A Natural History of the Common Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: S. F. C. Milsom

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503490

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 7455

How does law come to be stated as substantive rules, and then how does it change? In this collection of discussions from the James S. Carpentier Lectures in legal history and criticism, one of Britain's most acclaimed legal historians S. F. C. Milsom focuses on the development of English common law—the intellectually coherent system of substantive rules that courts bring to bear on the particular facts of individual cases—from which American law was to grow. Milsom discusses the differences between the development of land law and that of other kinds of law and, in the latter case, how procedural changes allowed substantive rules first to be stated and then to be circumvented. He examines the invisibility of early legal change and how adjustment to conditions was hidden behind such things as the changing meaning of words. Milsom points out that legal history may be more prone than other kinds of history to serious anachronism. Nobody ever states his assumptions, and a legal writer, addressing his contemporaries, never provided a glossary to warn future historians against attributing their own meanings to his words and therefore their own assumptions to his world. Formal continuity has enabled nineteenth-century assumptions to be carried back, in some respects as far back as the twelfth century. This book brings together Milsom's efforts to understand the uncomfortable changes that lie beneath that comforting formal surface. Those changes were too large to have been intended by anyone at the time and too slow to be perceived by historians working within the short periods now imposed by historical convention. The law was made not by great men making great decisions but by man-sized men unconcerned with the future and thinking only about their own immediate everyday difficulties. King Henry II, for example, did not intend the changes attributed to him in either land law or criminal law; the draftsman of De Donis did not mean to create the entail; nobody ever dreamed up a fiction with intent to change the law.

Streitentscheidung und Normbildung durch den Zivilprozess

eine rechtsvergleichende Untersuchung zum deutschen, englischen und US-amerikanischen Recht

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Felix Maultzsch

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161505386

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 8278

English summary: What is the relationship between the dispute settlement referring to one specific case and the law-making function in the decision-making process of the appellate courts? Felix Maultzsch looks into this question in a comparative study of German, English and US law. German description: Die richterliche Normbildung verkorpert einen immer bedeutsamer werdenden Aspekt der hochstrichterlichen Tatigkeit. Hiermit stellt sich zugleich die Frage, in welchem Verhaltnis diese Normbildung zu der Entscheidung des jeweils anhangigen Rechtsstreits steht. Bildet der konkrete Fall den wesentlichen Entscheidungs- und Erkenntnisgegenstand, aus dem zugleich allgemeinere Ruckschlusse gezogen werden, oder bildet er einen blossen Anlass fur eine abstrakt orientierte Normbildung? Felix Maultzsch geht dieser Frage in einer rechtsvergleichenden Untersuchung zum deutschen, englischen und US-amerikanischen Recht nach, die sich an dem prozessual-institutionellen Rahmen der richterlichen Tatigkeit orientiert. Er untersucht das Verhaltnis zwischen Streitentscheidung und Normbildung aus entwicklungsgeschichtlicher und rechtstheoretischer Perspektive und behandelt zudem konkrete prozessuale Anwendungsbeispiele. Hierbei kann fur die hochstrichterliche Ebene die Grundtendenz beobachtet werden, dass die Normbildung einen immer starkeren Eigenwert erlangt und sich von der Streitentscheidung gleichsam loslost. Der Autor pladiert demgegenuber fur eine Ruckbesinnung auf das klassische Modell, nach dem der jeweilige Fall das Zentrum der richterlichen Tatigkeit bildet und die Rechtsschopfung leitet. Dieser Ansatz konzentriert sich auf die genuinen Starken des Prozesses der richterlichen Entscheidungsfindung und ermoglicht somit auf lange Sicht auch eine nachhaltigere Normbildung.

Rechtsdogmatik in England

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin Flohr

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161552809

Category: Law

Page: 355

View: 3708

Lasst sich die Prasenz dogmatischen Denkens als Beleg fur den europaischen Charakter des englischen Rechts anfuhren? Martin Flohr erhellt den geistesgeschichtlichen Hintergrund des englischen Rechtsdenkens, zeichnet ein Bild der englischen Rechtsmentalitat und deckt die institutionellen Hindernisse auf, die der Verbreitung dogmatischer Methoden entgegenstanden. Seit einigen Jahren ist ein tiefgreifender Wandel des Selbstverstandnisses englischer Universitatsjuristen zu beobachten. In der lebhaften Debatte daruber, ob und gegebenenfalls wie das Fallrecht systematisiert werden kann, ohne es zu verfalschen und seiner Anpassungsfahigkeit zu berauben, wird der Mentalitatsbruch besonders deutlich. Wahrend die altere Generation der Rechtslehrer sich mit einer akkuraten Darstellung der Kasuistik begnugt hatte, sucht der wissenschaftliche Nachwuchs nach der inneren Struktur des Rechts sowie den bestmoglichen Erklarungen fur dessen Regeln. Martin Flohr stellt verschiedene Forschungsansatze vor, die eine Rationalisierung des Privatrechts versprechen, und eroffnet damit auch eine neue Perspektive auf die Grundlagen der kontinentaleuropaischen Jurisprudenz.

The Oxford History of the Laws of England Volume II

871-1216

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Hamilton Baker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019826030X

Category: History

Page: 956

View: 4866

By 1216 the foundations of the English common law had been laid. This book assesses the development of law and society during the preceeding three centuries, including the Norman Conquest of 1066. It analyses the great legacy of the Anglo-Saxon realm, the impact of Norman custom, and the energetic contribution of the twelfth-century kings.

The Oxford History of the Laws of England Volume II

871-1216

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Hudson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191630039

Category: Law

Page: 984

View: 718

This volume in the landmark Oxford History of the Laws of England series, spans three centuries that encompassed the tumultuous years of the Norman conquest, and during which the common law as we know it today began to emerge. The first full-length treatment of all aspects of the early development of the English common law in a century, featuring extensive research into the original sources that bring the era to life, and providing an interpretative account, a detailed subject analysis, and fascinating glimpses into medieval disputes. Starting with King Alfred (871-899), this book examines the particular contributions of the Anglo-Saxon period to the development of English law, including the development of a powerful machinery of royal government, significant aspects of a long-lasting court structure, and important elements of law relating to theft and violence. Until the reign of King Stephen (1135-54), these Anglo-Saxon contributions were maintained by the Norman rulers, whilst the Conquest of 1066 led to the development of key aspects of landholding that were to have a continuing effect on the emerging common law. The Angevin period saw the establishment of more routine royal administration of justice, closer links between central government and individuals in the localities, and growing bureaucratization. Finally, the later twelfth and earlier thirteenth century saw influential changes in legal expertise. The book concludes with the rebellion against King John in 1215 and the production of the Magna Carta. Laying out in exhaustive detail the origins of the English common law through the ninth to the early thirteenth centuries, this book will be essential reading for all legal historians and a vital work of reference for academics, students, and practitioners.

Thinking Like a Lawyer

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Frederick Schauer

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674032705

Category: Law

Page: 239

View: 8265

This primer on legal reasoning is aimed at law students and upper-level undergraduates. But it is also an original exposition of basic legal concepts that scholars and lawyers will find stimulating. It covers such topics as rules, precedent, authority, analogical reasoning, the common law, statutory interpretation, legal realism, judicial opinions, legal facts, and burden of proof.

French Administrative Law and the Common-law World

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Bernard Schwartz,Arthur T. Vanderbilt

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584777044

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 7754

Schwartz provides a masterly exposition of administrative law through a comparative study of the French droit administratif, arguably the most sophisticated Continental model. As Vanderbilt points out in his introduction, this is an important field that involves much more than administrative procedure. It deals directly with some of the most crucial issues of modern government regarding the distribution of power between governmental units, the resulting effect on the freedom of the individual and on the strength and stability of the state. Reprint of the sole edition. "[T]his book represents a significant achievement.... Unlike so many volumes that roll off the press these days, it fills a real need; and, though perhaps not the definitive work in English on the subject, it fills it extremely well." --Frederic S. Burin, Columbia Law Review 54 (1954) 1016 Bernard Schwartz [1923-1997] was professor of law and director of the Institute of Comparative Law, New York University. He was the author of over fifty books, including The Code Napoleon and the Common-Law World (1956), the five-volume Commentary on the Constitution of the United States (1963-68), Constitutional Law: A Textbook (2d ed., 1979), Administrative Law: A Casebook (4th ed., 1994) and A History of the Supreme Court (1993).

Law, Liberty and the Constitution

A Brief History of the Common Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Harry Potter

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 178327011X

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 5106

A new approach to the telling of legal history, devoid of jargon and replete with good stories, which will be of interest to anyone wishing to know more about the common law - the spinal cord of the English body politic.

A Concise History of the Common Law

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Theodore Frank Thomas Plucknett

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584771372

Category: History

Page: 802

View: 3046

Plucknett, Theodore F.T. A Concise History of the Common Law. Fifth Edition. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1956. Reprinted 2001 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 00-067821. ISBN 1-58477-137-2. Cloth. $125. * "Professor Plucknett has such a solid reputation on both sides of the Atlantic that one expects from his pen only what is scholarly and accurate...Nor is the expectation likely to be disappointed in this book. Plucknett's book is not...a mere epitome of what is to be found elsewhere. He has explored on his own account many regions of legal history and, even where the ground has been already quartered, he has fresh methods of mapping it. The title which he has chosen is, in view of the contents of the volume, rather a narrow one. It might equally well have been A Concise History of English Law...In conjunction with Readings on the History and System of the Common Law by Dean Pound...this book will give an excellent grounding to the student of English legal history." Percy H. Winfield. Harv. L. Rev. 43:339-340.

Judges and Judging in the History of the Common Law and Civil Law

From Antiquity to Modern Times

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Paul Brand,Joshua Getzler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107018978

Category: Law

Page: 349

View: 4249

Leading historical research analysing the history of judges and judging, allowing comparisons between British, American, Commonwealth and Civil Law jurisdictions.

Legalism

Community and Justice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Fernanda Pirie,Judith Scheele

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191025933

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 6929

'Community' and 'justice' recur in anthropological, historical, and legal scholarship, yet as concepts they are notoriously slippery. Historians and lawyers look to anthropologists as 'community specialists', but anthropologists often avoid the concept through circumlocution: although much used (and abused) by historians, legal thinkers, and political philosophers, the term remains strikingly indeterminate and often morally overdetermined. 'Justice', meanwhile, is elusive, alternately invoked as the goal of contemporary political theorizing, and wrapped in obscure philosophical controversy. A conceptual knot emerges in much legal and political thought between law, justice, and community, but theories abound, without any agreement over concepts. The contributors to this volume use empirical case studies to unpick threads of this knot. Local codes from Anglo-Saxon England, north Africa, and medieval Armenia indicate disjunctions between community boundaries and the subjects of local rules and categories; processes of justice from early modern Europe to eastern Tibet suggest new ways of conceptualizing the relationship between law and justice; and practices of exile that recur throughout the world illustrate contingent formulations of community. In the first book in the series, Legalism: Anthropology and History, law was addressed through a focus on local legal categories as conceptual tools. Here this approach is extended to the ideas and ideals of justice and community. Rigorous cross-cultural comparison allows the contributors to avoid normative assumptions, while opening new avenues of inquiry for lawyers, anthropologists, and historians alike.

A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence

Vol. 6: A History of the Philosophy of Law from the Ancient Greeks to the Scholastics; Vol. 7: The Jurists' Philosophy of Law from Rome to the Seventeenth Century; Vol 8: A History of the Phil. of Law in the Common Law World, 1600-1900.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Lobban

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402049507

Category: Law

Page: 948

View: 9166

This comprehensive treatment of legal philosophy and general jurisprudence is designed for jurists as well as legal and practical philosophers. The treatise is presented in two sections: The 5-volume Theoretical part (2005) covers topics of contemporary debate; The 6-volume Historical part (2006-2007) traces the development of legal thought from ancient Greece through the twentieth century. This release incorporates Vol. 6: A History of the Philosophy of Law from the Ancient Greeks to the Scholastics; Vol. 7: The Jurists' Philosophy of Law from Rome to the Seventeenth Century; and Vol 8: A History of the Philosophy of Law in the Common Law World, 1600-1900.

Aboriginal Societies and the Common Law

A History of Sovereignty, Status, and Self-determination

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Paul G. McHugh

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 661

View: 539

This book describes the encounter between the common law legal system and the tribal peoples of North America and Australasia. It is a history of the role of anglophone law in managing relations between the British settlers and indigenous peoples from colonial foundation to the end of the Twentieth century. The historical basis of relations is described through the enduring, but constantly shifting questions of sovereignty, status and, more recently, self-determination.

Americanization of the Common Law

The Impact of Legal Change on Massachusetts Society, 1760-1830

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William Edward Nelson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820315874

Category: Law

Page: 269

View: 4919

Americanization of the Common Law remains one of the standard works on the transformation of law in America from the late colonial period to the end of the early republic. In a straightforward manner, William E. Nelson analyzes the profound ideological movement that grew out of the American Revolution and caused substantial structural change in the legal and social order of Massachusetts and, by extension, in the nation at large. The Revolution, Nelson argues, transformed a hierarchical and communitarian legal and social order into an egalitarian and individualistic one. For this edition, Nelson has written a new preface in which he discusses the book's initial reception and the relevant historiographical issues that have arisen since it was first published in 1975.

Tort Law and the Legislature

Common Law, Statute and the Dynamics of Legal Change

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: T T Arvind,Jenny Steele

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782250549

Category: Law

Page: 546

View: 7960

The study of the law of tort is generally preoccupied by case law, while the fundamental impact of legislation is often overlooked. At a jurisprudential level there is an unspoken view that legislation is generally piecemeal and at best self-contained and specific; at worst dependent on the whim of political views at a particular time. With a different starting point, this volume seeks to test such notions, illustrating, among other things, the widespread and lasting influence of legislation on the shape and principles of the law of tort; the variety of forms of legislation and the complex nature of political and policy concerns that may lie behind their enactment; the sometimes unexpected consequences of statutory reform; and the integration not only of statutory rules but also of legislative policy into the operation of tort law today. The apparently sharp distinction between judicially created private law principles, and democratically enacted legislative rules and policies, is therefore questioned, and it is argued that to describe the principles of the law of tort without referring to statute is potentially highly misleading. This book shows that legislation is important not only because of the way it varies or replaces case law, but because it also deeply influences the intrinsic character of that law, providing some of its most familiar characteristics. The book provides the first extended interpretation of legislative intervention in the law of tort. Each of the chapters, by leading tort scholars, deals with an aspect of the influence of legislation on the law of tort. While the nature, sources and extent of legislative influence in personal injury law is an essential feature of the collection, other significant areas of tort law are explored, including tort in the context of commercial law, labour law, regulation and the welfare state. Essays on the Compensation Act 2006 and Human Rights Act 1998 bring the current state of the interplay between tort, politics and legislation to the forefront. In all of these contexts, contributors explore the deeper lessons that can be learned about the nature of the law of tort and its changing role and functions over time. Cited with approval in the Singapore Court of Appeal by VK Rajah JA in See Toh Siew Kee vs Ho Ah Lam Ferrocement (Pte) Ltd and others, [2013] SGCA 29