A Student's Guide to Atomic Physics

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Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Student's Guides

ISBN: 1107188733

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 1819

A concise overview of the fundamental concepts and applications of atomic physics for students including examples, problems, and diagrams of key concepts.

A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts

Volume IV: Heat, Atoms and Quanta

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Author: Kerry Kuehn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331921828X

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 5060

This book provides a chronological introduction to modern atomic theory, which represented an attempt to reconcile the ancient doctrine of atomism with careful experiments—performed during the 19th century—on the flow of heat through substances and across empty space. Included herein are selections from classic texts such as Carnot’s Reflection on the Motive Power of Fire, Clausius’ Mechanical Theory of Heat, Rutherford’s Nuclear Constitution of Atoms, Planck’s Atomic Theory of Matter and Heisenberg’s Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory. Each chapter begins with a short introduction followed by a reading selection. Carefully crafted study questions draw out key points in the text and focus the reader’s attention on the author’s methods, analysis and conclusions. Numerical and laboratory exercises at the end of each chapter test the reader’s ability to understand and apply key concepts from the text. Heat, Radiation and Quanta is the last of four volumes in A Student’s Guide through the Great Physics Texts. The book comes from a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to encourage a critical and circumspect approach to natural science while at the same time preparing students for advanced coursework in physics. This book is particularly suitable as a college-level textbook for students of the natural sciences, history or philosophy. It might also serve as a textbook for advanced high-school or home-schooled students, or as a thematically-organized source-book for scholars and motivated lay-readers. In studying the classic scientific texts included herein, the reader will be drawn toward a lifetime of contemplation.

A Student's Guide to Dimensional Analysis

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Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107161150

Category: Science

Page: 121

View: 1380

This introduction to dimensional analysis covers the methods, history and formalisation of the field, and provides physics and engineering applications. Covering topics from mechanics, hydro- and electrodynamics to thermal and quantum physics, it illustrates the possibilities and limitations of dimensional analysis. Introducing basic physics and fluid engineering topics through the mathematical methods of dimensional analysis, this book is perfect for students in physics, engineering and mathematics. Explaining potentially unfamiliar concepts such as viscosity and diffusivity, the text includes worked examples and end-of-chapter problems with answers provided in an accompanying appendix, which help make it ideal for self-study. Long-standing methodological problems arising in popular presentations of dimensional analysis are also identified and solved, making the book a useful text for advanced students and professionals.

Optische Eigenschaften von Festkörpern

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Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486712407

Category: Science

Page: 523

View: 2528

Dieses exzellente Werk fuhrt aus, in welcher Hinsicht optische Eigenschaften von Festkorpern anders sind als die von Atomen. [...] Die Ausgewogenheit von physikalischen Erklarungen und mathematischer Beschreibung ist sehr gut. DEr Text ist erganzt durch kritische Anmerkungen in den Marginalien und selbsterklarender Abbildungen. BArry R. MAsters, OPN Optics & Photonics News 2011 Fox ist es gelungen, eine gute, kompakte und anspruchsvolle Darstellung der optischen Eigenschaften von Festkorpern vorzulegen. AMerican Journal of Physics

A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers

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Author: Robert E Kennedy

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627488

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 694

Our understanding of the physical universe underwent a revolution in the early twentieth century - evolving from the classical physics of Newton, Galileo, and Maxwell to the modern physics of relativity and quantum mechanics. The dominant figure in this revolutionary change was Albert Einstein. In a single year, 1905, Einstein produced breakthrough works in three areas of physics: on the size and the effects of atoms; on the quantization of the electromagnetic field; and on the special theory of relativity. In 1916 he produced a fourth breakthrough work, the general theory of relativity. A Student's Guide to Einstein's Major Papers focuses on Einstein's contributions, setting his major works into their historical context, and then takes the reader through the details of each paper, including the mathematics. This book helps the reader appreciate the simplicity and insightfulness of Einstein's ideas and how revolutionary his work was, and locate it in the evolution of scientific thought begun by the ancient Greek natural philosophers.

Kurze Antworten auf große Fragen

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Author: Stephen Hawking

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608115102

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 7662

Stephen Hawkings Vermächtnis In seinem letzten Buch gibt Stephen Hawking Antworten auf die drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit und nimmt uns mit auf eine persönliche Reise durch das Universum seiner Weltanschauung. Seine Gedanken zu Ursprung und Zukunft der Menschheit sind zugleich eine Mahnung, unseren Heimatplaneten besser vor den Gefahren unserer Gegenwart zu schützen. Zugänglich und klar finden Sie in diesem Buch Hawkings Antworten auf die drängendsten Fragen unserer Zeit. - Warum gibt es uns Menschen überhaupt? - Und woher kommen wir? - Gibt es im Weltall andere intelligente Lebewesen? - Existiert Gott? - In welchem Zustand befindet sich unser Heimatplanet? - Werden wir auf der Erde überleben? - Retten oder zerstören uns Naturwissenschaften und Technik? - Hilft uns die künstliche Intelligenz, die Erde zu bewahren? - Können wir den Weltraum bevölkern? - Wie werden wir die Schwächsten – Kinder, Kranke, alte Menschen – schützen? - Wie werden wir unsere Kinder erziehen? Brillanter Physiker, revolutionärer Kosmologe, unerschütterlicher Optimist. Für Stephen Hawking bergen die Weiten des Universums nicht nur naturwissenschaftliche Geheimnisse. In seinem persönlichsten Buch beantwortet der Autor die großen Fragen des menschlichen Lebens und spricht die wichtigsten Themen unserer Zeit an. Zugänglich und klar erläutert er die Folgen des menschlichen Fortschritts – vom Klimawandel bis hin zu künstlicher Intelligenz – und diskutiert seine Gefahren. Hier finden Sie Hawkings Antworten auf die Urfragen der Menschheit. Ein großer Appell an politische Machthaber und jeden Einzelnen von uns, unseren bedrohten Heimatplaneten besser zu schützen.

A Student's Guide to Natural Science

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Author: Stephen M. Barr

Publisher: Intercollegiate Studies Institute

ISBN: 9781932236927

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 2114

Physicist Stephen M. Barr’s lucid Student’s Guide to Natural Science aims to give students an understanding, in broad outline, of the nature, history, and great ideas of natural science from ancient times to the present, with a primary focus on physics. Barr begins with the contributions of the ancient Greeks, in particular the two great ideas that reality can be understood by the systematic use of reason and that phenomena have natural explanations. He goes on to discuss, among other things, the medieval roots of the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, the role played by religion in fostering the idea of a lawful natural order, and the major breakthroughs of modern physics, including how many newer “revolutionary” theories are in fact related to much older ones. Throughout this thoughtful guide, Barr draws his readers’ attention to the larger themes and trends of scientific history, including the increasing unification and “mathematization” of our view of the physical world that has resulted in the laws of nature appearing more and more as forming a single harmonious mathematical edifice.

A Student's Guide to Fourier Transforms

With Applications in Physics and Engineering

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Author: J. F. James

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493949

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8100

Fourier transform theory is of central importance in a vast range of applications in physical science, engineering and applied mathematics. Providing a concise introduction to the theory and practice of Fourier transforms, this book is invaluable to students of physics, electrical and electronic engineering, and computer science. After a brief description of the basic ideas and theorems, the power of the technique is illustrated through applications in optics, spectroscopy, electronics and telecommunications. The rarely discussed but important field of multi-dimensional Fourier theory is covered, including a description of Computer Axial Tomography (CAT scanning). The book concludes by discussing digital methods, with particular attention to the Fast Fourier Transform and its implementation. This new edition has been revised to include new and interesting material, such as convolution with a sinusoid, coherence, the Michelson stellar interferometer and the van Cittert–Zernike theorem, Babinet's principle and dipole arrays.

A Student's Guide to Entropy

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Author: Don S. Lemons

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107470048

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 4412

Striving to explore the subject in as simple a manner as possible, this book helps readers understand the elusive concept of entropy. Innovative aspects of the book include the construction of statistical entropy from desired properties, the derivation of the entropy of classical systems from purely classical assumptions, and a statistical thermodynamics approach to the ideal Fermi and ideal Bose gases. Derivations are worked through step-by-step and important applications are highlighted in over 20 worked examples. Around 50 end-of-chapter exercises test readers' understanding. The book also features a glossary giving definitions for all essential terms, a time line showing important developments, and list of books for further study. It is an ideal supplement to undergraduate courses in physics, engineering, chemistry and mathematics.

Modern Atomic Physics

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Author: Vasant Natarajan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482242044

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 6461

Much of our understanding of physics in the last 30-plus years has come from research on atoms, photons, and their interactions. Collecting information previously scattered throughout the literature, Modern Atomic Physics provides students with one unified guide to contemporary developments in the field. After reviewing metrology and preliminary material, the text explains core areas of atomic physics. Important topics discussed include the spontaneous emission of radiation, stimulated transitions and the properties of gas, the physics and applications of resonance fluorescence, coherence, cooling and trapping of charged and neutral particles, and atomic beam magnetic resonance experiments. Covering standards, a different way of looking at a photon, stimulated radiation, and frequency combs, the appendices avoid jargon and use historical notes and personal anecdotes to make the topics accessible to non-atomic physics students. Written by a leader in atomic and optical physics, this text gives a state-of-the-art account of atomic physics within a basic quantum mechanical framework. It shows students how atomic physics has played a key role in many other areas of physics.

Atome, Moleküle und optische Physik 1

Atomphysik und Grundlagen der Spektroskopie

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Author: Ingolf Volker Hertel,Claus-Peter Schulz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662468085

Category: Science

Page: 511

View: 3393

Das Buch wendet sich an fortgeschrittene Studierende der Physik und der Physikalischen Chemie bis hin zur Promotion. Es bietet eine detaillierte Einführung in die wichtigsten Themen der Atom- und Molekülphysik und der damit verbundenen Methoden moderner optischer Physik. Durch die klar strukturierten Kapitel wird der Leser mit den wichtigsten Phänomenen und Modellen der Atom- und Molekülphysik vertraut gemacht und an deren aktuelle Entwicklungen in der modernen Forschung herangeführt. Der vorliegende erste Teil legt den Schwerpunkt auf die Struktur der Atome und Moleküle und der einschlägigen spektroskopischen Methoden. Um das von Studierenden nachgefragte Buch bis zur Neuauflage auch weiterhin lieferbar halten zu können, wurde es schwarzweiß gedruckt.

Atom- und Quantenphysik

Eine Einführung in die experimentellen und theoretischen Grundlagen

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Author: H. Haken,H.C. Wolf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642965555

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6899

Odyssee im Zeptoraum

Eine Reise in die Physik des LHC

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Author: Gian Francesco Giudice

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642223958

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 2371

Der Band lädt Leser ein, die Teilchenphysik mit den Augen eines Insiders zu betrachten, dadurch bieten sich neue Einblicke in die Welt der Teilchen und ihrer Wechselwirkungen. Aufschlussreich und unterhaltsam thematisieren die Autoren die Geschichte des Large Hadron Collider (LHC) und erläutern die mit dem LHC verknüpften wissenschaftlichen Fragen: Existiert das mysteriöse Higgs-Teilchen wirklich? Erstreckt sich der Raum in zusätzliche Dimensionen? Das Buch verhilft dazu, die Entdeckungen der kommenden Jahre mitzuverfolgen und nachzuvollziehen.

The Historical Development of Quantum Theory

Part 1 The Fundamental Equations of Quantum Mechanics 1925–1926 Part 2 The Reception of the New Quantum Mechanics 1925–1926

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Author: Jagdish Mehra,Helmut Rechenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387951782

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 8404

Quantum Theory, together with the principles of special and general relativity, constitute a scientific revolution that has profoundly influenced the way in which we think about the universe and the fundamental forces that govern it. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is a definitive historical study of that scientific work and the human struggles that accompanied it from the beginning. Drawing upon such materials as the resources of the Archives for the History of Quantum Physics, the Niels Bohr Archives, and the archives and scientific correspondence of the principal quantum physicists, as well as Jagdish Mehra's personal discussions over many years with most of the architects of quantum theory, the authors have written a rigorous scientific history of quantum theory in a deeply human context. This multivolume work presents a rich account of an intellectual triumph: a unique analysis of the creative scientific process. The Historical Development of Quantum Theory is science, history, and biography, all wrapped in the story of a great human enterprise. Its lessons will be an aid to those working in the sciences and humanities alike.

Princeton Guide to Advanced Physics

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Author: Alan C. Tribble

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691026626

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 9798

From classical mechanics to general relativity, the key principles in all areas of physics are surveyed in this one handy volume. Here Alan Tribble addresses the needs of students and practicing physicists alike. He starts with a review of mathematical methods and then summarizes the most widely used concepts in physics, detailing derivations and applications. With its mix of theory, application, and solved problems, Advanced Physics enables a student to grasp quickly the fundamentals of the field while providing physicists, engineers, and mathematicians with an ideal reference for locating critical formulas or reviewing mathematical details. One of Tribble's goals is to help students, particularly those preparing for comprehensive examinations, to develop and retain a broad base of knowledge and an in-depth understanding of the fundamental physical principles. Until now, reaching this goal has been a time-consuming and difficult task for the student, partly because so many texts have omitted key steps in crucial derivations or have assigned these derivations as exercises. By gathering widespread information into one highly accessible format, Advanced Physics will become an invaluable study aid, will serve readily as a text in a review course or as a supplemental text in higher-level courses, and will make for an indispensable reference for professionals throughout their careers.