computing and networking, especially related to security solutions for distributed environments.

Handbook on Soft Computing for Video Surveillance

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Author: Sankar K. Pal,Alfredo Petrosino,Lucia Maddalena

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439856842

Category: Mathematics

Page: 342

View: 696

Information on integrating soft computing techniques into video surveillance is widely scattered among conference papers, journal articles, and books. Bringing this research together in one source, Handbook on Soft Computing for Video Surveillance illustrates the application of soft computing techniques to different tasks in video surveillance. Worldwide experts in the field present novel solutions to video surveillance problems and discuss future trends. After an introduction to video surveillance systems and soft computing tools, the book gives examples of neural network-based approaches for solving video surveillance tasks and describes summarization techniques for content identification. Covering a broad spectrum of video surveillance topics, the remaining chapters explain how soft computing techniques are used to detect moving objects, track objects, and classify and recognize target objects. The book also explores advanced surveillance systems under development. Incorporating both existing and new ideas, this handbook unifies the basic concepts, theories, algorithms, and applications of soft computing. It demonstrates why and how soft computing methodologies can be used in various video surveillance problems.

Wireless Security and Cryptography

Specifications and Implementations

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Author: Nicolas Sklavos,Xinmiao Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351838091

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 9964

As the use of wireless devices becomes widespread, so does the need for strong and secure transport protocols. Even with this intensified need for securing systems, using cryptography does not seem to be a viable solution due to difficulties in implementation. The security layers of many wireless protocols use outdated encryption algorithms, which have proven unsuitable for hardware usage, particularly with handheld devices. Summarizing key issues involved in achieving desirable performance in security implementations, Wireless Security and Cryptography: Specifications and Implementations focuses on alternative integration approaches for wireless communication security. It gives an overview of the current security layer of wireless protocols and presents the performance characteristics of implementations in both software and hardware. This resource also presents efficient and novel methods to execute security schemes in wireless protocols with high performance. It provides the state of the art research trends in implementations of wireless protocol security for current and future wireless communications. Unique in its coverage of specification and implementation concerns that include hardware design techniques, Wireless Security and Cryptography: Specifications and Implementations provides thorough coverage of wireless network security and recent research directions in the field.

Ubiquitous Computing Fundamentals

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Author: John Krumm

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420093612

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 7520

"...a must-read text that provides a historical lens to see how ubicomp has matured into a multidisciplinary endeavor. It will be an essential reference to researchers and those who want to learn more about this evolving field." -From the Foreword, Professor Gregory D. Abowd, Georgia Institute of Technology First introduced two decades ago, the term ubiquitous computing is now part of the common vernacular. Ubicomp, as it is commonly called, has grown not just quickly but broadly so as to encompass a wealth of concepts and technology that serves any number of purposes across all of human endeavor. While such growth is positive, the newest generation of ubicomp practitioners and researchers, isolated to specific tasks, are in danger of losing their sense of history and the broader perspective that has been so essential to the field’s creativity and brilliance. Under the guidance of John Krumm, an original ubicomp pioneer, Ubiquitous Computing Fundamentals brings together eleven ubiquitous computing trailblazers who each report on his or her area of expertise. Starting with a historical introduction, the book moves on to summarize a number of self-contained topics. Taking a decidedly human perspective, the book includes discussion on how to observe people in their natural environments and evaluate the critical points where ubiquitous computing technologies can improve their lives. Among a range of topics this book examines: How to build an infrastructure that supports ubiquitous computing applications Privacy protection in systems that connect personal devices and personal information Moving from the graphical to the ubiquitous computing user interface Techniques that are revolutionizing the way we determine a person’s location and understand other sensor measurements While we needn’t become expert in every sub-discipline of ubicomp, it is necessary that we appreciate all the perspectives that make up the field and understand how our work can influence and be influenced by those perspectives. This is important, if we are to encourage future generations to be as successfully innovative as the field’s originators.

Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques

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Author: Jiawei Han,Jian Pei,Micheline Kamber

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123814807

Category: Computers

Page: 744

View: 2100

Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques provides the concepts and techniques in processing gathered data or information, which will be used in various applications. Specifically, it explains data mining and the tools used in discovering knowledge from the collected data. This book is referred as the knowledge discovery from data (KDD). It focuses on the feasibility, usefulness, effectiveness, and scalability of techniques of large data sets. After describing data mining, this edition explains the methods of knowing, preprocessing, processing, and warehousing data. It then presents information about data warehouses, online analytical processing (OLAP), and data cube technology. Then, the methods involved in mining frequent patterns, associations, and correlations for large data sets are described. The book details the methods for data classification and introduces the concepts and methods for data clustering. The remaining chapters discuss the outlier detection and the trends, applications, and research frontiers in data mining. This book is intended for Computer Science students, application developers, business professionals, and researchers who seek information on data mining. Presents dozens of algorithms and implementation examples, all in pseudo-code and suitable for use in real-world, large-scale data mining projects Addresses advanced topics such as mining object-relational databases, spatial databases, multimedia databases, time-series databases, text databases, the World Wide Web, and applications in several fields Provides a comprehensive, practical look at the concepts and techniques you need to get the most out of your data

Group Theoretic Cryptography

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Author: Maria Isabel González Vasco,Rainer Steinwandt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584888377

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 8497

Group theoretic problems have propelled scientific achievements across a wide range of fields, including mathematics, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences. Many cryptographic constructions exploit the computational hardness of group theoretical problems, and the area is viewed as a potential source of quantum-resilient cryptographic primitives for the future. Group Theoretic Cryptography supplies an ideal introduction to cryptography for those who are interested in group theory and want to learn about the possible interplays between the two fields. Assuming an undergraduate-level understanding of linear algebra and discrete mathematics, it details the specifics of using non-Abelian groups in the field of cryptography. Moreover, the book evidences how group theoretic techniques help us gain new insight into well known, seemingly unrelated, cryptographic constructions, such as DES. The book starts with brief overviews of the fundamentals of group theory, complexity theory, and cryptography. Part two is devoted to public-key encryption, including provable security guarantees, public-key encryption in the standard model, and public-key encryption using infinite groups. The third part of the book covers secret-key encryption. It examines block ciphers, like the Advanced Encryption Standard, and cryptographic hash functions and message authentication codes. The last part delves into a number of cryptographic applications which are nowadays as relevant as encryption—identification protocols, key establishment, and signature schemes are covered. The book supplies formal security analyses and highlights potential vulnerabilities for cryptographic constructions involving group theory. Summaries and references for further reading, as well as exercises, are included at the end of each chapter. Selected solutions for exercises are provided in the back of the book.

Innovations in Federal Statistics

Combining Data Sources While Protecting Privacy

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Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Improving Federal Statistics for Policy and Social Science Research Using Multiple Data Sources and State-of-the-Art Estimation Methods

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030945428X

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 7330

Federal government statistics provide critical information to the country and serve a key role in a democracy. For decades, sample surveys with instruments carefully designed for particular data needs have been one of the primary methods for collecting data for federal statistics. However, the costs of conducting such surveys have been increasing while response rates have been declining, and many surveys are not able to fulfill growing demands for more timely information and for more detailed information at state and local levels. Innovations in Federal Statistics examines the opportunities and risks of using government administrative and private sector data sources to foster a paradigm shift in federal statistical programs that would combine diverse data sources in a secure manner to enhance federal statistics. This first publication of a two-part series discusses the challenges faced by the federal statistical system and the foundational elements needed for a new paradigm.