A Hunter-Gatherer Landscape

Southwest Germany in the Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic

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Author: Michael A. Jochim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441986642

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 8873

As an archaeologist with primary research and training experience in North American arid lands, I have always found the European Stone Age remote and impenetrable. My initial introduction, during a survey course on world prehis tory, established that (for me, at least) it consisted of more cultures, dates, and named tool types than any undergraduate ought to have to remember. I did not know much, but I knew there were better things I could be doing on a Saturday night. In any event, after that I never seriously entertained any notion of pur suing research on Stone Age Europe-that course was enough for me. That's a pity, too, because Paleolithic Europe-especially in the late Pleistocene and early Holocene-was the scene of revolutionary human adaptive change. Iron ically, all of it was amenable to investigation using precisely the same models and analytical tools I ended up spending the better part of two decades applying in the Great Basin of western North America. Back then, of course, few were thinking about the late Paleolithic or Me solithic in such terms. Typology, classification, and chronology were the order of the day, as the text for my undergraduate course reflected. Jochim evidently bridled less than I at the task of mastering these chronotaxonomic mysteries, yet he was keenly aware of their limitations-in particular, their silence on how individual assemblages might be connected as part of larger regional subsis tence-settlement systems.

POCA 2007

Postgraduate Cypriot Archaeology Conference

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Author: Paraskevi Christodoulou,Anna Satraki

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443826197

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 4222

The Postgraduate Cypriot Archaeology Conference (POCA) was held in Cyprus in 2007. This event brought together a significant number of distinguished young scholars from research institutions all over the world, conducting research on the history and archaeology of the island. The proceedings volume of this conference is a multidisciplinary collection of papers that spans from the prehistoric to the medieval times, a significant contribution to the field of archaeological research that will engage young and older scholars and provide the groundwork for further development of research ideas, methodologies and collaborations.

The Evolution of Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Archaeological Evidence from the North Pacific

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Author: Ben Fitzhugh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306478536

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 3587

When the Russians ventured to the North pacific coast of Alaska in the second half of the 18th century, they encountered a group of people who could be characterised as hunter-gatherers, but which had complex socio-political systems, were sedentary, densely populated and highly militaristic.

Forthcoming Books

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Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9902

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 2646

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Gathering Hopewell

Society, Ritual and Ritual Interaction

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Author: Christopher Carr,D. Troy Case

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306484797

Category: Social Science

Page: 807

View: 7737

Among the most socially and personally vocal archaeological remains on the North American continent are the massive and often complexly designed earthen architecture of Hopewellian peoples of two thousand years ago, their elaborately embellished works of art made of glistening metals and stones from faraway places, and their highly formalized mortuaries. In this book, twenty-one researchers in interwoven efforts immerse themselves and the reader in this vibrant archaeological record in order to richly reconstruct the societies, rituals, and ritual interactions of Hopewellian peoples. By finding the faces, actions, and motivations of Hopewellian peoples as individuals who constructed knowable social roles, the authors explore, in a personalized and locally contextualized manner, the details of Hopewellian life: leadership, its sacred and secular power bases, recruitment, and formalization over time; systems of social ranking and prestige; animal-totemic clan organization, kinship structures, and sodalities; gender roles, prestige, work load, and health; community organization in its tri-scalar residential, symbolic, and demographic forms; intercommunity alliances and changes in their strategies and expanses over time; and interregional travels for power questing, pilgrimage, healing, tutelage, and acquiring ritual knowledge. This book is useful to scholars, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates interested in the workings and development of social complexity at local and interregional scales, recent theoretical developments in the anthropology of the topics listed above, the prehistory of eastern North America, its history of intellectual development, and Native American ritual, symbolism, and belief.

The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors

Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding

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Author: Daniel Troy Case,Christopher Carr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387773878

Category: Social Science

Page: 774

View: 3785

Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding

Mesolithic Northern England

Environment, Population and Settlement

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Author: Penny Spikins

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 1898

Study addressing the idea of gradual population increase focussing on northern England, and also examining issues such as resource exploitation and settlement patterns. The author models the changing environment of northern England using GIS and discusses possible human adaptations to these changes and the implications for the concept of gradual population increase.

Paisajes arqueológicos

un estudio comparativo de diferentes ambientes patagónicos

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Author: Juan Bautista Belardi

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 1572

This thesis identifies, describes and seeks to account for the different archaeological landscapes exploited by early hunter-gatherers in certain regions of Patagonia. Focusing on the environmentally diverse regions of the Valdés Peninsula, the Cerro Castillo and Lago Argentino, Juan Bautista Belardi examines the resources available in these areas, and the key environmental variables and risks to early human occupation. Highlighting factors such as altitude, access to water, lithic material, woodland and upland resources, suitable habitation sites, and proximity to the coast, this comparative study reaches broader conclusions as to the archaeological landscapes exploited by hinter-gatherers of Patagonia. Spanish text.

Steinzeitliche Bauern in Deutschland

Die Landwirtschaft im Neolithikum

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Author: Jens Lüning

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Neolithic period

Page: 285

View: 5584

Archäobotanik - Archäozoologie - Wohngebäude.

Das Jungneolithikum in Schleswig-Holstein

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Author: Sebastian Schultrich

Publisher: Scales of Transformation

ISBN: 9789088907432

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 3307

Deutsche Beschreibung Das Buch bietet eine detaillierte Darstellung des Jüngeren Neolithikums (ca. 2850 - 2250 v.Chr.) in Schleswig-Holstein (SH). Neben der Vorlage aller bisher bekannter Funde und Befunde der Einzelgrabkultur wird ein besonderer Fokus auf deren Hammeräxte gelegt. Sie sind das meist vorkommende Artefakt und bieten in ihren Kontexten eine Möglichkeit, soziale Praktiken des Jungneolithikums zu analysieren. Grundsätzlich nimmt die Variationsbreite der Hammeräxte mit der Zeit zu, was - ähnlich wie bei den Flintdolchen - als ein Hinweis auf komplexer werdende soziale Beziehungen gewertet wird. Viele Hammeräxte wurden fragmentiert deponiert. Zahlreiche Argumente werden angeführt, warum dies intentionell und rituell geschah. Wir haben es mit einer neuen Deponierungspraxis zu tun, die in dieser Form aus dem Mittelneolithikum nicht bekannt war. Zusätzlich können Unterschiede in Deponierungspraktiken zwischen dem westlichen und östlichen Holstein festgestellt werden, die als eine strukturell unterschiedliche soziale Orientierung der beteiligten Gruppen interpretiert werden. English abstract (text in German) This book offers a comprehensive study of the Younger Neolithic period ([YN], c. 2850 - 2250 BC) of Schleswig-Holstein (SH). Apart from presenting all currently known artifacts and contexts of that period in detail, a particular focus was placed on the examination of YN battle axes. They appear to be the most common artifact that is preserved from the YN, and they are very well suited for investigating social phenomena. These artifacts furthermore changed diachronically. While battle axes of the early stage are shaped more or less equally elaborately, late specimens exhibit significant morphological variation and difference, as some specimens were shaped very elaborately whereas others were quite simple. The same difference has been observed for the subsequently used flint daggers. It is suggested that this difference reflects the emergence of a more stratified society. Many battle axes appear to have been deposited as broken pieces. As the ratio of cutting edges to butt ends is unequal (2:1) both in SH and in a wider region and as many pieces have "decorations" (Applikationen, pars pro toto shaft holes), battle axes are regarded as intentionally deposited. Accordingly, a large proportion of single finds are regarded as intentional depositions. Another focus was set on examining the transition to the YN. It is argued that many aspects that are said to characterize the YN are rooted in the preceding Middle Neolithic. A novelty is that social role becomes marked in funerary contexts. Thus, the transformation to the YN marks a certain point where already initiated societal changes become visible for first time. The examination of certain attributes revealed furthermore that there are differences between western and eastern SH which are not determined by chronological changes only. Rather, general differences appear between western and eastern regions, an in a wider geographical as well as temporal frame, which might be linked to different social orientations - either collectively or individually acting groups. Scales of Transformation Series This is the publication series of the Kiel University research project "CRC 1266" which takes a long-term perspective, from 15,000 BCE to 1 BCE, to investigate processes of transformation in a crucial period of human history, from late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers to early state societies. Funded by the German Research Foundation, the CRC combines research of around 60 scientists from eight institutions and the Johanna-Mestorf-Academy of the Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel as well as the Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology (ZBSA) and the Archaeological State Museum Schloss Gottdorf.

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

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Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6939

Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)