Introduction to Information Retrieval

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Author: Christopher D. Manning,Prabhakar Raghavan,Hinrich Schütze

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139472100

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 7585

Class-tested and coherent, this textbook teaches classical and web information retrieval, including web search and the related areas of text classification and text clustering from basic concepts. It gives an up-to-date treatment of all aspects of the design and implementation of systems for gathering, indexing, and searching documents; methods for evaluating systems; and an introduction to the use of machine learning methods on text collections. All the important ideas are explained using examples and figures, making it perfect for introductory courses in information retrieval for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in computer science. Based on feedback from extensive classroom experience, the book has been carefully structured in order to make teaching more natural and effective. Slides and additional exercises (with solutions for lecturers) are also available through the book's supporting website to help course instructors prepare their lectures.

English as a Global Language

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Author: David Crystal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107611806

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 4255

David Crystal's classic English as a Global Language considers the history, present status and future of the English language, focusing on its role as the leading international language. English has been deemed the most 'successful' language ever, with 1500 million speakers internationally, presenting a difficult task to those who wish to investigate it in its entirety. However, Crystal explores the subject in a measured but engaging way, always backing up observations with facts and figures. Written in a detailed and fascinating manner, this is a book written by an expert both for specialists in the subject and for general readers interested in the English language.

The Future of Learning Institutions in a Digital Age

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Author: Cathy N. Davidson,David Theo Goldberg

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262258137

Category: Education

Page: 88

View: 5038

In this report, Cathy Davidson and David Theo Goldberg focus on the potential for shared and interactive learning made possible by the Internet. They argue that the single most important characteristic of the Internet is its capacity for world-wide community and the limitless exchange of ideas. The Internet brings about a way of learning that is not new or revolutionary but is now the norm for today's graduating high school and college classes. It is for this reason that Davidson and Goldberg call on us to examine potential new models of digital learning and rethink our virtually enabled and enhanced learning institutions.This report is available in a free digital edition on the MIT Press website at http://mitpress.mit.edu/9780262513593.John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning

Cybersecurity

What Everyone Needs to Know

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Author: Peter W. Singer,Allan Friedman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199918112

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 3896

An authoritative, single-volume introduction to cybersecurity addresses topics ranging from phishing and electrical-grid takedowns to cybercrime and online freedom, sharing illustrative anecdotes to explain how cyberspace security works and what everyday people can do to protect themselves. Simultaneous.

Encyclopedia of Community

From the Village to the Virtual World

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Author: DAVID LEVINSON,KAREN CHRISTENSEN

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761925988

Category: Communities

Page: 1839

View: 6185

A History of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Adelaide 1876-2012

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Author: Nick Harvey,Jean Fornasiero,Greg McCarthy,Clem Macintyre,Carl Crossin

Publisher: University of Adelaide Press

ISBN: 192206436X

Category: History

Page: 401

View: 4536

The Bachelor of Arts (BA) was the first recognised degree at the University of Adelaide. Although informal classes for some subjects were held at the University between 1873 and 1875, the first official University lecture was a Latin lecture at 10 am on Monday 28 March 1876. This was followed by lectures in Greek, English and Mental Philosophy. By 1878, the first BA student, Thomas Ainslie Caterer, completed his studies for the BA degree and in 1879 became the first graduate of the University of Adelaide. Even though the BA was the first degree it was not until eight years later in 1887 that the Faculty of Arts was inaugurated (after the Faculty of Law in 1884, a Board of Studies in Music in 1885 and the Faculty of Medicine in 1885). Following the creation of a separate science degree in 1882 many scientific subjects were removed from the BA. For the next five years the subjects were Latin, Greek, Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Logic, English, History, and Comparative Philology. Later other subjects such as French, German and Political Economy were added toward the end of the nineteenth century. In 1897 the Elder Conservatorium of Music was created as the first music school of its type in Australia, although at that time it was not part of the Faculty of Arts. In the first 50 years of the University's existence, less than ten BA students graduated each year. At the start of the 21st century this figure had climbed to over 300 BA graduates per year but what is interesting is that by 2010 the number of BA graduates was equalled by the number of graduates from separate named degrees within the Faculty plus 70 Music graduates. In addition, during the first decade of the twenty-first century, there were over 60 coursework postgraduates plus more than 40 research postgraduates graduating each year.

Explaining Creativity

The Science of Human Innovation

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Author: Robert Keith Sawyer

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199737576

Category: Psychology

Page: 555

View: 4825

Explaining Creativity is a comprehensive and authoritative overview of scientific studies on creativity and innovation. Sawyer discusses not only arts like painting and writing, but also science, stage performance, business innovation, and creativity in everyday life. Sawyer's approach is interdisciplinary. In addition to examining psychological studies on creativity, he draws on anthropologists' research on creativity in non-Western cultures, sociologists' research on the situations, contexts, and networks of creative activity, and cognitive neuroscientists' studies of the brain.

Culture - Theory - Disability

Encounters between Disability Studies and Cultural Studies

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Author: Anne Waldschmidt,Hanjo Berressem,Moritz Ingwersen

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839425336

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 5690

Which theoretical and methodological approaches of contemporary cultural criticism resonate within the field of disability studies? What can cultural studies gain by incorporating disability more fully into its toolbox for critical analysis? Culture - Theory - Disability features contributions by leading international cultural disability studies scholars which are complemented with a diverse range of responses from across the humanities spectrum. This essential volume encourages the problematization of disability in connection with critical theories of literary and cultural representation, aesthetics, politics, science and technology, sociology, and philosophy. It includes essays by Lennard J. Davis, Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Dan Goodley, Robert McRuer and Margrit Shildrick.

Culinary Linguistics

The chef's special

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Author: Cornelia Gerhardt,Maximiliane Frobenius,Susanne Ley

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027271712

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 347

View: 9586

Language and food are universal to humankind. Language accomplishes more than a pure exchange of information, and food caters for more than mere subsistence. Both represent crucial sites for socialization, identity construction, and the everyday fabrication and perception of the world as a meaningful, orderly place. This volume on Culinary Linguistics contains an introduction to the study of food and an extensive overview of the literature focusing on its role in interplay with language. It is the only publication fathoming the field of food and food-related studies from a linguistic perspective. The research articles assembled here encompass a number of linguistic fields, ranging from historical and ethnographic approaches to literary studies, the teaching of English as a foreign language, psycholinguistics, and the study of computer-mediated communication, making this volume compulsory reading for anyone interested in genres of food discourse and the linguistic connection between food and culture. Now Open Access as part of the Knowledge Unlatched 2017 Backlist Collection.

Doing Your Research Project

A Guide for First-Time Researchers

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Author: Judith Bell

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335264476

Category: Education

Page: 317

View: 6481

This is the market leading book for anyone doing their research project. Clear, concise and extremely readable, this book provides a practical, step-by-step guide to doing a research project from start to finish. Thoroughly updated but retaining its well-loved style, this 6th edition includes: information on using online surveys; information on online interviewing and using online platforms for observation, e.g. Skype, Google Hangouts; new chapter on the use of social media in small scale research; thoroughly updated chapter on literature searching; revised and additional pedagogy; and a brand new text design. This practical, no-nonsense guide is vital reading for all those embarking on undergraduate or postgraduate study in any discipline, and for professionals in such fields as social science, education and health.

Innovations in Educational Psychology

Perspectives on Learning, Teaching, and Human Development

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg, PhD,David D. Preiss, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826121639

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 7653

"[This book] is solid in its topic coverage and deliveryÖ Readers will glean a multitude of new ideas from the theories and approaches presented in this book, ranging from cultural aspects of teaching to Sternberg's WICS model." --Doody's This book serves as a comprehensive review of the current state-of-the-art in educational psychology and applied cognitive science. The chapter authors, who are all leading researchers in this field, provide reviews of contemporary discoveries related to educational research that are both novel and forward-thinking. The book contains the cutting edge literature on genetics and neuroscience, cognitive science and its relation to critical thinking, reading-related phonological processes, cultural considerations in education, and much more. The research methods and perspectives discussed range from education and psychology, to artificial intelligence and economics, thus offering a breadth of knowledge and insight on the field of educational research. The authors provide numerous tools and models for both routine and non-routine decision-making in educational settings. Both psychologists and researchers in the fields of cognitive, developmental, educational, and cultural psychology will want this book on their bookshelf.

Issues in Materials Development

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Author: Maryam Azarnoosh,Mitra Zeraatpishe,Akram Faravani,Hamid Reza Kargozari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9463004327

Category: Education

Page: 235

View: 6008

Issues in Materials Development provides readers with theoretical foundations and practical aspects of designing materials for EFL/ESL contexts. It starts with discussing some basic and preliminary principles of materials design followed by scrutinizing critical issues in materials development in an objective and systematic way. This ranges from considering learners’ needs, adopting, adapting, selection, and gradation of materials to the specific focus of the book on developing various types of materials for the four language skills, pronunciation, ESP vocabulary, and computer assisted language learning materials. Authenticity of materials to be designed and the inclusion of affective factors to develop motivating materials to engage language learners, in addition to features of materials design at a universal level are other areas to read about. This book finally tries to open new horizons and possible futuristic approaches to improve today’s ELT materials.

Graduate Employability in Context

Theory, Research and Debate

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Author: Michael Tomlinson,Leonard Holmes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137571683

Category: Education

Page: 377

View: 3777

This book explores the highly significant and contested area of graduate employability and employment which is paid so much attention by those in the media and policy-makers. This is driven largely by concerns over the wider economic impact and value of graduates as increasing numbers complete their studies in higher education. At a time when graduates are seen as key to economic success, the critical question remains as to how their employability plays out in a changing labour market. This book brings together innovative approaches and research to present an extensive survey of the field. It provides insight on what is a complex and often elusive social and economic problem, ranging from how graduate employability is constructed as an economic and policy agenda to explorations of how graduates manage the transition from higher education to paid employment and finally to suggest future directions for curricula, policy and research.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language

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Author: David Crystal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521530330

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 499

View: 1030

A second edition, newly revised for the current generation, includes extensive illustrated coverage of world English and Internet English as well as updated statistics, further reading suggestions, and additional reference lists. Simultaneous. (Language)

Britain, France and the Decolonization of Africa

Future Imperfect?

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Author: Andrew W.M. Smith,Chris Jeppesen

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 1911307746

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 3731

Looking at decolonization in the conditional tense, this volume teases out the complex and uncertain ends of British and French empire in Africa during the period of ‘late colonial shift’ after 1945. Rather than view decolonization as an inevitable process, the contributors together explore the crucial historical moments in which change was negotiated, compromises were made, and debates were staged. Three core themes guide the analysis: development, contingency and entanglement. The chapters consider the ways in which decolonization was governed and moderated by concerns about development and profit. A complementary focus on contingency allows deeper consideration of how colonial powers planned for ‘colonial futures’, and how divergent voices greeted the end of empire. Thinking about entanglements likewise stresses both the connections that existed between the British and French empires in Africa, and those that endured beyond the formal transfer of power.

The Olympic Legacy

Social Scientific Explorations

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Author: Alan Tomlinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317379136

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 1649

This comprehensive collection provides an overview of social scientific perspectives on Olympic legacy, using specialist analyses and selected cases to illuminate the recurring anthropological, political, and sociological dimensions of the legacy debate. Drawing upon research conducted on the Beijing, Vancouver, Athens, London and Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games, it identifies the recurrent rhetoric that has characterised the legacy debate, alongside the harsh realities that contradict many legacies and aspirations. Fifteen researchers from six countries contribute a range of critical analytical studies which explore macro-perspectives on the shifting political economy symbolized at Beijing or in an over-reaching Greece, the soft power benefits perceived by the Rio 2016 organizers, the anthropological study of neighbourhood spaces threatened by corporate branding, and the apparatus of surveillance surrounding an Olympic Games. The symbolic importance of the Games is also captured in studies of volunteer motivations, labour and work initiatives, and the introduction of women’s boxing at London 2012. In a comprehensive overview, Alan Tomlinson illuminates the rhetoric of successive Olympic cycles and the rise to prominence of the legacy question in that debate. This book was originally published as a special issue of Contemporary Social Science.

Internet and Emotions

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Author: Tova Benski,Eran Fisher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135055459

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 6679

Nothing seems more far removed from the visceral, bodily experience of emotions than the cold, rational technology of the Internet. But as this collection shows, the internet and emotions intersect in interesting and surprising ways. Internet and Emotions is the fruit of an interdisciplinary collaboration of scholars from the sociology of emotions and communication and media studies. It features theoretical and empirical chapters from international researchers who investigate a wide range of issues concerning the sociology of emotions in the context of new media. The book fills a substantial gap in the social research of digital technology, and examines whether the internet invokes emotional states differently from other media and unmediated situations, how emotions are mobilized and internalized into online practices, and how the social definitions of emotions are changing with the emergence of the internet. It explores a wide range of behaviors and emotions from love to mourning, anger, resentment and sadness. What happens to our emotional life in a mediated, disembodied environment, without the bodily element of physical co-presence to set off emotional exchanges? Are there qualitatively new kinds of emotional exchanges taking place on the internet? These are only some of the questions explored in the chapters of this book, with quite surprising answers.

Advanced Language Practice

English Grammar and Vocabulary

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Author: Michael Vince

Publisher: Macmillan Elt

ISBN: 9780230727069

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 344

View: 5901

This new edition is part of a popular series that provides an in-depth, detailed approach to English grammar and vocabulary. It is a thorough and comprehensive series that ensures students confidence with language through the progressive levels.Clear explanations of structures and examples of use, with an answer keyExtensive written and oral practice Advanced grammar systematically revised and consolidated through a variety of exercises in the CAE and new Proficiency (CPE) exam styles Comp