Abortion Politics in Congress

Strategic Incrementalism and Policy Change

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Author: Scott H. Ainsworth,Thad E. Hall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139494368

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1741

This book examines how legislators have juggled their passions over abortion with standard congressional procedures, looking at how both external factors (such as public opinion) and internal factors (such as the ideological composition of committees and party systems) shape the development of abortion policy. Driven by both theoretical and empirical concerns, Scott H. Ainsworth and Thad E. Hall present a simple, formal model of strategic incrementalism, illustrating that legislators often have incentives to alter policy incrementally. They then examine the sponsorship of abortion-related proposals as well as their committee referral and find that a wide range of Democratic and Republican legislators repeatedly offer abortion-related proposals designed to alter abortion policy incrementally. Abortion Politics in Congress reveals that abortion debates have permeated a wide range of issues and that a wide range of legislators and a large number of committees address abortion.

Congress and the Politics of Problem Solving

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Author: E. Scott Adler,John D. Wilkerson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619950

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5064

How do issues end up on the agenda? Why do lawmakers routinely invest in program oversight and broad policy development? What considerations drive legislative policy change? For many, Congress is an institution consumed by partisan bickering and gridlock. Yet the institution's long history of addressing significant societal problems - even in recent years - seems to contradict this view. Congress and the Politics of Problem Solving argues that the willingness of many voters to hold elected officials accountable for societal conditions is central to appreciating why Congress responds to problems despite the many reasons mustered for why it cannot. The authors show that, across decades of policy making, problem-solving motivations explain why bipartisanship is a common pattern of congressional behavior and offer the best explanation for legislative issue attention and policy change.

American Political Culture: An Encyclopedia [3 volumes]

An Encyclopedia

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Author: Mark J. Rozell,Ted G. Jelen

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610693787

Category: Political Science

Page: 1311

View: 3555

This all-encompassing encyclopedia provides a broad perspective on U.S. politics, culture, and society, but also goes beyond the facts to consider the myths, ideals, and values that help shape and define the nation. • Offers approximately 225 entries covering U.S. politics, culture, society, and beliefs • Includes an introductory overview of the forces that have shaped and continue to shape American political culture and a concluding essay that gathers key thematic threads and looks toward the future • Covers the myriad ways in which American political culture influences other aspects of American society • Examines how cultural symbols and beliefs are manipulated to advance political interests and establish government authority • Connects new issues such as social media and sexual politics with the political culture

Interest Group Politics

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Author: Allan J. Cigler,Burdett A. Loomis,Anthony J. Nownes

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483374920

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 7255

With its broad spectrum of scholarship on interest groups past and present, Interest Group Politics brings together noted political scientists to provide comprehensive coverage and cutting-edge research on the role and impact of interest groups in U.S. politics, all geared to an undergraduate audience. In the wake of the Citizens United decision and the growth of lobbying into a multi-billion dollar industry, this trusted classic provides students with a guide to the influence and reach of interest groups. The Ninth Edition offers 15 new contributions on a variety of topics including organized labor, the LGBT movement, religious lobbying, the Tea Party, the tobacco industry, the role of “dark money” in campaign funding, the profession of lobbying, and advocacy and inequality. Each chapter is written by an expert in the field and carefully edited for clarity and cohesion by the editors Allan J Cigler, Burdett A. Loomis, and Anthony J. Nownes.

Lobbying and Policymaking

The Public Pursuit of Private Interests

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Author: Kenneth Godwin,Scott H. Ainsworth,Erik Godwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452289344

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 658

Built on interviews with over 100 lobbyists, Kenneth Godwin, Scott Ainsworth, and Erik Godwin show that much of the research on organized interests overlooks the lobbying of regulatory agencies even though it accounts for almost half of all lobbying—even though bureaucratic agencies have considerable leeway in the how they choose to implement law. This groundbreaking new book argues that lobbying activity is not mainly a struggle among competing interests over highly collective goods; rather, it's the public provision of private goods. Through a series of highly readable case studies, the authors employ both neopluralist and exchange perspectives to explore the lobbying activity that occurs in the later stages of the policymaking process which are typically less partisan, involve little conflict, and receive scant public attention. Lobbying and Policymaking: The Public Pursuit of Primvate Interests is an ideal way to expose students to cutting-edge research in an accessible, fascinating package.

The European Union and Democracy Promotion

A Critical Global Assessment

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Author: Richard Youngs

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801897320

Category: Law

Page: 206

View: 9128

The European Union has made firm commitments to democratic reforms and human rights initiatives around the world. This volume examines and evaluates the efficacy of these efforts. Individual case studies review the background and discuss the current state of initiatives in Eastern Europe, the Balkans, the Ukraine, Central Asia, Morocco, Iraq and the Persian Gulf, and Nigeria. The contributors identify lessons from each instance and offer concrete policy recommendations for strengthening the EU's efforts to promote democracy. Together, these assessments show that EU member states are less invested in promoting political change in third world nations, suggesting that the EU is failing to live up to its ideals. Designed to spur debate on how to incorporate democracy and human rights initiatives into the mainstream foreign policy of the EU and its member states, this study challenges the standard view that the EU has established itself as a distinctive normative power.

Abortion and American Politics

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Author: Barbara Hinkson Craig,David M. O'Brien

Publisher: Chatham House Pub

ISBN: 9780934540896

Category: Political Science

Page: 382

View: 8115

Discusses the political and legal debate over abortion in the United States

Safe, legal, and unavailable?

abortion politics in the United States

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Author: Melody Rose

Publisher: Cq Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 1938

Rights and Retrenchment

The Counterrevolution against Federal Litigation

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Author: Stephen B. Burbank,Sean Farhang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110818409X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1938

This groundbreaking book contributes to an emerging literature that examines responses to the rights revolution that unfolded in the United States during the 1960s and 1970s. Using original archival evidence and data, Stephen B. Burbank and Sean Farhang identify the origins of the counterrevolution against private enforcement of federal law in the first Reagan Administration. They then measure the counterrevolution's trajectory in the elected branches, court rulemaking, and the Supreme Court, evaluate its success in those different lawmaking sites, and test key elements of their argument. Finally, the authors leverage an institutional perspective to explain a striking variation in their results: although the counterrevolution largely failed in more democratic lawmaking sites, in a long series of cases little noticed by the public, an increasingly conservative and ideologically polarized Supreme Court has transformed federal law, making it less friendly, if not hostile, to the enforcement of rights through lawsuits.

The Politics of State Feminism

Innovation in Comparative Research

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Author: Dorothy E. McBride,Amy G. Mazur

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1439902097

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 7799

The Politics of State Feminism addresses essential questions of women's movement activism and political change in western democracies. The authors—top gender and politics scholars—provide a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of government agencies and women's movements regarding women’s policy issues—if, how, and why they form a kind of state feminism. The central research questions are examined across five issue areas in thirteen postindustrial democracies in Europe and North America from the 1960s through the early 2000s. The authors explore a range of topics drawn from contemporary theory, interactions between descriptive and substantive representation, and the place of institutions in democratic change. Using the innovative qualitative and quantitative methods employed by the Research Network on Gender Politics and the State, the authors have developed a new body of theories about the role of state feminism and how it can help further women’s rights.

American Justice 2016

The Political Supreme Court

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Author: Lincoln Caplan

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081229372X

Category: Law

Page: 188

View: 7237

When the Democrat-appointed Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg criticized Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, she triggered concerns about judicial ethics. But the political concerns were even more serious. The Supreme Court is supposed to be what Alexander Hamilton called "the least dangerous" branch of government, because it is the least political. Justices have lifetime appointments to ensure their "complete independence" when deciding cases and controversies. But in the Roberts Court's most contested and important rulings, it has divided along partisan lines for the first time in American history: Republican presidents appointed the conservatives, Democrats appointed the liberals. Justice Ginsburg's criticisms suggested that partisan politics drive the Court's most profound disagreements. Well-respected political science supports that view. Has this partisan turn made the Court less independent and less trustworthy than the nation requires? The term ending in 2016 included more decisions and developments in almost fifty years for analyzing this question. Among them were major cases about abortion rights, the death penalty, immigration, and other wedge issues, as well as the death of Justice Antonin G. Scalia, leaving the Court evenly divided between conservatives and liberals. Legal journalist Lincoln Caplan dissects the recent term, puts it in historical context, and recommends ways to strengthen trust in the Supreme Court as the pinnacle of the American constitutional system.

The Politics of Evidence

From evidence-based policy to the good governance of evidence

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Author: Justin Parkhurst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131738086X

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 6851

There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective. Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns. Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas. Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.

Women and politics

activism, attitudes and office-holding

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Author: Gwen Moore,Glenna D. Spitze

Publisher: Jai Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4040

Lobbying and Policy Change

Who Wins, Who Loses, and Why

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Author: Frank R. Baumgartner,Jeffrey M. Berry,Marie Hojnacki,Beth L. Leech,David C. Kimball

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226039463

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3508

During the 2008 election season, politicians from both sides of the aisle promised to rid government of lobbyists’ undue influence. For the authors of Lobbying and Policy Change, the most extensive study ever done on the topic, these promises ring hollow—not because politicians fail to keep them but because lobbies are far less influential than political rhetoric suggests. Based on a comprehensive examination of ninety-eight issues, this volume demonstrates that sixty percent of recent lobbying campaigns failed to change policy despite millions of dollars spent trying. Why? The authors find that resources explain less than five percent of the difference between successful and unsuccessful efforts. Moreover, they show, these attempts must overcome an entrenched Washington system with a tremendous bias in favor of the status quo. Though elected officials and existing policies carry more weight, lobbies have an impact too, and when advocates for a given issue finally succeed, policy tends to change significantly. The authors argue, however, that the lobbying community so strongly reflects elite interests that it will not fundamentally alter the balance of power unless its makeup shifts dramatically in favor of average Americans’ concerns.

Analyzing Interest Groups

Group Influence on People and Policies

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Author: Scott H. Ainsworth

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393977080

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 9656

Analyzing Interest Groups explores the various contexts in which interest groups operate (from each branch of government to electoral and grassroots politics) and offers a wide range of examples (from the experiences of early farm groups, to the modern experiences of groups like the NAACP, Greenpeace, and the NRA), providing knowledge necessary to analyze these groups.

Mainstreaming Politics

Gendering Practices and Feminist Theory

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Author: Carol Lee Bacchi,Joan Eveline

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 0980672384

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6502

This book offers an innovative rethinking of policy approaches to 'gender equality' and of the process of social change. It brings several new chapters together with a series of previously published articles to reflect on these topics. A particular focus is gender mainstreaming, a relatively recent development in equality policy in many industrialised and some industrialising countries, as well as in large international organisations such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the International Labour Organization. The book draws upon poststructuralist organisation and policy theory to argue that it is impossible to 'script' reform initiatives such as gender mainstreaming. As an alternative it recommends thinking about such policy developments as fields of contestation, shaped by on-the-ground political deliberations and practices, including the discursive practices that produce specific ways of understanding the 'problem' of 'gender inequality'. In addition to the new chapters the editors Bacchi and Eveline produce brief introductions for each chapter, tracing the development of their ideas over four years. Through these commentaries the book provides exciting insights into the complex processes of collaboration and theory generation. Mainstreaming Politics is a rich resource for both practitioners in the field and for theorists. In particular it will appeal to those interested in public policy, public administration, organisation studies, sociology, comparative politics and international studies.

Making Health Policy

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Author: Buse, Kent,Mays, Nicholas,Walt, Gill

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335246346

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 1694

Used across the public health field, this is the leading text in the area, focusing on the context, participants and processes of making health policy.

Civil Society and Political Change in Asia

Expanding and Contracting Democratic Space

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Author: Muthiah Alagappa

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804750974

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8672

A systematic investigation of the connection between civil society and political change in Asia - change toward open, participatory, and accountable politics. Its findings suggest that the link between a vibrant civil society and democracy is indeterminate: certain civil society organizations support democracy; thers could undermine it.

Interdisciplinary Views on Abortion

Essays from Philosophical, Sociological, Anthropological, Political, Health and Other Perspectives

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Author: Susan A. Martinelli-Fernandez,Lori Baker-Sperry,Heather McIlvaine-Newsad

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786453214

Category: Social Science

Page: 223

View: 6024

"The first essays set forth sociological, medical, and political points of view, discussing the abortion debate along with various abortion methods. The next essay serves as a bridge to the remaining essays. The remaining essays examine a study of The Cider House Rules; the biological and theological concerns; a case study of abortion; and a feminist Kantian perspective"--Provided by publisher.