A Global History of Doping in Sport

Drugs, Policy, and Politics

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Author: John Gleaves,Thomas Hunt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317555260

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 176

View: 8339

From turn-of-the-century horseracing to the monolithic anti-doping attitudes now supported by sporting organizations, the development of anti-doping ideology has spread throughout modern sport. Yet heretofore few historians have explored the many ways that international sport has responded to doping. This book seeks to fill that gap by examining different aspects of sport’s global efforts to respond to athletes doping. By incorporating cultural, political, and feminist histories that examine international responses to doping, this special issue aims to better articulate the narrative of doping. The work starts with the first mention of doping in any sport. It examines not only the first efforts to ban doping but also the athletes who sought performance enhancers. Focusing on specific framing events, authors in this issue examine how history of doping and how it has indelibly marked the sporting landscape. The result is a work with both breadth and focus. From stories of Japanese swimmers to Italian runners to American jockeys, the work spans the range of doping history. At the same time, the authors remain focused around one single issue: the history of doping in sport. This bookw as published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Doping in Elite Sport

The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movement

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Author: Wayne Wilson (Ph. D.),Ed Derse

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736003292

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 295

View: 7563

The International Olympic Committee began its fight against performance-enhancing drugs nearly four decades ago. Testing has become increasingly more sophisticated, but the problem is far from being eliminated. Doping in Elite Sport: The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movementaddresses the challenges and complexities of the issue. The text, edited by Wayne Wilson, PhD, and Edward Derse, is based on papers presented at the 1998 conference, Doping in Elite Sport,and includes: -a basic scientific explanation of how performance-enhancing substances improve performance and how banned substances are detected; -a critical examination of the failure to control doping in the Olympic movement; -a historical timeline of drug use in sport; -evaluations of the philosophical and ethical issues of drug testing; -the international politics of combatting drug use in sport; and -insight as to how three very different countries have handled the issue of performance-enhancing drugs in sport. Part I,“The Science of Doping,” provides the reader with a basic scientific explanation of how banned substances can improve performance, the process of drug testing, and the detection of athletes' drug use. This section also offers a recommended protocol for drug testing and critiques the differences between the ideal and actual testing practices Part II,“The History, Ethics, and Social Context of Doping,” reviews the complex social and cultural issues surrounding doping. A thorough chronology of performance-enhancing drug use in sport precedes discussions of the ethical and cultural dimensions of the issue. Included is a comparative analysis of how Canada, Russia, and China - three very different countries - have responded to doping scandals involving their athletes. Part III,“The Politics of Doping,” critically examines the effectiveness of the IOC and the international sport federations in administering campaigns against doping. Lack of political will, financial interests, and uncooperative bureaucracies all have hindered effective enforcement. The first anthology on performance-enhancing drugs in sport, Doping in Elite Sport: The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movementis a critical examination of the failure to control the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs in the international sports arena. It provides an extensive overview of the real issues in the battle against doping in international sport.

German Sports, Doping, and Politics

A History of Performance Enhancement

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Author: Michael Krüger,Christian Becker,Stefan Nielsen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442249218

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 268

View: 482

This book examines doping in Germany, with primary attention given to West Germany, from 1950 to the present, including what societal, cultural, and institutional pressures arose after WWII to bring about such prevalence of doping in the country.

Drug Games

The International Olympic Committee and the Politics of Doping, 1960–2008

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Author: Thomas M. Hunt

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292739575

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 231

View: 3280

On August 26, 1960, twenty-three-year-old Danish cyclist Knud Jensen, competing in that year's Rome Olympic Games, suddenly fell from his bike and fractured his skull. His death hours later led to rumors that performance-enhancing drugs were in his system. Though certainly not the first instance of doping in the Olympic Games, Jensen's death serves as the starting point for Thomas M. Hunt's thoroughly researched, chronological history of the modern relationship of doping to the Olympics. Utilizing concepts derived from international relations theory, diplomatic history, and administrative law, this work connects the issue to global political relations. During the Cold War, national governments had little reason to support effective anti-doping controls in the Olympics. Both the United States and the Soviet Union conceptualized power in sport as a means of impressing both friends and rivals abroad. The resulting medals race motivated nations on both sides of the Iron Curtain to allow drug regulatory powers to remain with private sport authorities. Given the costs involved in testing and the repercussions of drug scandals, these authorities tried to avoid the issue whenever possible. But toward the end of the Cold War, governments became more involved in the issue of testing. Having historically been a combined scientific, ethical, and political dilemma, obstacles to the elimination of doping in the Olympics are becoming less restrained by political inertia.

Lance Armstrong

Wie der erfolgreichste Radprofi aller Zeiten die Welt betrog

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Author: Juliet Macur

Publisher: Edel:Books

ISBN: 3841903452

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 432

View: 5909

Lance Armstrong und das Rad der Lügen: Juliet Macur, Sportreporterin bei der New York Times, liefert die erste umfassende Darstellung, wie das System Armstrong über Jahrzehnte funktionieren konnte. Kollegen, Kontrolleure, Sportorganisationen, Sponsoren, Medien und selbst die Familie – sie alle wurden von Lance und seinen Helfern belogen, betrogen und unter zum Teil massiven Druck gesetzt. Das Buch, das auf intensiven Gesprächen mit Lance Armstrong und zahlreichen Interviews mit alten Weggefährten basiert, enthüllt die Zusammenhänge des größten Dopingskandal der Geschichte und liefert das beeindruckende Psychogramm eines scheinbar vollkommen gefühlskalten Egomanen. Spannend von der ersten bis zur letzten Seite – nicht nur für Radsport-Fans!

The Palgrave Handbook of Olympic Studies

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Author: H. Lenskyj,S. Wagg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230367461

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 592

View: 1265

A comprehensive, state-of-the-art reference collection, bringing together an authoritative and international line-up of scholars to examine key social and political issues related to the Olympics. An essential, 'one-stop' volume for a wide range of academics, students and researchers.

The Anti-Doping Crisis in Sport

Causes, Consequences, Solutions

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Author: Paul Dimeo,Verner Møller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134810067

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 174

View: 4434

The sense of crisis that pervades global sport suggests that the war on doping is still very far from being won. In this critical and provocative study of anti-doping regimes in global sport, Paul Dimeo and Verner Møller argue that the current system is at a critical historical juncture. Reviewing the recent history of anti-doping, this book highlights serious problems in the approach developed and implemented by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), including continued failure to accept responsibility for the ineffectiveness of the testing system, the growing number of dubious convictions, and damaging human-rights issues. Without a total rethink of how we deal with this critical issue in world sport, this book warns that we could be facing the collapse of anti-doping, both as a policy and as an ideology. The Anti-Doping Crisis in Sport: Causes, Consequences, Solutions is important reading for all students and scholars of sport studies, as well as researchers, coaches, doctors and policymakers interested in the politics and ethics of drug use in sport. It examines the reasons for the crisis, the consequences of policy strategies, and it explores potential solutions.

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China

Communists and Champions

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Author: Fan Hong,Lu Zhouxiang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317980115

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

View: 3594

The Politicisation of Sport in Modern China: Communist and Champions is the first book in English which examines in chronological order key issues in sport in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 2012 in the context of Chinese history, politics and society. It explores the complexity of Chinese sport including the sovietisation of Chinese sports policy and practice; the emergence of the ‘two Chinas’ issue; the Cold War, the Cultural Revolution, sports diplomacy and sports militarism; China’s turbulent journey of participation in the Asian Games and in the Olympics; the politics and policy of doping and anti-doping in Chinese sport; and China’s sport in the post-Beijing Olympics era. By analysing the relationships between sport, diplomacy, politics and social transformation in China, the book examines how sport has played an important role in China’s rise in the 20th and 21st centuries, and how China embraced the Olympic Movement and also influenced the world through the Olympic Games. Featuring major events, original documents and interviews with a wide breadth of insiders - from sports policy makers, Olympic medallists and ordinary Chinese - this book, for the first time, provides a comprehensive guide to the history of sport in the People's Republic of China. It is a fascinating book for academic researchers, general readers and students. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Die Radsport-Mafia und ihre schmutzigen Geschäfte

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Author: Tyler Hamilton

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492961770

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 352

View: 7882

Tyler Hamilton war ein Naturtalent, einer der leidensfähigsten und zähesten Radfahrer, bei US Postal der zweite Mann hinter Lance Armstrong. In seinem Buch erzählt er, wie die Amerikaner sich in den Neunzigern die Seele aus dem Leib fuhren und dennoch keine Chance gegen europäische Teams hatten, die immer schneller waren, immer noch Luft hatten - bis die Mannschaft anfängt, sich spritzen zu lassen. Er legt offen, wie straff organisiert dieses System war, das das berühmteste Radrennen der Welt zur Tour de Farce werden ließ, wie korrupte Ärzte und skrupellose Teamchefs agieren und Mannschaften zu gut geölten Maschinen wurden. Wie eine ganze Sportart buchstäblich unter die Räder kam und eine Parallelwelt aus Lügen, Angst und Manipulation entstand, die ehemalige Helden als lädierte Wracks zurücklässt.

The Dirtiest Race in History

Ben Johnson, Carl Lewis and the 1988 Olympic 100m Final

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Author: Richard Moore

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408181568

Category: Doping in sports

Page: 326

View: 2670

The men's 100m final at the 1988 Olympics has been described as the dirtiest race ever - but also the greatest. Aside from Johnson's blistering time, the race is infamous for its athletes' positive drug tests. This is the story of that race, the rivalry between Johnson and Lewis, and the repercussions still felt almost a quarter of a century on.

Doping and Public Policy

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Author: John Milton Hoberman,Verner Møller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788778389428

Category: Political Science

Page: 163

View: 4162

The great Tour de France scandal of 1998 was the first time ever that political forces intervened to lay bare the comprehensive doping practices of popular athletes. The essays in this book show that athletes who dope and those who pursue them are trapped in a fateful conflict far more complicated than the familiar story line suggests. Doping and Public Policy argues that the current strategy of condemnation and surveillance is not enough, and that it is time to rethink anti-doping policy in the global context where it belongs.

Drugs, Alcohol and Sport

A Critical History

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Author: Paul Dimeo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317997743

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 200

View: 1172

The use of alcohol and drugs seems contradictory to the popular ideal of sport as a healthy moral and physical pursuit, and yet it has been present in sports culture since clubs first became the focus for competitive games and social gatherings. Charting the changing patterns of the use of drugs and alcohol since the nineteenth century, this is a critical history that relates substance consumption and regulation to social relations of power: sports men and women almost revelling in their deviance and leaving the moral agonising to their supposed ‘superiors’. In addition, certain substances have become at various times the focus of heightened controversy, raising questions about the symbolism of the body in sport, its uses and behaviours and associated perceptions. These questions are tackled here in a lively discussion on the social construction of drug and alcohol use, ideal as a catalyst for debate or as an informed introduction to the hottest topic in sport today. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in History.

Dope Hunters

The Influence of Scientists on the Global Fight Against Doping in Sport, 1967-1992

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Author: Jörg Krieger

Publisher: Common Ground Publishing

ISBN: 9781612298344

Category: Self-Help

Page: 412

View: 1233

Based on extensive multi-national and multi-lingual archival research, this book examines the evolution of scientific knowledge within the international anti-doping community that coalesced during the second half of the twentieth century. Two key figures from a group of leading scientific experts serve as the focal points of the investigation, British pharmacologist Arnold Beckett and German biochemist Manfred Donike. After supporting early anti-doping initiatives in the late 1960s and 1970s, they became highly influential in such leading sports organizations as the International Olympic Committee and the International Association of Athletics Federations. From the 1980s onward, the international sport system relied heavily on their network of anti-doping laboratory experts in maintaining and advancing a rigid testing regime. Hence, this book offers a nuanced analysis of the establishment of the structures and initiatives in the global fight against doping in sport.

Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric E-Book

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Author: J. Larry Jameson,Leslie J. De Groot

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 032332195X

Category: Medical

Page: 2700

View: 1222

Considered the definitive source in its field for over 35 years, Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric, has been thoroughly updated to reflect today's recent advances in adult and pediatric endocrinology. Unique perspectives from a team of trusted, world-renowned experts ensure this medical reference book remains the most highly-regarded text in the field. Make the best clinical decisions with an enhanced emphasis on evidence-based practice and expert opinions on treatment strategies. Zero in on the most relevant and useful references with the aid of a more focused, concise bibliography. Locate information quickly, while still getting the complete coverage you expect. Expanded coverage for key topics such as pediatric endocrinology and obesity mechanisms and treatment, in addition to today's hot topics in endocrinology, including endocrine disruptors, bariatric surgery, androgen deficiency, genetic causes of obesity, endocrine rhythms, and the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in thyroid cancer. New content addressing the latest advances in testosterone and estrogen replacement, as well as the new causes of calcium and phosphate disorders, new molecular causes of endocrine cancers, new genetic causes of reproductive disorders, and more. Updated clinical guidelines for diabetes, lipid disorders, obesity management, osteoporosis, and more, as well as essential treatment updates for the medical management of acromegaly, Cushing's Disease, hypercalcemia, and diabetes mellitus. New Key Points provide snapshots of what to expect in each chapter, or serve as a refresher of what you just read. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader.

Drugs in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law [3 volumes]

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Author: Nancy E. Marion,Willard M. Oliver

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610695968

Category: Political Science

Page: 1163

View: 1139

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

Sport And Society: History, Power And Culture

History, Power and Culture

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Author: Scambler, Graham

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335227783

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 226

View: 3489

This text presents a comprehensive account of the contemporary sociology of sport. It examines the changing role of sport in society and analyses topics such as representations of sport in the media and violence in sport.

Doping and Anti-Doping Policy in Sport

Ethical, Legal and Social Perspectives

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Author: Mike McNamee,Verner Møller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136661077

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 1823

The issue of doping has been the most widely discussed problem in sports ethics and is one of the most prominent issues across sports studies, the sports sciences and their constituent disciplines. This book adds uniquely to that catalogue of discourses by focusing on extant anti-doping policy and doping practices from a range of multi-disciplinary perspectives (specifically ethical, legal, and social scientific). With contributions from a world-class team of scholars and legal practitioners from the UK, Europe and North America, the book explores key contemporary issues such as: sports medicine international doping policy the whereabouts system the criminalization of doping privacy rights, gene doping and ethics imperfection in doping test procedures steroid use in the general population. Doping and Anti-Doping Policy in Sport offers an important critique of contemporary anti-doping policy and is essential reading for any advanced student, researcher or policy maker with an interest in this vital issue.

Myths and Milestones in the History of Sport

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Author: S. Wagg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230320813

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 9965

The conventional history of sport, as conveyed by television and the sports press, has thrown up a great many apparent turning points, but knowledge of these apparently defining moments is often slight. This book offers readable, in-depth studies of a series of these watersheds in sport history and of the circumstances in which they came about.

Discourses of Olympism

From the Sorbonne 1894 to London 2012

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Author: D. Chatziefstathiou,I. Henry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035560

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 305

View: 6834

This book evaluates the moral project of Olympism, analzying the changing value positions adopted in relation to the ideology of Olympism across the period from the 1890s to the present day. The book also analyzes discourses of Olympism concerned with youth, governance, sport for development and international relations.