A Handbook of Economic Anthropology, Second Edition

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Author: James G. Carrier

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809291

Category: Social Science

Page: 662

View: 3703

Acclaim for the first edition: 'The volume is a remarkable contribution to economic anthropology and will no doubt be a fundamental tool for students, scholars, and experts in the sub-discipline.' – Mao Mollona, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 'This excellent overview would serve as an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level classroom use. . . Because of the clarity, conciseness, and accessibility of the writing, the chapters in this volume likely will be often cited and recommended to those who want the alternative and frequently culturally comparative perspective on economic topics that anthropology provides. Highly recommended. All academic levels/libraries.' – K.F. Rambo, Choice The first edition of this unique Handbook was praised for its substantial and invaluable summary discussions of work by anthropologists on economic processes and issues, on the relationship between economic and non-economic areas of life and on the conceptual orientations that are important among economic anthropologists. This thoroughly revised edition brings those discussions up to date, and includes an important new section exploring ways that leading anthropologists have approached the current economic crisis. Its scope and accessibility make it useful both to those who are interested in a particular topic and to those who want to see the breadth and fruitfulness of an anthropological study of economy. This comprehensive Handbook will strongly appeal to undergraduate and post-graduate students in anthropology, economists interested in social and cultural dimensions of economic life, and alternative approaches to economic life, political economists, political scientists and historians.

A Handbook of Economic Anthropology

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Author: James G. Carrier

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1845423461

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 1408

The volume is a remarkable contribution to economic anthropology and will no doubt be a fundamental tool for students, scholars, and experts in the sub-discipline. Mao Mollona, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute This excellent overview would serve as an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level classroom use. . . Because of the clarity, conciseness, and accessibility of the writing, the chapters in this volume likely will be often cited and recommended to those who want the alternative and frequently culturally comparative perspective on economic topics that anthropology provides. Highly recommended. All academic levels/libraries. K.F. Rambo, Choice For more than a century, anthropologists have studied the economic lives and institutions of people around the world. The results of their research and reflection on economy have generally stayed within the discipline and have not been available in an accessible form to a broader readership. This major reference book is intended to correct this. This unique Handbook contains substantial and invaluable summary discussions of work on economic processes and issues, and on the relationship between economic and non-economic areas of life. Furthermore it describes conceptual orientations that are important among economic anthropologists, and presents summaries of key issues in the anthropological study of economic life in different regions of the world. Its scope and accessibility make it useful both to those who are interested in a particular topic and to those who want to see the breadth and fruitfulness of an anthropological study of economics. Economists from a wide range of fields and perspectives from heterodox to classical, and from industrial economics to economic psychology and sociology will find much to engage them within this exciting Handbook, as will anthropologists drawn to the significant statements by senior figures in the field. Those involved in development projects will find this an invaluable reference work with which to gain greater understanding of and insight into the reasons for people s economic activities and decisions. The concise treatments of topics will provide invaluable teaching aids and reference for further reading by scholars at all levels of study.

A Handbook of Cultural Economics

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Author: Ruth Towse

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857930575

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 7029

The second edition of this widely acclaimed and extensively cited collection of original contributions by specialist authors reflects changes in the field of cultural economics over the last eight years. Thoroughly revised chapters alongside new topics and contributors bring the Handbook up-to-date, taking into account new research, literature and the impact of new technologies in the creative industries. The book covers a range of topics encompassing the creative industries as well as the economics of the arts and culture, and includes chapters on: economics of art (including auctions, markets, prices, anthropology), artists' labour markets, creativity and the creative economy, cultural districts, cultural value, globalization and international trade, the internet, media economics, museums, non-profit organisations, opera, performance indicators, performing arts, publishing, regulation, tax expenditures, and welfare economics.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3172

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Elgar Companion to Social Economics

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Author: John Bryan Davis,Wilfred Dolfsma

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442777

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 704

View: 3153

I highly recommend this volume for all scholars interested in challenging conventional wisdom about how a capitalist economy works, and willing to call into question assumptions that narrow our interpretation, preventing more socially beneficial practices from being implemented. International Sociology Davis and Dolfsma have edited a volume of 36 essays that provides a first-rate introduction to the recent cutting-edge scholarship in social economics. . . the volume provides an impressive and broad array of articles covering traditional social economic topics. . . Each essay is an excellent point of entry into social economic thought. This volume will be of great interest to economists writing in the heterodox tradition and/or to mainstream economists seeking a richer analysis of socioeconomic relationships. Highly recommended. Q.M. Duroy, Choice As this comprehensive Companion demonstrates, social economics is a dynamic and growing field that emphasizes the key role that values play in the economy and in economic life. Social economics treats the economy and economics as being embedded in the larger web of social and ethical relationships. It also regards economics and ethics as essentially connected, and adds values such as justice, fairness, dignity, well-being, freedom and equality to the standard emphasis on efficiency. The Elgar Companion to Social Economics brings together the leading contributors in the field to elucidate a wide range of recent developments across different subject areas and topics. In so doing the contributors also map the likely trends and directions of future research. This Companion will undoubtedly become a leading reference source and guide to social economics for many years to come. Providing concise discussion and an indication of what to expect in future decades, this interdisciplinary Companion will be of great interest to students and academics of social economics and socio-economics, as well as institutional, evolutionary and heterodox economics. It will also appeal to management scholars and those concerned with business ethics.

How Humans Cooperate

Confronting the Challenges of Collective Action

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Author: Richard E. Blanton,Lane F. Fargher

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 1607325144

Category: Social Science

Page: 435

View: 7426

In How Humans Cooperate, Richard E. Blanton and Lane F. Fargher take a new approach to investigating human cooperation, developed from the vantage point of an "anthropological imagination." Drawing on the discipline’s broad and holistic understanding of humans in biological, social, and cultural dimensions and across a wide range of temporal and cultural variation, the authors unite psychological and institutional approaches by demonstrating the interplay of institution building and cognitive abilities of the human brain. Blanton and Fargher develop an approach that is strongly empirical, historically deep, and more synthetic than other research designs, using findings from fields as diverse as neurobiology, primatology, ethnography, history, art history, and archaeology. While much current research on collective action pertains to local-scale cooperation, How Humans Cooperate puts existing theories to the test at larger scales in markets, states, and cities throughout the Old and New Worlds. This innovative book extends collective action theory beyond Western history and into a broadly cross-cultural dimension, places cooperation in the context of large and complex human societies, and demonstrates the interplay of collective action and aspects of human cognitive ability. By extending the scope and content of collective action theory, the authors find a fruitful new path to understanding human cooperation.

The International Handbook of Political Ecology

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Author: Raymond L Bryant

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936174

Category: Political Science

Page: 704

View: 9157

The International Handbook of Political Ecology features chapters by leading scholars from around the world in a unique collection exploring the multi-disciplinary field of political ecology. This landmark volume canvasses key developments, topics, iss

Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Sport

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Author: Richard Giulianotti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134116624

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 4157

The sociology of sport is a core discipline within the academic study of sport. It helps us to understand what sport is and why it matters. Sociological knowledge, implicit or explicit, therefore underpins scholarly enquiry into sport in every aspect. The Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Sport is a landmark publication that brings together the most important themes, theories and issues within the sociology of sport, tracing the contours of the discipline and surveying the state-of-the-art. Part One explores the main theories and analytical approaches that define contemporary sport sociology and introduces the most important methodological issues confronting researchers working in the social scientific study of sport. Part Two examines the connections and divisions between sociology and cognate disciplines within sport studies, including history, anthropology, economics, leisure and tourism studies, philosophy, politics and psychology. Part Three investigates how the most important social divisions within sport, and in wider society, are addressed in sport sociology, including ‘race‘, gender, class, sexuality and disability. Part Four explores a wide range of pressing contemporary issues associated with sport, including sport and the body, social problems associated with sport, sport places and settings, and the global aspects of sport. Written by a team of leading international sport scholars, including many of the most well-known, respected and innovative thinkers working in the discipline, the Routledge Handbook of the Sociology of Sport is an essential reference for any student, researcher or professional with an interest in sport.

Anthropologie der Arbeit

Ein ethnographischer Vergleich

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Author: Gerd Spittler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658104341

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 4901

Dieses Buch untersucht anhand von ethnographischen Fallstudien die Einheit und Vielfalt von Arbeit und bezieht nicht nur Arbeit in unserer eigenen Gesellschaft mit ein, sondern auch Jäger und Sammler, Bauern und Hirten, Familienwirtschaft, Hausarbeit und Kinderarbeit. In der Regel wird Arbeit als instrumentelles Handeln verstanden, während in den meisten Gesellschaften Arbeitsobjekte als eigenständig, eigenwillig oder eigensinnig angesehen werden. Ein solches Verständnis von Arbeit als Interaktion kann auch bei der Analyse unserer Arbeit helfen. Arbeit in der Hauswirtschaft, zu der auch Frauen-, Kinder-und Altenarbeit gehören, ist nicht nur eine historisch wichtige Form, sondern auch heute relevant. Ihre Analyse trägt auch zum Verständnis heutiger Arbeitsformen bei. Arbeit in kapitalistischen Betrieben wird heute von Managern geleitet. Historisch und im Kulturvergleich dominieren andere Formen bei der außerfamiliären Arbeitsorganisation: Meister, die eine besondere Kompetenz bei der Arbeit besitzen, vor allem aber Herren, die zwar vom Ertrag der Arbeit leben, aber sich nicht in den Arbeitsprozess einmischen.

Nonprofit-Management

Beispiele für Best Practices im Dritten Sektor

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Author: Bernd Helmig,Robert Purtschert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834990485

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 372

View: 312

Überblick über die jüngere historische Entwicklung des NPO-Managements und das Umfeld von NPO. Führungskräfte berichten, wie Organisationen erfolgreich positioniert und gemanagt werden können, um Wachstum und Überschüsse zu erzielen. Die Beiträge zeichnen sich durch ein breites Spektrum von Rechtsformen (Verein, Stiftung, Verband etc.), von "Branchen" (Gesundheit, Soziale Dienstleistungen, Politik, Wirtschaft) sowie länderspezifischen Besonderheiten aus. Die 2. Auflage wurde aktualisiert und um einen Beitrag zum Erfolgreichen Gewerkschaftsmanagement am Beispiel des Gewerkschaftsverbands Angestellte Schweiz - VSAM erweitert.

Handbook of Evolution

The Evolution of Human Societies and Cultures

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Author: Franz M. Wuketits,Christoph Antweiler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527620338

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 7601

This two-volume handbook is unique in spanning the entire field of evolution, from the origins of life up to the formation of social structures and science and technology. The author team of world-renowned experts considers the subject from a variety of disciplines, with continuous cross-referencing so as to retain a logical internal structure. The uniformly structured contributions discuss not merely the general knowledge behind the evolution of life, but also the corresponding development of language, society, economies, morality and politics. The result is an overview of the history and methods used in the study of evolution, including controversial theories and discussions. A must for researchers in the natural sciences, sociology and philosophy, as well as for those interested in an interdisciplinary view of the status of evolution today.

International Handbook of Development Economics

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Author: Amitava Krishna Dutt,Jaime Ros

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442815

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1184

View: 8680

The essays are concise, yet comprehensive, and each essay contains a substantial set of references, which an interested researcher or student could follow up. . . In addition to representing multidisciplinary interactions, this collection encompasses several different perspectives within development economics, so the reader can learn, for example, both about neoclassical approaches and dependency theories in the same volume. This makes the collection unique and all the more valuable. . . This is a very good reference collection, as the individual essays are informative and provide a good overall perspective on the topic that they set out to address. The extensive bibliography at the end of each essay adds further value to this collection. Ashwini Deshpande, Economic and Political Weekly These new volumes impress along two dimensions. First, they highlight important connections between economic development and variables such as culture, warfare, and ethnicity, which are sometimes ignored by mainstream economists. Second, they analyze the economic development experience of different regions such as Africa, Latin America, and East Asia. . . a valuable reference for scholars and practitioners in the field. Highly recommended. H.A. Faruq, Choice This two-volume original reference work provides a comprehensive overview of development economics and comprises contributions by some of the leading scholars working in the field. Authors are drawn from around the world and write on a wide range of topics. After providing an introduction to the subject (by examining issues like the meaning and measurement of development, historical and interdisciplinary approaches, empirical regularities and data problems), the contributors provide a wealth of perspectives on, and analyses of, development economics. They discuss alternative approaches to development, the macroeconomics of growth, factors and sources of economic development (such as capital, labor, entrepreneurship, resources and technology), major sectors of concern (such as agriculture, industry, services and the informal sector) and international issues (such as trade, capital and labor flows and technology transfers). Income distribution and poverty, the state and other institutions, and actual development experiences are explored. The contributors provide analytical contributions, as well as the relation between these contributions and real world and policy issues from a variety of alternative perspectives. Scholars, students, policymakers and other development practitioners will all find this comprehensive reference invaluable.

The Elgar Companion to Marxist Economics

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Author: Ben Fine,Alfredo Saad-Filho,Marco Boffo

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781001227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 419

View: 3075

This Companion takes stock of the trajectory, achievements, shortcomings and prospects of Marxist political economy. It reflects the contributors' shared commitment to bringing the methods, theories and concepts of Marx himself to bear across a wide range of topics and perspectives, and it provides a testimony to the continuing purpose and vitality of Marxist political economy. As a whole, this volume analyzes Marxist political economy in three areas: the critique of mainstream economics in all of its versions; the critical presence of Marxist political economy within, and its influence upon, each of the social science disciplines; and, cutting across these, the analysis of specific topics that straddle disciplinary boundaries. Some of the contributions offer an exposition of basic concepts, accessible to the general reader, laying out Marx's own contribution, its significance, and subsequent positions and debates with and within Marxist political economy. The authors offer assessments of historical developments to and within capitalism, and of its current character and prospects. Other chapters adopt a mirror-image approach of pinpointing the conditions of contemporary capitalism as a way of interrogating the continuing salience of Marxist analysis. This volume will inform and inspire a new generation of students and scholars to become familiar with Marxist political economy from an enlightened and unprejudiced position, and to use their knowledge as both a resource and gateway to future study.

Bürokratie

Die Utopie der Regeln

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Author: David Graeber

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608109447

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 5582

David Graeber, der bedeutendste Anthropologe unserer Zeit, entfaltet eine fulminante und längst überfällige Fundamentalkritik der globalen Bürokratie! Er erforscht die Ursprünge unserer Sehnsucht nach Regularien und entlarvt ihre Bedeutung als Mittel zur Ausübung von Gewalt. Wir alle hassen Bürokraten. Wir können es nicht fassen, dass wir einen Großteil unserer Lebenszeit damit verbringen müssen, Formulare auszufüllen. Doch zugleich nährt der Glaube an die Bürokratie unsere Hoffnung auf Effizienz, Transparenz und Gerechtigkeit. Gerade im digitalen Zeitalter wächst die Sehnsucht nach Ordnung und im gleichen Maße nimmt die Macht der Bürokratien über jeden Einzelnen von uns zu. Dabei machen sie unsere Gesellschaften keineswegs transparent und effizient, sondern dienen mittlerweile elitären Gruppeninteressen. Denn Kapitalismus und Bürokratie sind einen verhängnisvollen Pakt eingegangen und könnten die Welt in den Abgrund reißen.

Kultur all inclusive

Identität, Tradition und Kulturerbe im Zeitalter des Massentourismus

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Author: Burkhard Schnepel,Felix Girke,Eva-Maria Knoll

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383942089X

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 9481

Wie ist es um das Verhältnis zwischen modernem Massentourismus und den unterschiedlichen Spielarten von »Kulturerbe« bestellt? Wo Einheimische und Touristen aufeinandertreffen, verändern materielles wie immaterielles Kulturerbe - ja oft sogar Ethnizität und sozio-kulturelle Identität - ihre Ausdrucksformen und Bedeutungsinhalte. Vielfach entsteht Kulturerbe - oder das, was als solches verstanden und (an-)erkannt wird - in der touristischen Arena erst neu. Das Hauptinteresse des Buchs gilt dieser generativen Dynamik, in der Kulturerbe selektiert, präsentiert, produziert und kommodifiziert wird.

Die Zuhälter der Globalisierung

über Oligarchen, Hedge Fonds, 'Ndrangheta, Drogenkartelle und andere parasitäre Systeme

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Author: Loretta Napoleoni

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570501306

Category:

Page: 382

View: 881

Neue Institutionenökonomik

eine Einführung und kritische Würdigung

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Author: Rudolf Richter,Eirik Grundtvig Furubotn

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161480607

Category: Evolutionary economics

Page: 660

View: 955

"... In dem vorliegenden Werk werden die Inhalte der NIÖ von zwei ihrer herausragenden Vertreter in vorbildlicher Weise präsentiert. Dabei stellen die Verfasser nicht nur die theoretischen Grundlagen dar, sondern zeigen auch die Möglichkeiten der Anwendung der NIÖ auf Märkte, Unternehmen und Staat auf. Darüber hinaus werden interessante Querverbindungen zwischen moderner Ökonomik und Rechtswissenschaft deutlich, die in der 'reinen' Wirtschaftswissenschaft meist vernachlässigt werden. ...".In Ex Libris 78 (SS 2000) S. 25"(...) bleibt festzuhalten, daß hier über ein epochemachendes Werk zu berichten ist. Zuzuordnen ist es dem Transaktionskostenansatz, der von den beiden Autoren in jeder Hinsicht brillant präsentiert wird. (…) Weil durch die Institutionenökonomik u.a. wieder engere Bindungen zwischen Betriebs- und Volkswirtschaftslehre entstehen, muß dieses Lehrbuch allen angehenden Wirtschaftswissenschaftlern nahegelegt werden. Zumal die Institutionenökonomik mittlerweile auf dem besten Wege ist, zum 'Mainstream' zu werden."In Studium 65 (WS 1999/2000) S. 26