A Sociology of Modern China

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Author: Jean-Louis Rocca

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190612991

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 1244

Jean-Louis Rocca's admirably concise A Sociology of Modern China wears its scholarship lightly and paints an intimate and complex portrait of Chinese society, all the while avoiding clichés and simplifications. He delves into China's history and examines the country's many different social strata so as to better understand the enormous challenges and opportunities with which its people are confronted. After discussing the long march toward reform and the crises along the way - among them the 1989 protests which culminated in the events in Tiananmen Square and elsewhere - Rocca dedicates the second half of the book to the major questions facing the country (or, at the very least, its political elites) today: new forms of social stratification; the interaction between the market and the state; growing individualism; and the pressures exerted by social conflict and political change. In eschewing culturalist visions, Rocca thoroughly and successfully deconstructs received wisdom about Chinese society to reveal a thriving nation and its people.

Modern Economic Development in Japan and China

Developmentalism, Capitalism, and the World Economic System

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Author: X. Huang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137323086

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 3213

The contributors provide a comparative analysis of the modern economic development of Japan and China that are often explained in frameworks of East Asian developmentalism, varies of capitalism or world economic system, and explore their broader significances for the rise and global expansion of modern economy.

School Music Education and Social Change in Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan

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Author: Wai-chung Ho

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004189173

Category: Psychology

Page: 258

View: 6430

This book compares, from a historical and sociopolitical perspective, the respective systems and contents of music education in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan in response to globalization, localization and Sinificiation, with particular reference to Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taipei.

Weltgesellschaft

Theoretische Zugänge und empirische Problemlagen

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Author: Bettina Heintz,Richard Münch,Hartmann Tyrell

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311050944X

Category: Social Science

Page: 514

View: 7940

Dieser Sonderband der "Zeitschrift fr Soziologie" ist der Thematik der "Weltgesellschaft" gewidmet, der Frage also nach den Grenzen und der Reichweite der Gesellschaft heute. Umfassend behandelt der Band die Theorie und Theoriegeschichte der Weltgesellschaft und setzt sich detailliert mit dem Problem von Differenzierung und Integration der Weltgesellschaft auseinander und ebenso mit empirischen Fragen wie Welthandel, Region, Nationalitt, Lokalitt, der Rolle Europas u.a.

Introduction to Comparative Politics, Brief Edition

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Author: Mark Kesselman,Joel Krieger,William Joseph

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111834172

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 3195

Updated to reflect today’s political climate, the Second Edition of INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS, BRIEF offers a country-by-country approach that allows students to fully examine similarities and differences among countries and within and between political systems. Each chapter offers an analysis of political challenges and changing agendas within countries and provides detailed descriptions and analyses of the politics of individual countries. The Second Edition offers a condensed narrative and student-friendly pedagogy such as marginal key terms and marginal focus questions that will help students make meaningful connections and comparisons about the countries presented. INTRODUCTION TO COMPARATIVE POLITICS, BRIEF consists of 8 country case studies, selected for their significance in terms of the comparative themes and because they provide an interesting sample of types of political regimes, levels of economic development, and geographic regions. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Rise of Political Intellectuals in Modern China

May Fourth Societies and the Roots of Mass-party Politics

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Author: Shakhar Rahav

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199382263

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 2280

"This book is a social history of Wuhan radicals during China's May Fourth movement (1915-1923). The book investigates the cultural-political societies activist Yun Daiying founded, illuminating the ways in which May Fourth developed in hinterland cities and prepared the ground for the mass-party politics of the Nationalist Party and Communist Party"--Provided by publisher.

Comparatizing Taiwan

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Author: Shu-mei Shih,Ping-hui Liao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677846

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 300

View: 1184

As the site of crossings of colonizers, settlers, merchants, and goods, island nations such as Taiwan have seen a rich confluence of cultures, where peoples and languages were either forced to mix or did so voluntarily, due largely to colonial conquest and their crucial role in world economy. Through an examination of socio-cultural phenomena, Comparatizing Taiwan situates Taiwan globally, comparatively, and relationally to bring out the nation’s innate richness. This book examines Taiwan in relation to other islands, cultures, or nations in terms of culture, geography, history, politics, and economy. Comparisons include China, Korea, Canada, Hong Kong, Macau, Ireland, Malaysia, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, the United States and the Caribbean, and these comparisons present a number of different issues, alongside a range of sometimes divergent implications. By exploring Taiwan’s many relationalities, material as well as symbolic, over a significant historical and geographical span, the contributors move to expand the horizons of Taiwan studies and reveal the valuable insights that can be obtained by viewing nations, societies and cultures in comparison. Through this process, the book offers crucial reflections on how to compare and how to study small nations. This truly interdisciplinary book will be welcomed by students and scholars interested in Taiwan studies, Sinophone studies, comparative cultural studies, postcolonial studies, and literary studies.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

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Author: S. A. Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667528

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 6434

The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.

Art, Politics, and Commerce in Chinese Cinema

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Author: Ying Zhu,Stanley Rosen

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9622091768

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 2638

"Ying Zhu and Stanley Rosen have brought together some of the leading scholars and critics of Chinese cinema to rethink the political mutations, market manifestations, and artistic innovations that have punctuated a century of Chinese screen memories. From animation to documentary, history of the industry to cinematic attempts to recreate history, propaganda to piracy, the influx of Hollywood imports to Chinese-style blockbusters, Art, Politics, and Commerce in Chinese Cinema presents a fresh set of critical approaches to the field that should be required reading for scholars, students, and anyone interested in the past, present, and future of one of the most vibrant and dynamic film industries in the world."-Michael Berry, author, Jia Zhangke's "Hometown Trilogy" and A History of Pain "An excellent collection of articles that together offer a superb introduction to contemporary Chinese film studies."-Richard Pena, Program Director, Film Society of Lincoln Center "This is one of the most important, comprehensive, and profoundly important books about Chinese cinema. As correctly pointed out by the editors of the volume, understanding of the emerging film industry in China requires a systematic examination of arts, politics, and commerce of Chinese cinema. By organizing the inquiry of the Chinese film industry around its local and global market, politics, and film art, the authors place the current transformation of Chinese cinema within a large framework. The book has set a new standard for research on Chinese cinema. It is a must-read for students of arts, culture, and politics in China."-Tianjian Shi, Duke University Art politics, and commerce are intertwined everywhere, but in China the interplay is explicit, intimate, and elemental, and nowhere more so than in the film industry. Understanding this interplay in the era of market reform and globalization is essential to understanding mainland Chinese cinema. This interdisciplinary book provides a comprehensive reappraisal of Chinese cinema, surveying the evolution of film production and consumption in mainland China as a product of shifting relations between art, politics, and commerce. Within these arenas, each of the twelve chapters treats a particular history, development, genre, filmmaker or generation of filmmakers, adding up to a distinctively comprehensive rendering of Chinese cinema. The book illuminates China's changing stat-society relations, the trajectory of marketization and globalization, the effects of China's start historical shifts, Hollywood's role, the role of nationalism, and related themes of interest to scholars of Asian studies, cinema and media studies, political science, sociology comparative literature and Chinese language. Ying Zhu is professor of cinema studies in the Department of Media Culture and co-coordinator of the Modern China Studies Program at the City University of New York, College of Staten Island. Stanley Rosen is director of the East Asian Studies Center and a professor of political science at the University of Southern California.

Minority Rights in the Middle East

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Author: Joshua Castellino,Kathleen A. Cavanaugh

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191668885

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 3804

Within the Middle East there are a wide range of minority groups outside the mainstream religious and ethnic culture. This book provides a detailed examination of their rights as minorities within this region, and their changing status throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The rights of minorities in the Middle East are subject to a range of legal frameworks, having developed in part from Islamic law, and in recent years subject to international human rights law and institutional frameworks. The book examines the context in which minority rights operate within this conflicted region, investigating how minorities engage with (or are excluded from) various sites of power and how state practice in dealing with minorities (often ostensibly based on Islamic authority) intersects with and informs modern constitutionalism and international law. The book identifies who exactly can be classed as a minority group, analysing in detail the different religious and ethnic minorities across the region. The book also pays special attention to the plight of minorities who are spread between various states, often as the result of conflict. It assesses the applicable domestic legislative instruments within the three countries investigated as case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, and highlights key domestic remedies that could serve as models for ensuring greater social cohesion and greater inclusion of minorities in the political life of these countries.

European-East Asian Borders in Translation

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Author: Joyce C.H. Liu,Nick Vaughan-Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135011532

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 1380

European-East Asian Borders is an international, trans-disciplinary volume that breaks new ground in the study of borders and bordering practices in global politics. It explores the insights and limitations of border theory developed primarily in the European context to a range of historical and contemporary border-related issues and phenomena in East Asia. The essays presented here question, rather than assume, the various borders between inclusion/exclusion, here/there, us/them, that condition the (im)possibility of translating between histories, cultures and identities. Contributors suggest that the act of translation offers new ways of thinking about how border logics operate, taking on the concept of translation itself as border problematic and therefore raising questions of power and authority, such as who gets to act as a translator, or who benefits from the outcome. The book will appeal not only to upper-level students and scholars with a geopolitical-historical interest in East Asia, but also to those who work in the inter-disciplinary field of border studies and others with an interest more generally in translation and the extent to which theory ‘travels’ across time and space.

Indian and Chinese Immigrant Communities

Comparative Perspectives

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Author: Jayati Bhattacharya,Coonoor Kripalani

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783084472

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3947

This interdisciplinary collection of essays offers a window onto the overseas Indian and Chinese communities in Asia. Contributors discuss the interactive role of the cultural and religious ‘other’, the diasporic absorption of local beliefs and customs, and the practical business networks and operational mechanisms unique to these communities. Growing out of an international workshop organized by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore and the Centre of Asian Studies at the University of Hong Kong, this volume explores material, cultural and imaginative features of the immigrant communities and brings together these two important communities within a comparative framework.

Geschichtswissenschaft jenseits des Nationalstaats

Studien zu Beziehungsgeschichte und Zivilisationsvergleich

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Author: Jürgen Osterhammel

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647351628

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 9348

Die deutsche Geschichtswissenschaft ist in weiten Teilen von einer nationalgeschichtlichen Perspektive gekennzeichnet. Die in diesem Band gesammelten Aufsätze sind als Einspruch gegen diese einseitige Prägung zu verstehen. Jürgen Osterhammel behandelt zwischen den Polen Vergleich und Beziehungsgeschichte verschiedene Themen der Weltgeschichte, wobei der Begriff »Beziehung« sich nicht auf dem Bereich der internationalen Politik beschränkt, sondern andere Arten von Beziehungen wie etwa Kulturtransfers in gleicher Weise einbezieht. Auch geht es in diesem Band nicht um »Außereuropäische Geschichte« – letztlich eine Kategorie einer auf Europa zentrierten Historie – sondern vielmehr darum, Amerika, Asien, Afrika und Ozeanien in den Horizont einer »normalen« Geschichtswissenschaft zu integrieren. Neben eine nationalgeschichtliche und eine auf Europa zielende Historie könnte so eine Geschichte in weltbürgerlicher Absicht treten. Dabei geht es nicht um Antworten von globaler Gültigkeit, sondern um Fragen in einem universalen Horizont.

Comparative Politics

Notes and Readings

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Author: Bernard Edward Brown,Roy C. Macridis

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt P

ISBN: 9780534261368

Category: Political Science

Page: 474

View: 8444

This balanced collection of classical and contemporary articles, based on a range of scholarly viewpoints, explores the tumultuous past and present of world politics. The book's forty-five selections allow readers to compare political institutions and government regimes (democratic, authoritarian, and post-communist) and examine the dynamics of decision making, performance, and political change. Close to half of the readings in this Eighth Edition are new, reflecting the dramatic political events of recent years: the collapse of the Soviet Union and other communist systems in Europe, the struggle of former communist nations to create democratic institutions and a market economy, and the explosion of ethnic conflict, without neglecting the problems within established democracies and industrialized societies. These readings, complemented with introductory essays from the editors, provide a stimulating overview of the tested theories and current trends in comparative politics.

Problems of Democratization in China

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Author: Thomas G. Lum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317734025

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 1167

First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Revolution

Critical Concepts in Political Science

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Author: Rosemary H. T. O'Kane

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415201353

Category: Political science

Page: 560

View: 1873

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

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Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 1515

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism" (VOC) and "comparative business systems" fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 31 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.