The Oxford Companion to English Literature

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dinah Birch

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030848

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 1184

View: 9142

The Oxford Companion to English Literature has long been established as the leading reference resource for students, teachers, scholars, and general readers of English literature. It provides unrivalled coverage of all aspects of English literature - from writers, their works, and the historical and cultural context in which they wrote, to critics, literary theory, and allusions. For the seventh edition, the Companion has been thoroughly revised and updated to meet the needs and concerns of today's students and general readers. Over 1,000 new entries have been added, ranging from new writers - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Patrick Marber, David Mitchell, Arundhati Roy - to increased coverage of writers and literary movements from around the world. Coverage of American literature has been substantially increased, with new entries on writers such as Cormac McCarthy and Amy Tan and on movements and publications. Contextual and historical coverage has also been expanded, with new entries on European history and culture, post-colonial literature, as well as writers and literary movements from around the world that have influenced English literature. The Companion has always been a quick and dependable source of reference for students, and the new edition confirms its pre-eminent role as the go-to resource of first choice. All entries have been reviewed, and details of new works, biographies, and criticism have been brought right up to date. So also has coverage of the themes, approaches and concepts encountered by students today, from terms to articles on literary theory and theorists. There is increased coverage of writers from around the world, as well as from Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, and of contextual topics, including film and television, music, and art. Cross-referencing has been thoroughly updated, with stronger linking from writers to thematic and conceptual entries. Meanwhile coverage of popular genres such as children's literature, science fiction, biography, reportage, crime fiction, fantasy or travel literature has been increased substantially, with new entries on writers from Philip Pullman to Anne Frank and from Anais Nin to Douglas Adams. The seventh edition of this classic Companion - now under the editorship of Dinah Birch, assisted by a team of 28 distinguished associate editors, and over 150 contributors - ensures that it retains its status as the most authoritative, informative, and accessible guide to literature available.

Words of the World

A Global History of the Oxford English Dictionary

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Sarah Ogilvie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107021839

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 241

View: 5471

Most people think of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) as a distinctly British product. Begun in England 150 years ago, it took more than 60 years to complete and, when it was finally finished in 1928, the British prime minister heralded it as a 'national treasure'. It maintained this image throughout the twentieth century, and in 2006 the English public voted it an 'Icon of England', alongside Marmite, Buckingham Palace and the bowler hat. However, this book shows that the dictionary is not as 'British' as we all thought. The linguist and lexicographer, Sarah Ogilvie, combines her insider knowledge and experience with impeccable research to show that the OED is in fact an international product in both its content and its making. She examines the policies and practices of the various editors, applies qualitative and quantitative analysis, and finds new OED archival materials in the form of letters, reports and proofs. She demonstrates that the OED, in its use of readers from all over the world and its coverage of World English, is in fact a global text.

Words

For Robert Burchfield's Sixty-fifth Birthday

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Eric Gerald Stanley,T. F. Hoad

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9780859912594

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 198

View: 4479

Essays concentrating on the uses and histories of English words, mainly in the modern period. Contributions vary in focus including work on the development on individual words, lexicography, British and overseas English dialects, and usage in the earlier and later Modern English period.

Empire of Words

The Reign of the OED

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Willinsky

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400821358

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 264

View: 2398

What is the meaning of a word? Most readers turn to the dictionary for authoritative meanings and correct usage. But what is the source of authority in dictionaries? Some dictionaries employ panels of experts to fix meaning and prescribe usage, others rely on derivation through etymology. But perhaps no other dictionary has done more to standardize the English language than the formidable twenty-volume Oxford English Dictionary in its 1989 second edition. Yet this most Victorian of modern dictionaries derives its meaning by citing the earliest known usage of words and by demonstrating shades of meaning through an awesome database of over five million examples of usage in context. In this fascinating study, John Willinsky challenges the authority of this imperial dictionary, revealing many of its inherent prejudices and questioning the assumptions of its ongoing revision. "Clearly, the OED is no simple record of the language `as she is spoke,'" Willinsky writes. "It is a selective representation reflecting certain elusive ideas about the nature of the English language and people. Empire of Words reveals, by statistic and table, incident and anecdote, how serendipitous, judgmental, and telling a task editing a dictionary such as the OED can be." Willinsky analyzes the favored citation records from the three editorial periods of the OED's compilation: the Victorian, imperial first edition; the modern supplement; and the contemporary second edition composed on an electronic database. He reveals shifts in linguistic authority: the original edition relied on English literature and, surprisingly, on translations, reference works, and journalism; the modern editions have shifted emphasis to American sources and periodicals while continuing to neglect women, workers, and other English-speaking countries. Willinsky's dissection of dictionary entries exposes contradictions and ambiguities in the move from citation to definition. He points out that Shakespeare, the most frequently cited authority in the OED, often confounds the dictionary's simple sense of meaning with his wit and artfulness. He shows us how the most famous four-letter words in the language found their way through a belabored editorial process, sweating and grunting, into the supplement to the OED. Willinsky sheds considerable light on how the OED continues to shape the English language through the sometimes idiosyncratic, often biased selection of citations by hired readers and impassioned friends of the language. Anyone who is fascinated with words and language will find Willinsky's tour through the OED a delightful and stimulating experience. No one who reads this book will ever feel quite the same about Murray's web of words.

The Making of the Oxford English Dictionary

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter Gilliver

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199283621

Category:

Page: 688

View: 3991

This book tells the history of the Oxford English Dictionary from its beginnings in the middle of the nineteenth century to the present. The author, uniquely among historians of the OED, is also a practising lexicographer with nearly thirty years' experience of working on the Dictionary. He has drawn on a wide range of sources--including previously unexamined archival material and eyewitness testimony--to create a detailed history of the project. The book explores the cultural background from which the idea of a comprehensive historical dictionary of English emerged, the lengthy struggles to bring this concept to fruition, and the development of the book from the appearance of the first printed fascicle in 1884 to the launching of the Dictionary as an online database in 2000 and beyond. It also examines the evolution of the lexicographers' working methods, and provides much information about the people--many of them remarkable individuals--who have contributed to the project over the last century and a half.

Words and Their Meaning

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Howard Jackson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317887565

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 6240

In this book, the development of the English dictionary is examined, along with the kinds of dictionary available, the range of information they contain, factors affecting their usage, and public attitudes towards them. As well as an descriptive analysis of word meaning, the author considers whether a thematic, thesaurus-like presentation might be more suited than the traditional alphabetical format to the description of words and their meaning.

The Ring of Words

Tolkien and the Oxford English Dictionary

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Peter Gilliver,Jeremy Marshall,Edmund Weiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199568367

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 234

View: 8299

Three senior editors at the Oxford English Dictionary examine Tolkien's career as a lexicographer who spent two years on the staff of the OED, analyze its influence on his creative use of language in his fictional works, and probe the origins and meaning of such Tolkienesque words as "hobbit," "Ent," and "mithril."

Concise Oxford English Dictionary

Luxury Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Angus Stevenson,Maurice Waite

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199601119

Category: Reference

Page: 1682

View: 1190

Offers definitions for English words and phrases, along with observations about the evolution of the dictionary since its first edition and tables that contain information for such topics as countries and chemical elements.

The Meaning of Everything

The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Simon Winchester OBE

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199813643

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 864

'The greatest enterprise of its kind in history,' was the verdict of British prime minister Stanley Baldwin in June 1928 when The Oxford English Dictionary was finally published. With its 15,490 pages and nearly two million quotations, it was indeed a monumental achievement, gleaned from the efforts of hundreds of ordinary and extraordinary people who made it their mission to catalogue the English language in its entirety. In The Meaning of Everything, Simon Winchester celebrates this remarkable feat, and the fascinating characters who played such a vital part in its execution, from the colourful Frederick Furnivall, cheerful promoter of an all-female sculling crew, to James Murray, self-educated son of a draper, who spent half a century guiding the project towards fruition. Along the way we learn which dictionary editor became the inspiration for Kenneth Grahame's Ratty in The Wind in the Willows, and why Tolkien found it so hard to define 'walrus'. Written by the bestselling author of The Surgeon of Crowthorne and The Map That Changed the World, The Meaning of Everything is an enthralling account of the creation of the world's greatest dictionary.

Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer among the Indians

And Other Unfinished Stories

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mark Twain

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520950607

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 392

View: 8585

o Includes the authoritative texts for eleven pieces written between 1868 and 1902 o Publishes, for the first time, the complete text of "Villagers of 1840-3," Mark Twain's astounding feat of memory o Features a biographical directory and notes that reflect extensive new research on Mark Twain's early life in Missouri Throughout his career, Mark Twain frequently turned for inspiration to memories of his youth in the Mississippi River town of Hannibal, Missouri. What has come to be known as the Matter of Hannibal inspired two of his most famous books, Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, and provided the basis for the eleven pieces reprinted here. Most of these selections (eight of them fiction and three of them autobiographical) were never completed, and all were left unpublished. Written between 1868 and 1902, they include a diverse assortment of adventures, satires, and reminiscences in which the characters of his own childhood and of his best-loved fiction, particularly Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer, come alive again. The autobiographical recollections culminate in an astounding feat of memory titled "Villagers of 1840-3" in which the author, writing for himself alone at the age of sixty-one, recalls with humor and pathos the characters of some one hundred and fifty people from his childhood. Accompanied by notes that reflect extensive new research on Mark Twain's early life in Missouri, the selections in this volume offer a revealing view of Mark Twain's varied and repeated attempts to give literary expression to the Matter of Hannibal.

Early Christian Hagiography and Roman History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Timothy David Barnes

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161502262

Category: History

Page: 437

View: 5912

"In their present form, the first five chapters are revised versions of lectures delivered in German at the University of Jena on 10-14 November 2008"--P. xi.

Dreaming across Languages and Cultures

A Study of the Literary Translations of the Hong lou meng

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Laurence Kwok Pun Wong

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443868280

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 551

View: 5446

Dreaming across Languages and Cultures: A Study of the Literary Translations of the Hong lou meng (also called The Dream of the Red Chamber, Red Chamber Dream, or The Story of the Stone) is a groundbreaking monograph in translation studies. Integrating theory with practice, it examines, analyses, compares, and evaluates 14 versions of the greatest Chinese novel in five major European languages, namely, English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish. In this study, translation, linguistic, literary, and semiotic theories, as well as the author’s own experience of translating Dante and Shakespeare, are drawn on. Though primarily aimed at scholars specializing in translation and in Hong lou meng studies, the book also introduces students of Chinese literature, comparative literature, and cultural studies to new interdisciplinary perspectives. By illustrating salient points with lively and interesting examples, too, it enables the non-specialist to see the fascinating intricacies of language and translation, as well as the complex relationship between translation and culture. In view of its new approach to a new topic, of its many impressive insights, and, above all, of the amazing depth and breadth of its investigation, Dreaming across Languages and Cultures is truly monumental.

English Traditional Grammars

An International Perspective

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Gerhard Leitner

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027245495

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 392

View: 2646

Until recently grammars of English have received surprisingly little scholarly attention, while a lot of research is done on dictionaries. It appears, however, that learners of English shy away from modern grammars and prefer to consult dictionaries or traditional reference grammars instead. This raises questions as to the relationship between theoretical linguistics and grammar writing and calls for more research into this area, especially for the period from 1800 onwards, which was crucial for the development of grammatical thinking and its acceptance (or rejection) at all educational levels today.This volume brings together work from international experts on the historiography of English grammar writing who deal with a variety of topics grouped into three overlapping sections: I. Native Grammars of English, II. Non-native Grammars of English, and III. Grammatical Analyses. The volume includes summaries of the articles and a name index.

A supplement to Johnson's English dictionary

of which the palpable errors are attempted to be rectified, and its material omissions supplied. By George Mason...

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: George Mason

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English language

Page: 226

View: 4313

Anglizismen im Duden

eine Untersuchung zur Darstellung englischen Wortguts in den Ausgaben des Rechtschreibdudens von 1880 - 1986

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ulrich Busse

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3111377105

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 344

View: 5124

Anglizismen im Duden eine Untersuchung zur Darstellung englischen Wortguts in den Ausgaben des Rechtschreibdudens von 1880 - 1986.

World Englishes

Critical Concepts in Linguistics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kingsley Bolton

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415315067

Category: English language

Page: 536

View: 4153

Symposium on Lexicography XI

Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Lexicography May 2-4, 2002 at the University of Copenhagen

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Henrik Gottlieb,Jens Erik Mogensen,Arne Zettersten

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110928310

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 576

View: 8413

In der Reihe Lexicographica. Series Maior erscheinen schwerpunktmäßig Monographien und Sammelbände zur Lexikographie und Metalexikographie. Darüber hinaus werden Arbeiten aus dem weiteren Bereich der Lexikologie aufgenommen, sofern sie Ansätze bieten, die einen Beitrag zum Ausbau der theoretischen, methodischen und empirischen Grundlagen von Lexikographie und Metalexikographie leisten. In den seit 1984 erschienenen knapp 150 Bänden spiegeln sich anschaulich die Schwerpunkte und Entwicklungstendenzen der einschlägigen Forschung. Das Spektrum der behandelten Themen reicht von Problemen der Mikro- und Makrostruktur über typologische und wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Aspekte bis hin zur anwendungsorientierten lexikographischen Dokumentation.