A Student's Guide to Entropy

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Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107470048

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 721

Striving to explore the subject in as simple a manner as possible, this book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy. Innovative aspects of the book include the construction of statistical entropy from desired properties, the derivation of the entropy of classical systems from purely classical assumptions, and a statistical thermodynamics approach to the ideal Fermi and ideal Bose gases. Derivations are worked through step-by-step and important applications are highlighted in over 20 worked examples. Around 50 end-of-chapter exercises test readers' understanding. The book also features a glossary giving definitions for all essential terms, a time line showing important developments, and list of books for further study. It is an ideal supplement to undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.

A Student's Guide to Coding and Information Theory

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Author: Stefan M. Moser,Po-Ning Chen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107601967

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 206

View: 5174

A concise, easy-to-read guide, introducing beginners to the engineering background of modern communication systems, from mobile phones to data storage. Assuming only basic knowledge of high-school mathematics and including many practical examples and exercises to aid understanding, this is ideal for anyone who needs a quick introduction to the subject.

A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers

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Author: Robert E Kennedy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199694036

Category: Science

Page: 303

View: 1575

In 1905 Albert Einstein produced breakthrough work in three major areas of physics (atoms and Brownian motion, quanta, and the special theory of relativity), followed, in 1916, by the general theory of relativity. This book develops the detail of the papers, including the mathematics, to guide the reader in working through them.

A Student's Guide to Geophysical Equations

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Author: William Lowrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499246

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5665

The advent of accessible student computing packages has meant that geophysics students can now easily manipulate datasets and gain first-hand modeling experience - essential in developing an intuitive understanding of the physics of the Earth. Yet to gain a more in-depth understanding of physical theory, and to develop new models and solutions, it is necessary to be able to derive the relevant equations from first principles. This compact, handy book fills a gap left by most modern geophysics textbooks, which generally do not have space to derive all of the important formulae, showing the intermediate steps. This guide presents full derivations for the classical equations of gravitation, gravity, tides, earth rotation, heat, geomagnetism and foundational seismology, illustrated with simple schematic diagrams. It supports students through the successive steps and explains the logical sequence of a derivation - facilitating self-study and helping students to tackle homework exercises and prepare for exams.

Essential Engineering Thermodynamics

A Student's Guide

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Author: Yumin Zhang

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781681734255

Category:

Page: 79

View: 7264

Engineering Thermodynamics is a core course for students majoring in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Before taking this course, students usually have learned Engineering Mechanics--Statics and Dynamics, and they are used to solving problems with calculus and differential equations. Unfortunately, these approaches do not apply for Thermodynamics. Instead, they have to rely on many data tables and graphs to solve problems. In addition, many concepts are hard to understand, such as entropy. Therefore, most students feel very frustrated while taking this course. The key concept in Engineering Thermodynamics is state-properties: If one knows two properties, the state can be determined, as well as the other four properties. Unlike most textbooks, the first two chapters of this book introduce thermodynamic properties and laws with the ideal gas model, where equations can be engaged. In this way, students can employ their familiar approaches, and thus can understand them much better. In order to help students understand entropy in depth, interpretation with statistical physics is introduced. Chapters 3 and 4 discuss control-mass and control-volume processes with general fluids, where the data tables are used to solve problems. Chapter 5 covers a few advanced topics, which can also help students understand the concepts in thermodynamics from a broader perspective.

A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts

Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta

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Author: Kerry Kuehn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331921828X

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 3036

This book provides a chronological introduction to modern atomic theory, which represented an attempt to reconcile the ancient doctrine of atomism with careful experiments—performed during the 19th century—on the flow of heat through substances and across empty space. Included herein are selections from classic texts such as Carnot’s Reflection on the Motive Power of Fire, Clausius’ Mechanical Theory of Heat, Rutherford’s Nuclear Constitution of Atoms, Planck’s Atomic Theory of Matter and Heisenberg’s Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory. Each chapter begins with a short introduction followed by a reading selection. Carefully crafted study questions draw out key points in the text and focus the reader’s attention on the author’s methods, analysis and conclusions. Numerical and laboratory exercises at the end of each chapter test the reader’s ability to understand and apply key concepts from the text. Heat, Radiation and Quanta is the last of four volumes in A Student’s Guide through the Great Physics Texts. The book comes from a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to encourage a critical and circumspect approach to natural science while at the same time preparing students for advanced coursework in physics. This book is particularly suitable as a college-level textbook for students of the natural sciences, history or philosophy. It might also serve as a textbook for advanced high-school or home-schooled students, or as a thematically-organized source-book for scholars and motivated lay-readers. In studying the classic scientific texts included herein, the reader will be drawn toward a lifetime of contemplation.

A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics

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Author: Bill Poirier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118840488

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 7496

Thermodynamics is the science that describes the behavior ofmatter at the macroscopic scale, and how this arises fromindividual molecules. As such, it is a subject of profoundpractical and fundamental importance to many science andengineering fields. Despite extremely varied applications rangingfrom nanomotors to cosmology, the core concepts of thermodynamicssuch as equilibrium and entropy are the same across alldisciplines. A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics serves as a concise,conceptual and practical supplement to the major thermodynamicstextbooks used in various fields. Presenting clear explanations ofthe core concepts, the book aims to improve fundamentalunderstanding of the material, as well as homework and examperformance. Distinctive features include: Terminology and Notation Key: A universaltranslator that addresses the myriad of conventions, terminologies,and notations found across the major thermodynamics texts. Content Maps: Specific references to eachmajor thermodynamic text by section and page number for each newconcept that is introduced. Helpful Hints and Don’t Try Its: Numeroususeful tips for solving problems, as well as warnings of commonstudent pitfalls. Unique Explanations: Conceptually clear, mathematicallyfairly simple, yet also sufficiently precise andrigorous. A more extensive set of reference materials, includingolder and newer editions of the major textbooks, as well as anumber of less commonly used titles, is available online at ahref="http://www.conceptualthermo.com/"http://www.conceptualthermo.com/a. Undergraduate and graduate students of chemistry, physics,engineering, geosciences and biological sciences will benefit fromthis book, as will students preparing for graduate school entranceexams and MCATs.

Jetzt

Die Physik der Zeit

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Author: Richard A. Muller

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104038228

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 9541

Sie lesen jetzt das Wort »jetzt« – und schon ist es vergangen. Das flüchtige Dasein der Gegenwart hat Philosophen und Physiker vor die größten Rätsel gestellt: Was ist die Zeit? Und warum fließt sie? Generationen von Wissenschaftlern haben sich vergeblich um Antworten bemüht, einige haben es aufgegeben. Nicht so Richard A. Muller. Er hat eine Theorie der Zeit aufgestellt, die neu ist und experimentell überprüfbar. Um sie vorzustellen, erklärt er zunächst mit großem Geschick die physikalischen Grundkonzepte wie Relativität, Entropie, Verschränkung, Antimaterie und Urknall. Darauf aufbauend entfaltet er seine provozierend neue Sicht mit all ihren Folgen für die Philosophie oder die Frage nach der Willensfreiheit. Eine kraftvolle und überzeugende Vision für die Lösung des alten Rätsels der Zeit. »Muller hat einen bemerkenswert frischen und aufregenden Ansatz für die Erklärung der Zeit.« Saul Perlmutter, Physik-Nobelpreisträger »Ein provokatives und gut argumentiertes Buch über die Natur der Zeit.« Lee Smolin

Student's guide to Chemistry, the central science

Guide

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Author: James C. Hill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 640

View: 4146

"Chemistry: The Central Science is the most trusted book on the market--its scientific accuracy, clarity, innovative pedagogy, functional problem-solving and visuals set this book apart. Brown, LeMay, and Bursten teach students the concepts and skills they need without overcomplicating the subject. A comprehensive media package that works in tandem with the text helps students practice and learn while providing instructors the tools they need to succeed."--Publisher's description.

Halliday Physik

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Author: J. Richard Christman,Edward Derringh

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527409013

Category: Science

Page: 323

View: 8072

Zu 880 Aufgaben aus dem roten allen Themengebieten der Experimentalphysik gibt es sorgfï¿1⁄2ltig aufgezeichnete Lï¿1⁄2sungsansï¿1⁄2tze, die das Nachvollziehen einfach machen. Zahlreiche Illustrationen helfen bei Veranschaulichung. Attraktiv ist der Lï¿1⁄2sungsband auch fï¿1⁄2r Nutzer der Bachelor-Edition und somit fï¿1⁄2r Nebenfach-Studenten, denn 740 Lï¿1⁄2sungen beziehen sich auf Aufgaben aus der grï¿1⁄2nen Bachelor-Edition.

Aufklärung jetzt

Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung

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Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 8245

Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Data mining

praktische Werkzeuge und Techniken für das maschinelle Lernen

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Author: Ian H. Witten,Eibe Frank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446215337

Category:

Page: 386

View: 2032

A Guide to Physics Problems

Part 2: Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics, and Quantum Mechanics

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Author: Sidney B. Cahn,Gerald D. Mahan,Boris E. Nadgorny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306484013

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 1078

In order to equip hopeful graduate students with the knowledge necessary to pass the qualifying examination, the authors have assembled and solved standard and original problems from major American universities – Boston University, University of Chicago, University of Colorado at Boulder, Columbia, University of Maryland, University of Michigan, Michigan State, Michigan Tech, MIT, Princeton, Rutgers, Stanford, Stony Brook, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, and the University of Wisconsin at Madison – and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. A wide range of material is covered and comparisons are made between similar problems of different schools to provide the student with enough information to feel comfortable and confident at the exam. Guide to Physics Problems is published in two volumes: this book, Part 2, covers Thermodynamics, Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics; Part 1, covers Mechanics, Relativity and Electrodynamics. Praise for A Guide to Physics Problems: Part 2: Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics, and Quantum Mechanics: "... A Guide to Physics Problems, Part 2 not only serves an important function, but is a pleasure to read. By selecting problems from different universities and even different scientific cultures, the authors have effectively avoided a one-sided approach to physics. All the problems are good, some are very interesting, some positively intriguing, a few are crazy; but all of them stimulate the reader to think about physics, not merely to train you to pass an exam. I personally received considerable pleasure in working the problems, and I would guess that anyone who wants to be a professional physicist would experience similar enjoyment. ... This book will be a great help to students and professors, as well as a source of pleasure and enjoyment." (From Foreword by Max Dresden) "An excellent resource for graduate students in physics and, one expects, also for their teachers." (Daniel Kleppner, Lester Wolfe Professor of Physics Emeritus, MIT) "A nice selection of problems ... Thought-provoking, entertaining, and just plain fun to solve." (Giovanni Vignale, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri at Columbia) "Interesting indeed and enjoyable. The problems are ingenious and their solutions very informative. I would certainly recommend it to all graduate students and physicists in general ... Particularly useful for teachers who would like to think about problems to present in their course." (Joel Lebowitz, Rutgers University) "A very thoroughly assembled, interesting set of problems that covers the key areas of physics addressed by Ph.D. qualifying exams. ... Will prove most useful to both faculty and students. Indeed, I plan to use this material as a source of examples and illustrations that will be worked into my lectures." (Douglas Mills, University of California at Irvine)

Lichtquanten

Die Geschichte des komplexen Konzepts und mentalen Modells von Photonen

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Author: Klaus Hentschel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662552736

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 4363

Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Entstehungsgeschichte des komplexen Konzeptes des Photons aus wissenschaftshistorischer, kognitionspsychologischer und naturwissenschaftlicher Sicht. Dabei werden unter anderem sechs verschiedene mentale Modelle des Lichtquantums bzw. Photons diskutiert und der Bogen vom Teilchenmodell Newtons, dem Singularitätsmodell Einstein und Bohrs bis zum modernen Konzept der Quantisierung des elektromagnetischen Feldes in der Quantenelektrodynamik gespannt. Der Autor beschäftigt sich zuerst mit der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Photons innerhalb der modernen Physik ab 1900, bevor er die zwölf semantischen Bedeutungsschichten des Photons ausgehend vom Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts präsentiert. Anschließend werden die mentalen Modelle im Laufe der Geschichte bis zur Moderne beschrieben und diskutiert und das heutige Modell des Photons besprochen. Das Buch richtet sich sowohl an Naturwissenschaftler mit physikalischem Hintergrund als auch an Wissenscha ftshistoriker und Andere, die sich mit der Begriffs- und Ideengeschichte von Konzepten auseinandersetzen.

Entropy and the Second Law

Interpretation and Misss-Interpretationsss

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Author: Arieh Ben-Naim

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 981462389X

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 6782

This book presents a clear and readable description of one of the most mysterious concepts of physics: Entropy. It contains a self-learning kit that guides the reader in understanding the concepts of entropy. In the first part, the reader is asked to play the familiar twenty-Question game. Once the reader feels comfortable with playing this game and acquires proficiency in playing the game effectively (intelligently), he or she will be able to capture the elusive and used-to-be mysterious concept of entropy. There will be no more speculative or arbitrary interpretations, nor “older” or “modern” views of entropy. This book will guide readers in choosing their own interpretation of entropy. Video intro on the Bestsellers on Entropy by Arieh Ben-Naim https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5fOsKyOlHw Request Inspection Copy Contents:Introduction: From Heat Engines to Disorder, Information Spreading, Freedom, and More…Forget about Entropy for a While, Let us Go and Play iGamesThe Astounding Emergence of the Entropy of a Classical Ideal Gas out of Shannon's Measure of InformationExamples and Their Interpretations. Challenges for any Descriptor of EntropyFinally, Let Us Discuss the Most Mysterious Second Law of Thermodynamics Readership: Undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry and physics, academics and lay persons.