A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Second Edition

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Author: James G. Carrier

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809291

Category: Social Science

Page: 662

View: 7249

Acclaim for the first edition: 'The volume is a remarkable contribution to economic anthropology and will no doubt be a fundamental tool for students, scholars, and experts in the sub-discipline.' – Mao Mollona, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 'This excellent overview would serve as an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level classroom use. . . Because of the clarity, conciseness, and accessibility of the writing, the chapters in this volume likely will be often cited and recommended to those who want the alternative and frequently culturally comparative perspective on economic topics that anthropology provides. Highly recommended. All academic levels/libraries.' – K.F. Rambo, Choice The first edition of this unique Handbook was praised for its substantial and invaluable summary discussions of work by anthropologists on economic processes and issues, on the relationship between economic and non-economic areas of life and on the conceptual orientations that are important among economic anthropologists. This thoroughly revised edition brings those discussions up to date, and includes an important new section exploring ways that leading anthropologists have approached the current economic crisis. Its scope and accessibility make it useful both to those who are interested in a particular topic and to those who want to see the breadth and fruitfulness of an anthropological study of economy. This comprehensive Handbook will strongly appeal to undergraduate and post-graduate students in anthropology, economists interested in social and cultural dimensions of economic life, and alternative approaches to economic life, political economists, political scientists and historians.

A Handbook of Cultural Economics

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Author: Ruth Towse

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857930575

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 6054

The second edition of this widely acclaimed and extensively cited collection of original contributions by specialist authors reflects changes in the field of cultural economics over the last eight years. Thoroughly revised chapters alongside new topics and contributors bring the Handbook up-to-date, taking into account new research, literature and the impact of new technologies in the creative industries. The book covers a range of topics encompassing the creative industries as well as the economics of the arts and culture, and includes chapters on: economics of art (including auctions, markets, prices, anthropology), artists' labour markets, creativity and the creative economy, cultural districts, cultural value, globalization and international trade, the internet, media economics, museums, non-profit organisations, opera, performance indicators, performing arts, publishing, regulation, tax expenditures, and welfare economics.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2659

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

How Humans Cooperate

Confronting the Challenges of Collective Action

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Author: Richard E. Blanton,Lane F. Fargher

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607325144

Category: Social Science

Page: 435

View: 9578

In How Humans Cooperate, Richard E. Blanton and Lane F. Fargher take a new approach to investigating human cooperation, developed from the vantage point of an "anthropological imagination." Drawing on the discipline’s broad and holistic understanding of humans in biological, social, and cultural dimensions and across a wide range of temporal and cultural variation, the authors unite psychological and institutional approaches by demonstrating the interplay of institution building and cognitive abilities of the human brain. Blanton and Fargher develop an approach that is strongly empirical, historically deep, and more synthetic than other research designs, using findings from fields as diverse as neurobiology, primatology, ethnography, history, art history, and archaeology. While much current research on collective action pertains to local-scale cooperation, How Humans Cooperate puts existing theories to the test at larger scales in markets, states, and cities throughout the Old and New Worlds. This innovative book extends collective action theory beyond Western history and into a broadly cross-cultural dimension, places cooperation in the context of large and complex human societies, and demonstrates the interplay of collective action and aspects of human cognitive ability. By extending the scope and content of collective action theory, the authors find a fruitful new path to understanding human cooperation.

The Elgar Companion to Social Economics

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Author: John Bryan Davis,Wilfred Dolfsma

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442777

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 704

View: 6825

I highly recommend this volume for all scholars interested in challenging conventional wisdom about how a capitalist economy works, and willing to call into question assumptions that narrow our interpretation, preventing more socially beneficial practices from being implemented. International Sociology Davis and Dolfsma have edited a volume of 36 essays that provides a first-rate introduction to the recent cutting-edge scholarship in social economics. . . the volume provides an impressive and broad array of articles covering traditional social economic topics. . . Each essay is an excellent point of entry into social economic thought. This volume will be of great interest to economists writing in the heterodox tradition and/or to mainstream economists seeking a richer analysis of socioeconomic relationships. Highly recommended. Q.M. Duroy, Choice As this comprehensive Companion demonstrates, social economics is a dynamic and growing field that emphasizes the key role that values play in the economy and in economic life. Social economics treats the economy and economics as being embedded in the larger web of social and ethical relationships. It also regards economics and ethics as essentially connected, and adds values such as justice, fairness, dignity, well-being, freedom and equality to the standard emphasis on efficiency. The Elgar Companion to Social Economics brings together the leading contributors in the field to elucidate a wide range of recent developments across different subject areas and topics. In so doing the contributors also map the likely trends and directions of future research. This Companion will undoubtedly become a leading reference source and guide to social economics for many years to come. Providing concise discussion and an indication of what to expect in future decades, this interdisciplinary Companion will be of great interest to students and academics of social economics and socio-economics, as well as institutional, evolutionary and heterodox economics. It will also appeal to management scholars and those concerned with business ethics.

The International Handbook of Political Ecology

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Author: Raymond L Bryant

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936174

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 7098

The International Handbook of Political Ecology features chapters by leading scholars from around the world in a unique collection exploring the multi-disciplinary field of political ecology. This landmark volume canvasses key developments, topics, iss

Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Sport

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Author: Richard Giulianotti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134116624

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 654

The sociology of sport is a core discipline within the academic study of sport. It helps us to understand what sport is and why it matters. Sociological knowledge, implicit or explicit, therefore underpins scholarly enquiry into sport in every aspect. The Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Sport is a landmark publication that brings together the most important themes, theories and issues within the sociology of sport, tracing the contours of the discipline and surveying the state-of-the-art. Part One explores the main theories and analytical approaches that define contemporary sport sociology and introduces the most important methodological issues confronting researchers working in the social scientific study of sport. Part Two examines the connections and divisions between sociology and cognate disciplines within sport studies, including history, anthropology, economics, leisure and tourism studies, philosophy, politics and psychology. Part Three investigates how the most important social divisions within sport, and in wider society, are addressed in sport sociology, including ‘race‘, gender, class, sexuality and disability. Part Four explores a wide range of pressing contemporary issues associated with sport, including sport and the body, social problems associated with sport, sport places and settings, and the global aspects of sport. Written by a team of leading international sport scholars, including many of the most well-known, respected and innovative thinkers working in the discipline, the Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Sport is an essential reference for any student, researcher or professional with an interest in sport.

Handbook of Evolution

The Evolution of Human Societies and Cultures

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Author: Franz M. Wuketits,Christoph Antweiler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527620338

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 5551

This two-volume handbook is unique in spanning the entire field of evolution, from the origins of life up to the formation of social structures and science and technology. The author team of world-renowned experts considers the subject from a variety of disciplines, with continuous cross-referencing so as to retain a logical internal structure. The uniformly structured contributions discuss not merely the general knowledge behind the evolution of life, but also the corresponding development of language, society, economies, morality and politics. The result is an overview of the history and methods used in the study of evolution, including controversial theories and discussions. A must for researchers in the natural sciences, sociology and philosophy, as well as for those interested in an interdisciplinary view of the status of evolution today.

International Handbook of Development Economics

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Author: Amitava Krishna Dutt,Jaime Ros

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442815

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1184

View: 4584

The essays are concise, yet comprehensive, and each essay contains a substantial set of references, which an interested researcher or student could follow up. . . In addition to representing multidisciplinary interactions, this collection encompasses several different perspectives within development economics, so the reader can learn, for example, both about neoclassical approaches and dependency theories in the same volume. This makes the collection unique and all the more valuable. . . This is a very good reference collection, as the individual essays are informative and provide a good overall perspective on the topic that they set out to address. The extensive bibliography at the end of each essay adds further value to this collection. Ashwini Deshpande, Economic and Political Weekly These new volumes impress along two dimensions. First, they highlight important connections between economic development and variables such as culture, warfare, and ethnicity, which are sometimes ignored by mainstream economists. Second, they analyze the economic development experience of different regions such as Africa, Latin America, and East Asia. . . a valuable reference for scholars and practitioners in the field. Highly recommended. H.A. Faruq, Choice This two-volume original reference work provides a comprehensive overview of development economics and comprises contributions by some of the leading scholars working in the field. Authors are drawn from around the world and write on a wide range of topics. After providing an introduction to the subject (by examining issues like the meaning and measurement of development, historical and interdisciplinary approaches, empirical regularities and data problems), the contributors provide a wealth of perspectives on, and analyses of, development economics. They discuss alternative approaches to development, the macroeconomics of growth, factors and sources of economic development (such as capital, labor, entrepreneurship, resources and technology), major sectors of concern (such as agriculture, industry, services and the informal sector) and international issues (such as trade, capital and labor flows and technology transfers). Income distribution and poverty, the state and other institutions, and actual development experiences are explored. The contributors provide analytical contributions, as well as the relation between these contributions and real world and policy issues from a variety of alternative perspectives. Scholars, students, policymakers and other development practitioners will all find this comprehensive reference invaluable.

Die Zuhälter der Globalisierung

über Oligarchen, Hedge Fonds, 'Ndrangheta, Drogenkartelle und andere parasitäre Systeme

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Author: Loretta Napoleoni

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570501306

Category:

Page: 382

View: 1220

Dead Aid

Warum Entwicklungshilfe nicht funktioniert und was Afrika besser machen kann

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Author: Dambisa Moyo

Publisher: Haffmans & Tolkemitt

ISBN: 3942989719

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 7312

Afrika ist ein armer Kontinent. Ein Kontinent voller Hunger, blutiger Konflikte, gescheiterter Staaten, voller Korruption und Elend. Um zu helfen, adoptieren Prominente afrikanische Halbwaisen und flanieren durch Flüchtlingslager, laden die Gutmenschen unter den Popstars zu Benefiz-Konzerten, und westliche Staaten haben in den letzten 50 Jahren eine Billion Dollar an afrikanische Regierungen gezahlt. Aber trotz Jahrzehnten von billigen Darlehen, nicht rückzahlbaren Krediten, Schuldenerlassen, bilateraler und multilateraler Hilfe steht Afrika schlimmer da als je zuvor. Mit Dead Aid hat Dambisa Moyo ein provokatives Plädoyer gegen Entwicklungshilfe und für Afrika geschrieben. Knapp, faktenreich und zwingend legt sie ihre Argumente dar. Entwicklungshilfe, im Sinne von Geld-Transfers zwischen Regierungen, macht abhängig. Sie zementiert die bestehenden Gegebenheiten, fördert Korruption und finanziert sogar Kriege. Sie zerstört jeden Anreiz, gut zu wirtschaften und die Volkswirtschaft anzukurbeln. Entwicklungshilfe zu beziehen ist einfacher, als ein Land zu sanieren. Im Gegensatz zu Bono und Bob Geldoff weiß Moyo, wovon sie spricht. Die in Sambia geborene und aufgewachsene Harvard-Ökonomin arbeitete jahrelang für die Weltbank. In Dead Aid erklärt sie nicht nur, was die negativen Folgen von Entwicklungshilfe sind und warum China für Afrika eine Lösung und nicht Teil des Problems ist; sie entwirft zudem einen Weg, wie sich Afrika aus eigener Kraft und selbstbestimmt entwickeln kann. In den USA und Großbritannien löste Dead Aid eine hitzige Debatte aus. Es stand mehrere Wochen auf der New York Times Bestsellerliste und wurde vom Sunday Herald zum Buch des Jahres gewählt. Das Time Magazine wählte Dambisa Moyo 2009 zu einer der 100 wichtigsten Persönlichkeiten der Welt.

Anthropologie der Arbeit

Ein ethnographischer Vergleich

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Author: Gerd Spittler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658104341

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 6583

Dieses Buch untersucht anhand von ethnographischen Fallstudien die Einheit und Vielfalt von Arbeit und bezieht nicht nur Arbeit in unserer eigenen Gesellschaft mit ein, sondern auch Jäger und Sammler, Bauern und Hirten, Familienwirtschaft, Hausarbeit und Kinderarbeit. In der Regel wird Arbeit als instrumentelles Handeln verstanden, während in den meisten Gesellschaften Arbeitsobjekte als eigenständig, eigenwillig oder eigensinnig angesehen werden. Ein solches Verständnis von Arbeit als Interaktion kann auch bei der Analyse unserer Arbeit helfen. Arbeit in der Hauswirtschaft, zu der auch Frauen-, Kinder-und Altenarbeit gehören, ist nicht nur eine historisch wichtige Form, sondern auch heute relevant. Ihre Analyse trägt auch zum Verständnis heutiger Arbeitsformen bei. Arbeit in kapitalistischen Betrieben wird heute von Managern geleitet. Historisch und im Kulturvergleich dominieren andere Formen bei der außerfamiliären Arbeitsorganisation: Meister, die eine besondere Kompetenz bei der Arbeit besitzen, vor allem aber Herren, die zwar vom Ertrag der Arbeit leben, aber sich nicht in den Arbeitsprozess einmischen.

The Elgar Companion to Marxist Economics

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Author: Ben Fine,Alfredo Saad-Filho,Marco Boffo

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781001227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 419

View: 4949

This Companion takes stock of the trajectory, achievements, shortcomings and prospects of Marxist political economy. It reflects the contributors' shared commitment to bringing the methods, theories and concepts of Marx himself to bear across a wide range of topics and perspectives, and it provides a testimony to the continuing purpose and vitality of Marxist political economy. As a whole, this volume analyzes Marxist political economy in three areas: the critique of mainstream economics in all of its versions; the critical presence of Marxist political economy within, and its influence upon, each of the social science disciplines; and, cutting across these, the analysis of specific topics that straddle disciplinary boundaries. Some of the contributions offer an exposition of basic concepts, accessible to the general reader, laying out Marx's own contribution, its significance, and subsequent positions and debates with and within Marxist political economy. The authors offer assessments of historical developments to and within capitalism, and of its current character and prospects. Other chapters adopt a mirror-image approach of pinpointing the conditions of contemporary capitalism as a way of interrogating the continuing salience of Marxist analysis. This volume will inform and inspire a new generation of students and scholars to become familiar with Marxist political economy from an enlightened and unprejudiced position, and to use their knowledge as both a resource and gateway to future study.

In Menschen investieren

die Ökonomik der Bevölkerungsqualität

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Author: Theodore William Schultz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783169448371

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 191

View: 3474

Crashed

Wie zehn Jahre Finanzkrise die Welt verändert haben

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Author: Adam Tooze

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641192773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 800

View: 1859

Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

Portfolio-Werbung als Technik des Impression Management

Eine Untersuchung zur gegenseitigen Stärkung von Dachmarke und Produktmarken in komplexen Markenarchitekturen

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Author: Christian Boris Brunner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834945730

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 435

View: 1273

Die Bedeutung der Dachmarke rückt seit einigen Jahren vermehrt in den Vordergrund und viele Unternehmen sind bestrebt, das Image der Dachmarke aktiv zu stärken. Bei komplexen Markenarchitekturen stellt hierzu Portfolio-Werbung ein geeignetes Instrument dar: Durch die gemeinsame Darbietung der Dachmarke mit ihrem Markenportfolio kann es zu positiven Imagespillover-Effekten kommen. Allerdings müssen zentrale Wirkungsgrößen im Markenmanagement berücksichtigt werden. In einer umfangreichen Studienreihe zeigt Christian Brunner das Potenzial und die Risiken von Portfolio-Werbung auf und leitet konkrete Handlungsanweisungen für Markenmanager ab. Die Arbeit wurde mit dem 2. Platz des Wissenschaftspreises des Markenverbandes und der GEM (Gesellschaft zur Erforschung des Markenwesens) ausgezeichnet.