A First Course in Calculus

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Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985328

Category: Mathematics

Page: 731

View: 3723

This fifth edition of Lang's book covers all the topics traditionally taught in the first-year calculus sequence. Divided into five parts, each section of A FIRST COURSE IN CALCULUS contains examples and applications relating to the topic covered. In addition, the rear of the book contains detailed solutions to a large number of the exercises, allowing them to be used as worked-out examples -- one of the main improvements over previous editions.

Short Calculus

The Original Edition of “A First Course in Calculus”

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Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461300770

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 8699

From the reviews "This is a reprint of the original edition of Lang’s ‘A First Course in Calculus’, which was first published in 1964....The treatment is ‘as rigorous as any mathematician would wish it’....[The exercises] are refreshingly simply stated, without any extraneous verbiage, and at times quite challenging....There are answers to all the exercises set and some supplementary problems on each topic to tax even the most able." --Mathematical Gazette

A First Course in Differential Equations

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Author: J. David Logan,John David Logan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387259635

Category: Mathematics

Page: 289

View: 4005

This text is designed for the standard post-calculus course in elementary differential equations. It is a brief one-semester treatment of the basic ideas, models, and solution methods. It emphasizes graphical, analytical, and numerical approaches and is written with clear language in a user-friendly format. It provides students with the tools to continue on to the next level in applying differential equations to problems in engineering, science, and applied mathematics. Many exercises are provided, in addition to examples from engineering, ecology, physics, economics, and other areas. An expanded section on the required linear algebra is provided, and an appendix contains templates of Maple and MATLAB commands and programs that are useful in differential equations.

A First Course in Analysis

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Author: George Pedrick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 279

View: 625

This text on advanced calculus discusses such topics as number systems, the extreme value problem, continuous functions, differentiation, integration and infinite series. The reader will find the focus of attention shifted from the learning and applying of computational techniques to careful reasoning from hypothesis to conclusion. The book is intended both for a terminal course and as preparation for more advanced studies in mathematics, science, engineering and computation.

Undergraduate Analysis

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Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475718012

Category: Mathematics

Page: 546

View: 9448

The present volume is a text designed for a first course in analysis. Although it is logically self-contained, it presupposes the mathematical maturity acquired by students who will ordinarily have had two years of calculus. When used in this context, most of the first part can be omitted, or reviewed extremely rapidly, or left to the students to read by themselves. The course can proceed immediately into Part Two after covering Chapters o and 1. However, the techniques of Part One are precisely those which are not emphasized in elementary calculus courses, since they are regarded as too sophisticated. The context of a third-year course is the first time that they are given proper emphasis, and thus it is important that Part One be thoroughly mastered. Emphasis has shifted from computational aspects of calculus to theoretical aspects: proofs for theorems concerning continuous 2 functions; sketching curves like x e-X, x log x, xlix which are usually regarded as too difficult for the more elementary courses; and other similar matters.

A First Course in Mathematical Analysis

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Author: David Alexander Brannan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458957

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9029

Mathematical Analysis (often called Advanced Calculus) is generally found by students to be one of their hardest courses in Mathematics. This text uses the so-called sequential approach to continuity, differentiability and integration to make it easier to understand the subject.Topics that are generally glossed over in the standard Calculus courses are given careful study here. For example, what exactly is a 'continuous' function? And how exactly can one give a careful definition of 'integral'? The latter question is often one of the mysterious points in a Calculus course - and it is quite difficult to give a rigorous treatment of integration! The text has a large number of diagrams and helpful margin notes; and uses many graded examples and exercises, often with complete solutions, to guide students through the tricky points. It is suitable for self-study or use in parallel with a standard university course on the subject.

A First Course in Real Analysis

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Author: M.H. Protter,C.B. Jr. Morrey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461599903

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

View: 3348

The first course in analysis which follows elementary calculus is a critical one for students who are seriously interested in mathematics. Traditional advanced calculus was precisely what its name indicates-a course with topics in calculus emphasizing problem solving rather than theory. As a result students were often given a misleading impression of what mathematics is all about; on the other hand the current approach, with its emphasis on theory, gives the student insight in the fundamentals of analysis. In A First Course in Real Analysis we present a theoretical basis of analysis which is suitable for students who have just completed a course in elementary calculus. Since the sixteen chapters contain more than enough analysis for a one year course, the instructor teaching a one or two quarter or a one semester junior level course should easily find those topics which he or she thinks students should have. The first Chapter, on the real number system, serves two purposes. Because most students entering this course have had no experience in devising proofs of theorems, it provides an opportunity to develop facility in theorem proving. Although the elementary processes of numbers are familiar to most students, greater understanding of these processes is acquired by those who work the problems in Chapter 1. As a second purpose, we provide, for those instructors who wish to give a comprehen sive course in analysis, a fairly complete treatment of the real number system including a section on mathematical induction.

Calculus of Several Variables

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Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461210682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 9853

This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

A First Course in Real Analysis

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Author: Sterling K. Berberian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441985484

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 5887

Mathematics is the music of science, and real analysis is the Bach of mathematics. There are many other foolish things I could say about the subject of this book, but the foregoing will give the reader an idea of where my heart lies. The present book was written to support a first course in real analysis, normally taken after a year of elementary calculus. Real analysis is, roughly speaking, the modern setting for Calculus, "real" alluding to the field of real numbers that underlies it all. At center stage are functions, defined and taking values in sets of real numbers or in sets (the plane, 3-space, etc.) readily derived from the real numbers; a first course in real analysis traditionally places the emphasis on real-valued functions defined on sets of real numbers. The agenda for the course: (1) start with the axioms for the field ofreal numbers, (2) build, in one semester and with appropriate rigor, the foun dations of calculus (including the "Fundamental Theorem"), and, along the way, (3) develop those skills and attitudes that enable us to continue learning mathematics on our own. Three decades of experience with the exercise have not diminished my astonishment that it can be done.

Proofs and Fundamentals

A First Course in Abstract Mathematics

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Author: Ethan D. Bloch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441971272

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

View: 7594

“Proofs and Fundamentals: A First Course in Abstract Mathematics” 2nd edition is designed as a "transition" course to introduce undergraduates to the writing of rigorous mathematical proofs, and to such fundamental mathematical ideas as sets, functions, relations, and cardinality. The text serves as a bridge between computational courses such as calculus, and more theoretical, proofs-oriented courses such as linear algebra, abstract algebra and real analysis. This 3-part work carefully balances Proofs, Fundamentals, and Extras. Part 1 presents logic and basic proof techniques; Part 2 thoroughly covers fundamental material such as sets, functions and relations; and Part 3 introduces a variety of extra topics such as groups, combinatorics and sequences. A gentle, friendly style is used, in which motivation and informal discussion play a key role, and yet high standards in rigor and in writing are never compromised. New to the second edition: 1) A new section about the foundations of set theory has been added at the end of the chapter about sets. This section includes a very informal discussion of the Zermelo– Fraenkel Axioms for set theory. We do not make use of these axioms subsequently in the text, but it is valuable for any mathematician to be aware that an axiomatic basis for set theory exists. Also included in this new section is a slightly expanded discussion of the Axiom of Choice, and new discussion of Zorn's Lemma, which is used later in the text. 2) The chapter about the cardinality of sets has been rearranged and expanded. There is a new section at the start of the chapter that summarizes various properties of the set of natural numbers; these properties play important roles subsequently in the chapter. The sections on induction and recursion have been slightly expanded, and have been relocated to an earlier place in the chapter (following the new section), both because they are more concrete than the material found in the other sections of the chapter, and because ideas from the sections on induction and recursion are used in the other sections. Next comes the section on the cardinality of sets (which was originally the first section of the chapter); this section gained proofs of the Schroeder–Bernstein theorem and the Trichotomy Law for Sets, and lost most of the material about finite and countable sets, which has now been moved to a new section devoted to those two types of sets. The chapter concludes with the section on the cardinality of the number systems. 3) The chapter on the construction of the natural numbers, integers and rational numbers from the Peano Postulates was removed entirely. That material was originally included to provide the needed background about the number systems, particularly for the discussion of the cardinality of sets, but it was always somewhat out of place given the level and scope of this text. The background material about the natural numbers needed for the cardinality of sets has now been summarized in a new section at the start of that chapter, making the chapter both self-contained and more accessible than it previously was. 4) The section on families of sets has been thoroughly revised, with the focus being on families of sets in general, not necessarily thought of as indexed. 5) A new section about the convergence of sequences has been added to the chapter on selected topics. This new section, which treats a topic from real analysis, adds some diversity to the chapter, which had hitherto contained selected topics of only an algebraic or combinatorial nature. 6) A new section called ``You Are the Professor'' has been added to the end of the last chapter. This new section, which includes a number of attempted proofs taken from actual homework exercises submitted by students, offers the reader the opportunity to solidify her facility for writing proofs by critiquing these submissions as if she were the instructor for the course. 7) All known errors have been corrected. 8) Many minor adjustments of wording have been made throughout the text, with the hope of improving the exposition.

Von Fermat bis Minkowski

Eine Vorlesung über Zahlentheorie und ihre Entwicklung

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Author: W. Scharlau,H. Opolka

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642618499

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 8288

Option Valuation

A First Course in Financial Mathematics

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Author: Hugo D. Junghenn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439889112

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 266

View: 7810

Option Valuation: A First Course in Financial Mathematics provides a straightforward introduction to the mathematics and models used in the valuation of financial derivatives. It examines the principles of option pricing in detail via standard binomial and stochastic calculus models. Developing the requisite mathematical background as needed, the text presents an introduction to probability theory and stochastic calculus suitable for undergraduate students in mathematics, economics, and finance. The first nine chapters of the book describe option valuation techniques in discrete time, focusing on the binomial model. The author shows how the binomial model offers a practical method for pricing options using relatively elementary mathematical tools. The binomial model also enables a clear, concrete exposition of fundamental principles of finance, such as arbitrage and hedging, without the distraction of complex mathematical constructs. The remaining chapters illustrate the theory in continuous time, with an emphasis on the more mathematically sophisticated Black-Scholes-Merton model. Largely self-contained, this classroom-tested text offers a sound introduction to applied probability through a mathematical finance perspective. Numerous examples and exercises help students gain expertise with financial calculus methods and increase their general mathematical sophistication. The exercises range from routine applications to spreadsheet projects to the pricing of a variety of complex financial instruments. Hints and solutions to odd-numbered problems are given in an appendix and a full solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.

Angewandte Mathematik: Body and Soul

Band 2: Integrale und Geometrie in IRn

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Author: Kenneth Eriksson,Donald Estep,Claes Johnson

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540269509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 4701

"Angewandte Mathematik: Body & Soul" ist ein neuer Grundkurs in der Mathematikausbildung für Studienanfänger in den Naturwissenschaften, der Technik, und der Mathematik, der an der Chalmers Tekniska Högskola in Göteborg entwickelt wurde. Er besteht aus drei Bänden sowie Computer-Software. Das Projekt ist begründet in der Computerrevolution, die ihrerseits völlig neue Möglichkeiten des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens in der Mathematik, den Naturwissenschaften und im Ingenieurwesen eröffnet hat. Es besteht aus einer Synthese der mathematischen Analysis (Soul) mit der numerischen Berechnung (Body) sowie den Anwendungen. Die Bände I-III geben eine moderne Version der Analysis und der linearen Algebra wieder, einschließlich konstruktiver numerischer Techniken und Anwendungen, zugeschnitten auf Anfängerprogramme im Maschinenbau und den Naturwissenschaften. Weitere Bände behandeln Themen wie z.B. dynamische Systeme, Strömungsdynamik, Festkörpermechanik und Elektromagnetismus. Dieser Band entwickelt das Riemann-Integral, um eine Funktion zu einer gegebenen Ableitung zu bestimmen. Darauf aufbauend werden Differentialgleichungen und Anfangswertprobleme mit einer Vielzahl anschaulicher Anwendungen behandelt. Die lineare Algebra wird auf n-dimensionale Räume verallgemeinert, wobei wiederum dem praktischen Umgang und numerischen Lösungstechniken besonderer Platz eingeräumt wird. Die Autoren sind führende Experten im Gebiet des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens und haben schon mehrere erfolgreiche Bücher geschrieben. "[......] Oh, by the way, I suggest immediate purchase of all three volumes!" The Mathematical Association of America Online, 7.7.04

Differential Equations

A Primer for Scientists and Engineers

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Author: Christian Constanda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461472970

Category: Mathematics

Page: 263

View: 1783

Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers is a book designed with students in mind. It attempts to take a concise, simple, and no-frills approach to differential equations. The approach used in this text is to give students extensive experience in main solution techniques with a lighter emphasis on the physical interpretation of the results. With a more manageable page count than comparable titles, and over 400 exercises that can be solved without a calculating device, this book emphasizes the understanding and practice of essential topics in a succinct fashion. At the end of each worked example, the author provides the Mathematica commands that can be used to check the results and where applicable, to generate graphical representations. It can be used independently by the average student, while those continuing with the subject will develop a fundamental framework with which to pursue more advanced material. This book is designed for undergraduate students with some basic knowledge of precalculus algebra and a first course in calculus.

A First Course in Analysis

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Author: John B. Conway

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107173140

Category: Mathematics

Page: 375

View: 7296

This rigorous textbook is intended for a year-long analysis or advanced calculus course for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. Starting with detailed, slow-paced proofs that allow students to acquire facility in reading and writing proofs, it clearly and concisely explains the basics of differentiation and integration of functions of one and several variables, and covers the theorems of Green, Gauss, and Stokes. Minimal prerequisites are assumed, and relevant linear algebra topics are reviewed right before they are needed, making the material accessible to students from diverse backgrounds. Abstract topics are preceded by concrete examples to facilitate understanding, for example, before introducing differential forms, the text examines low-dimensional examples. The meaning and importance of results are thoroughly discussed, and numerous exercises of varying difficulty give students ample opportunity to test and improve their knowledge of this difficult yet vital subject.

A First Course in Discrete Dynamical Systems

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Author: Richard A. Holmgren

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441987320

Category: Mathematics

Page: 223

View: 7885

Given the ease with which computers can do iteration it is now possible for almost anyone to generate beautiful images whose roots lie in discrete dynamical systems. Images of Mandelbrot and Julia sets abound in publications both mathematical and not. The mathematics behind the pictures are beautiful in their own right and are the subject of this text. Mathematica programs that illustrate the dynamics are included in an appendix.

A first course in real analysis

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Author: Murray H. Protter,Charles Bradfield Morrey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

View: 3375

A First Course in Analysis

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Author: Donald Yau

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814417858

Category: Mathematics

Page: 195

View: 9804

This book is an introductory text on real analysis for undergraduate students. The prerequisite for this book is a solid background in freshman calculus in one variable. The intended audience of this book includes undergraduate mathematics majors and students from other disciplines who use real analysis. Since this book is aimed at students who do not have much prior experience with proofs, the pace is slower in earlier chapters than in later chapters. There are hundreds of exercises, and hints for some of them are included.

A Course in Multivariable Calculus and Analysis

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Author: Sudhir R. Ghorpade,Balmohan V. Limaye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441916210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 475

View: 611

This self-contained textbook gives a thorough exposition of multivariable calculus. The emphasis is on correlating general concepts and results of multivariable calculus with their counterparts in one-variable calculus. Further, the book includes genuine analogues of basic results in one-variable calculus, such as the mean value theorem and the fundamental theorem of calculus. This book is distinguished from others on the subject: it examines topics not typically covered, such as monotonicity, bimonotonicity, and convexity, together with their relation to partial differentiation, cubature rules for approximate evaluation of double integrals, and conditional as well as unconditional convergence of double series and improper double integrals. Each chapter contains detailed proofs of relevant results, along with numerous examples and a wide collection of exercises of varying degrees of difficulty, making the book useful to undergraduate and graduate students alike.

A First Course in the Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics

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Author: D.R. Owen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461395054

Category: Science

Page: 134

View: 1701

Research in the past thirty years on the foundations of thermodynamics has led not only to a better understanding of the early developments of the subject but also to formulations of the First and Second Laws that permit both a rigorous analysis of the consequences of these laws and a substantial broadening of the class of systems to which the laws can fruitfully be applied. Moreover, modem formulations of the laws of thermodynamics have now achieved logically parallel forms at a level accessible to under graduate students in science and engineering who have completed the standard calculus sequence and who wish to understand the role which mathematics can play in scientific inquiry. My goal in writing this book is to make some of the modem develop ments in thermodyamics available to readers with the background and orientation just mentioned and to present this material in the form of a text suitable for a one-semester junior-level course. Most of this presentation is taken from notes that I assembled while teaching such a course on two occasions. I found that, aside from a brief review of line integrals and exact differentials in two dimensions and a short discussion of infima and suprema of sets of real numbers, juniors (and even some mature sophomores) had sufficient mathematical background to handle the subject matter. Many of the students whom I taught had very limited experience with formal and rigorous mathematical exposition.