A Theory of Justice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John RAWLS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674017726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 607

View: 7099

In this book, Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition - justice as fairness - and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls's theory is as powerful today as it was when first published, in 1971.

A Theory of Justice for Animals

Animal Rights in a Nonideal World

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Garner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199936315

Category: Nature

Page: 197

View: 3662

This innovative book is the first to couch the debate about animals in the language of justice, and the first to develop both ideal and nonideal theories of justice for animals. It rejects the abolitionist animal rights position in favor of a revised version of animal rights centering on sentience.

Place-making and Urban Development

New challenges for contemporary planning and design

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Pier Carlo Palermo,Davide Ponzini

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134632614

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 9966

The regeneration of critical urban areas through the redesign of public space with the intense involvement of local communities seems to be the central focus of place-making according to some widespread practices in academic and professional circles. Recently, new expertise maintains that place-making could be an innovative and potentially autonomous field, competing with more traditional disciplines like urban planning, urban design, architecture and others. This book affirms that the question of 'making better places for people' should be understood in a broader sense, as a symptom of the non-contingent limitations of the urban and spatial disciplines. It maintains that research should not be oriented only towards new technical or merely formal solutions but rather towards the profound rethinking of disciplinary paradigms. In the fields of urban planning, urban design and policy-making, the challenge of place-making provides scholars and practitioners a great opportunity for a much-needed critical review. Only the substantial reappraisal of long-standing (technical, cultural, institutional and social) premises and perspectives can truly improve place-making practices. The pressing need for place-making implies trespassing undue disciplinary boundaries and experimenting a place-based approach that can innovate and integrate planning regulations, strategic spatial visioning and urban development projects. Moreover, the place-making challenge compels urban experts and policy-makers to critically reflect upon the physical and social contexts of their interventions. In this sense, facing place-making today is a way to renew the civic and social role of urban planning and urban design.

The Worlds of American Intellectual History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Joel Isaac,James T. Kloppenberg,Michael O'Brien,Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190459492

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 1941

The essays in this book demonstrate the breadth and vitality of American intellectual history. Their core theme is the diversity of both American intellectual life and of the frameworks that we must use to make sense of that diversity. The Worlds of American Intellectual History has at its heart studies of American thinkers. Yet it follows these thinkers and their ideas as they have crossed national, institutional, and intellectual boundaries. The volume explores ways in which American ideas have circulated in different cultures. It also examines the multiple sites--from social movements, museums, and courtrooms to popular and scholarly books and periodicals--in which people have articulated and deployed ideas within and beyond the borders of the United States. At these cultural frontiers, the authors demonstrate, multiple interactions have occurred - some friendly and mutually enriching, others laden with tension, misunderstandings, and conflict. The same holds for other kinds of borders, such as those within and between scholarly disciplines, or between American history and the histories of other cultures. The richness of contemporary American intellectual history springs from the variety of worlds with which it must engage. Intellectual historians have always relished being able to move back and forth between close readings of particular texts and efforts to make sense of broader cultural dispositions. That range is on display in this volume, which includes essays by scholars as fully at home in the disciplines of philosophy, literature, economics, sociology, political science, education, science, religion, and law as they are in history. It includes essays by prominent historians of European thought, attuned to the transatlantic conversations in which Europeans and Americans have been engaged since the seventeenth century, and American historians whose work has carried them not only to different regions in North America but across the North Atlantic to Europe, across the South Atlantic to Africa, and across the Pacific to South Asia.

Political Obligation

A Critical Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dudley Knowles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113527813X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 9736

Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual’s claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience. It is a central and ancient problem in political philosophy. In this authoritative introduction, Dudley Knowles frames the problem of obligation in terms of the duties citizens have to the state and each other. Drawing on a wide range of key works in political philosophy, from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume and G. W. F. Hegel to John Rawls, A. John Simmons, Joseph Raz and Ronald Dworkin, Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction is an ideal starting point for those coming to the topic for the first time, as well as being an original and distinctive contribution to the literature. Knowles distinguishes the philosophical problem of obligation - which types of argument may successfully ground the legitimacy of the state and the duties of citizens - from the political problem of obligation - whether successful arguments apply to the actual citizens of particular states. Against the anarchist and modern skeptics, Knowles claims that a plurality of arguments promise success when carefully formulated and defended, and discusses in turn ancient and modern theories of social contract and consent, fairness and gratitude, utilitarianism, justice and a Samaritan duty of care for others. Against modern communitarians, he defends a distinctive liberalism: ‘the state proposes, the citizen disposes’.

Justice

A Reader

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195335112

Category: Philosophy

Page: 412

View: 2846

Justice brings together in one indispensable volume essential readings on justice and moral reasoning. With readings from major thinkers from the classical era up to the present, the collection provides a thematic overview of the concept of justice. Moreover, Sandel's organization of the readings and his own commentaries allow readers to engage with a variety of pressing contemporary issues. Looking at a host of ethical dilemmas, including affirmative action, conscription, income distribution, and gay rights, from a variety of angles—morally, legally, politically—the collection engages with the core concerns of political philosophy: individual rights and the claims of community, equality and inequality, morality and law, and ultimately, justice. With concise section introductions that put the readings in context, this anthology is an invaluable tool for students, teachers, and anyone who wishes to engage in the great moral debates that have animated politics from classical times to our own.

Understanding Jurisprudence

An Introduction to Legal Theory

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198723865

Category: Law

Page: 379

View: 2372

With its clear and entertaining writing style, Understanding Jurisprudence is the perfect guide for students new to legal theory and looking for an accessible introduction to the subject. Key theories and theorists are introduced in a compact and easy-to-read format, offering an engaging account of the central ideas without oversimplification. Key quotes from leading scholars are included throughout the text, introducing you to their work and its impact on legal philosophy, while further reading suggestions help you to navigate the broad range of literature available in this area. Each chapter concludes with a series of critical questions designed to encourage you to think analytically about the law and the key ideas and debates which surround it. New to this editionRevised to include the most recent scholarship in several areas of jurisprudence, and to reflect the social and political developments that have influenced the law and legal theoryExpanded chapters on natural law, legal positivism, realism, rights, and theories of justiceNew and enhanced discussions of the rule of law, global justice, virtue ethics, human and animal rights, the economic analysis of law, and postmodernist theoriesUpdated suggested further reading lists and questions at the end of each chapter

Justice, gender, and the family

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Susan Moller Okin

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: 9780465037025

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 5204

"In the first feminist critique of modern political theory, Okin shows how the failure to apply theories of justice to the family not only undermines our most cherished democratic values but has led to"

The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Gerard J Hughes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136181245

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 5384

Written by one of the most important founding figures of Western philosophy, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics represents a critical point in the study of ethics which has influenced the direction of modern philosophy. The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics introduces the major themes in Aristotle’s great book and acts as a companion for reading this key work, examining: The context of Aristotle’s work and the background to his writing Each separate part of the text in relation to its goals, meanings and impact The reception the book received when first seen by the world The relevance of Aristotle’s work to modern philosophy, its legacy and influence. With further reading included throughout, this text is essential reading for all students of philosophy, and all those wishing to get to grips with this classic work.

Theories and Concepts of Politics

An Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard Paul Bellamy

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719036569

Category: Political science

Page: 301

View: 4651

Dishonorable Passions

Sodomy Laws in America, 1861-2003

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William N. Eskridge Jr.

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440631107

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6692

From the Pentagon to the wedding chapel, there are few issues more controversial today than gay rights. As William Eskridge persuasively demonstrates in Dishonorable Passions, there is nothing new about this political and legal obsession. The American colonies and the early states prohibited sodomy as the crime against nature, but rarely punished such conduct if it took place behind closed doors. By the twentieth century, America’s emerging regulatory state targeted degenerates and (later) homosexuals. The witch hunts of the McCarthy era caught very few Communists but ruined the lives of thousands of homosexuals. The nation’s sexual revolution of the 1960s fueled a social movement of people seeking repeal of sodomy laws, but it was not until the Supreme Court’s decision in Lawrence v. Texas (2003) that private sex between consenting adults was decriminalized. With dramatic stories of both the hunted (Walt Whitman and Margaret Mead) and the hunters (Earl Warren and J. Edgar Hoover), Dishonorable Passions reveals how American sodomy laws affected the lives of both homosexual and heterosexual Americans. Certain to provoke heated debate, Dishonorable Passions is a must-read for anyone interested in the history of sexuality and its regulation in the United States

The Decent Society

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Avishai Margalit

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674040601

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 4146

How to be decent, how to build a decent society, emerges out of Margalit's analysis of the corrosive functioning of humiliation in its many forms. This is a deeply felt book that springs from Margalit's experience at the borderlands of conflicts between Eastern Europeans and Westerners, between Palestinians and Israelis.

Issues in Political Theory

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Catriona McKinnon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199572828

Category: Philosophy

Page: 379

View: 6444

Issues in Political Theory provides a cutting-edge introduction to the key concepts in the field. From democracy to multiculturalism, leading thinkers examine traditional and contemporary issues, as well as their relevance to politics in practice. It is essential reading for students of political theory at any level.

Understanding Scientific Understanding

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Henk de Regt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190652918

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 2106

It is widely acknowledged that a central aim of science is to achieve understanding of the world around us, and that possessing such understanding is highly important in our present-day society. But what does it mean to achieve this understanding? What precisely is scientific understanding? These are philosophical questions that have not yet received satisfactory answers. While there has been an ongoing debate about the nature of scientific explanation since Carl Hempel advanced his covering-law model in 1948, the related notion of understanding has been largely neglected, because most philosophers regarded understanding as merely a subjective by-product of objective explanations. By contrast, this book puts scientific understanding center stage. It is primarily a philosophical study, but also contains detailed historical case studies of scientific practice. In contrast to most existing studies in this area, it takes into account scientists' views and analyzes their role in scientific debate and development. The aim of Understanding Scientific Understanding is to develop and defend a philosophical theory of scientific understanding that can describe and explain the historical variation of criteria for understanding actually employed by scientists. The theory does justice to the insights of such famous physicists as Werner Heisenberg and Richard Feynman, while bringing much-needed conceptual rigor to their intuitions. The scope of the proposed account of understanding is the natural sciences: while the detailed case studies derive from physics, examples from other sciences are presented to illustrate its wider validity.

The public sector

concepts, models and approaches

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jan-Erik Lane

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5910

This wide-ranging textbook introduces students to the major concepts, models and approaches concerning the public sector. It outlines and illuminates recent theories about public policy and public administration. The public sector is analyzed within a three-part framework: public resource allocation, redistribution and regulation. Jan-Erik Lane explains the basic concepts in each of these broad areas, and goes on to examine their consequences for various approaches to the making and implementation of public policy. The book explores models of management, effectiveness and efficiency and assesses some problems inherent in the public choice and neo-institutionalist approaches. It gauges the contribution of organizational theory as well as models of normative policy-making. The Public Sector provides a comprehensive introduction to modern political science analysis of the state and government. It will be essential reading for all students of government, public administration, public policy and political science.

Transforming the Law

Essays on Technology, Justice, and the Legal Marketplace

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard E. Susskind

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 5433

Richard Susskind is one of the world's leading experts on the application of information technology in the legal field, and an independent consultant to the government, private sector law firms and industry. His previous books, Expert Systems in Law (OUP, 1987) and The Future of Law (OUP, 1996), have both served to set the agenda for the serious discussion of the subject. This new volume features major new essays that analyse where the legal marketplace and community has now got to in applying and responding to the new technological possibilities, and examines the key issues that must now be tackled (in particular knowledge management and electronic commerce). It also includes eleven of Richard Susskind's most important past essays, on the legal application of IT, each updated to make clear their continued relevance to law and justice today.

American book publishing record cumulative, 1876-1949

an American national bibliography

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: R.R. Bowker Company. Dept. of Bibliography,R.R. Bowker Company. Product Development Dept,R.R. Bowker Company. Publications Systems Dept

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 4236

Skepticism in Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Panayot Butchvarov

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 225

View: 2268

Through thorough metaphysical, epistemological, and phenomenological investigation, Butchvarov develops a substantive ethical theory that withstands the challenge of moral skepticism. In rich detail he traces the roots of his theory to classical Greek and medieval ethics, twentieth-century British intuitionism, and continental phenomenology.

Understanding and Solving Environmental Problems in the 21st Century

Toward a New, Integrated Hard Problem Science

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Costanza,Sven Erik Jørgensen

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 7292

The aim of this book is to encourage integration of the natural and social sciences with the policy and design-making community, and thereby develop a deeper understanding of complex environmental problems. Its fundamental themes are: • integrated modeling and assessment • complex, adaptive, hierarchical systems • ecosystem services • science and decision-making • ecosystem health and human health • quality of life and the distribution of wealth and resources. This book will act as a state of the art assessment of integrated environmental science and its relation to real world problem solving. It is aimed not only at the academic community, but also as a sourcebook for managers, policy makers, and the informed public. It deals both with the state of the science and the level of consensus among scientists on key environmental issues. The concepts underlying this book were developed at the 2nd EcoSummit workshop held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, June, 2000, with active participation from all delegates, and attempts to present their collective view.