A Culture of Fact

England, 1550-1720

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Author: Barbara J. Shapiro

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801488498

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 5969

Barbara J. Shapiro traces the surprising genesis of the "fact," a modern concept that, she convincingly demonstrates, originated not in natural science but in legal discourse. She follows the concept's evolution and diffusion across a variety of disciplines in early modern England, examining how the emerging "culture of fact" shaped the epistemological assumptions of each intellectual enterprise.Drawing on an astonishing breadth of research, Shapiro probes the fact's changing identity from an alleged human action to a proven natural or human happening. The crucial first step in this transition occurred in the sixteenth century when English common law established a definition of fact which relied on eyewitnesses and testimony. The concept widened to cover natural as well as human events as a result of developments in news reportage and travel writing. Only then, Shapiro discovers, did scientific philosophy adopt the category "fact." With Francis Bacon advocating more stringent criteria, the witness became a vital component in scientific observation and experimentation. Shapiro also recounts how England's preoccupation with the fact influenced historiography, religion, and literature—which saw the creation of a fact-oriented fictional genre, the novel.

Portuguese Humanism and the Republic of Letters

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Author: Maria Berbara,Karl A. E.. Enenkel

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004217215

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 7899

This volume focuses on the interdisciplinary investigation of Portuguese humanism, especially as a noteworthy player in the international network of early modern scholarship, literature and visual arts.

Sehen und Begreifen

Wahrnehmungstheorien in der frühen Neuzeit

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Author: Dominik Perler,Markus Wild

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110189575

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 6952

It seems to be self-evident that through perception we gain access to the material world. That visual perception takes an important role seems self-evident as well. But what exactly do we see? The objects themselves or just their perceptible properties? How do we manage to see something at all? Are we capable of seeing solely through optical and physiological processes or does viewing something asks for presupposed terms in order to help us to see something as something? These questions, currently discussed at great length within the framework of cognitive and epistemological theory, were already cause for intensive debate in the early modern times. In many aspects, those discussions in the 17th and 18th century laid the groundwork for today s theories: on one hand, they identified the problems with great clarity and on the other, they provided strategies for possible solutions which are still of value today. This volume will provide new access to those debates (from Descartes to Reid) and will present these debates to an audience interested in philosophical questions. The book shows that the early modern times is not just a respectable museum in the history of philosophy, but on the contrary, a very productive and stimulating philosophical epoch which invites further discussion. "

Schreibarbeit

Die alltägliche Wissenspraxis eines Bieler Arztes im 19. Jahrhundert

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Author: Lina Gafner

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161549083

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 416

English summary: How did doctors in the 19th century come to be the indispensible experts that they were before the advent of bacteriology and 'modern medicine'? And what role did paperwork have to play in this? The Bieler doctor and politician Casar Bloesch (1804-1863) left a legacy of 55 medical practice records. Consultations, testimonies, assessments and vaccination charts, but also weather observations and the populace's state of health were all put to paper. Taking these written records, Lina Gafner shows how medical book-keeping fits into the context of political conflicts, professional policy, scientific controversies and bourgeois-male self-conception. For the first time, it becomes clear how medical thought and practice in the 19th century were influenced by the demands of a modern administrative state, and how doctors attained a central place in government and society through their paperwork. German description: Wie wurden Arzte im 19. Jahrhundert, vor der Einfuhrung der Bakteriologie und damit vor dem Beginn der "modernen Medizin", zu unentbehrlichen Experten? Und welche Rolle spielte dabei die arztliche Schreibarbeit? Der Bieler Arzt und Politiker Casar Bloesch (1804-1863) hat 55 Journalbande hinterlassen. Konsultationen, Zeugnisse, Gutachten und Impftabellen, aber auch Beobachtungen des Wetters und des Gesundheitszustands der Bevolkerung sind darin abgelegt. Anhand dieser Schreibformate zeigt Lina Gafner, wie die arztliche Buchfuhrung in den Kontext politischer Konflikte, standespolitischer Interessen, wissenschaftlicher Kontroversen und burgerlich-mannlichen Selbstverstandnisses zu stellen ist. Dadurch wird erstmals deutlich, wie arztliches Denken und arztliche Praxis im 19. Jahrhundert von den Anspruchen des modernen Verwaltungsstaates gepragt wurden und wie sich die Arzte uber ihre Schreibarbeit einen zentralen Platz in Staat und Gesellschaft erarbeiteten.

Künstliche Paradiese

vom Barocktheater zum Filmpalast

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Author: Florian Nelle

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 9783826030413

Category: Exhibitions

Page: 360

View: 1830

Fear, Exclusion and Revolution

Roger Morrice and Britain in the 1680s

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Author: Jason McElligott

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754656821

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 8638

Between the years 1677 and 1691 the puritan minister Roger Morrice compiled an astonishingly detailed record of the day-to-day public affairs in Britain. His 'Entering Book' provides a unique record of late seventeenth-century political and religious hist

True Relations

Reading, Literature, and Evidence in Seventeenth-Century England

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Author: Frances E. Dolan

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812207793

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 6687

In the motley ranks of seventeenth-century print, one often comes upon the title True Relation. Purportedly true relations describe monsters, miracles, disasters, crimes, trials, and apparitions. They also convey discoveries achieved through exploration or experiment. Contemporaries relied on such accounts for access to information even as they distrusted them; scholars today share both their dependency and their doubt. What we take as evidence, Frances E. Dolan argues, often raises more questions than it answers. Although historians have tracked dramatic changes in evidentiary standards and practices in the period, these changes did not solve the problem of how to interpret true relations or ease the reliance on them. The burden remains on readers. Dolan connects early modern debates about textual evidence to recent discussions of the value of seventeenth-century texts as historical evidence. Then as now, she contends, literary techniques of analysis have proven central to staking and assessing truth claims. She addresses the kinds of texts that circulated about three traumatic events—the Gunpowder Plot, witchcraft prosecutions, and the London Fire—and looks at legal depositions, advice literature, and plays as genres of evidence that hover in a space between fact and fiction. Even as doubts linger about their documentary and literary value, scholars rely heavily on them. Confronting and exploring these doubts, Dolan makes a case for owning up to our agency in crafting true relations among the textual fragments that survive.

Crime, Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England

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Author: Garthine Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139435116

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5436

An extended study of gender and crime in early modern England. It considers the ways in which criminal behaviour and perceptions of criminality were informed by ideas about gender and order, and explores their practical consequences for the men and women who were brought before the criminal courts. Dr Walker's innovative approach demonstrates that, contrary to received opinion, the law was often structured so as to make the treatment of women and men before the courts incommensurable. For the first time, early modern criminality is explored in terms of masculinity as well as femininity. Illuminating the interactions between gender and other categories such as class and civil war have implications not merely for the historiography of crime but for the social history of early modern England as a whole. This study therefore goes beyond conventional studies, and challenges hitherto accepted views of social interaction in the period.

A Philosophy of Evidence Law

Justice in the Search for Truth

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Author: H. L. Ho

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199228302

Category: Law

Page: 347

View: 8703

This book examines the legal and moral theory behind the law of evidence and proof, arguing that only by exploring the nature of responsibility in fact-finding can the role and purpose of much of the law be fully understood. Ho argues that the court must not only find the truth to do justice, it must do justice in finding the truth.

Scientific Revolution: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

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Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199809240

Category: History

Page: 28

View: 4815

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of European history and culture between the 14th and 17th centuries. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.

Losing Touch with Nature

Literature and the New Science in Sixteenth-Century England

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Author: Mary Thomas Crane

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421415313

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

View: 4560

During the scientific revolution, the dominant Aristotelian picture of nature, which cohered closely with common sense and ordinary perceptual experience, was completely overthrown. Although we now take for granted the ideas that the earth revolves around the sun and that seemingly solid matter is composed of tiny particles, these concepts seemed equally counterintuitive, anxiety provoking, and at odds with our ancestors’ embodied experience of the world. In Losing Touch with Nature, Mary Thomas Crane examines the complex way that the new science’s threat to intuitive Aristotelian notions of the natural world was treated and reflected in the work of Edmund Spenser, Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare, and other early modern writers. Crane breaks new ground by arguing that sixteenth-century ideas about the universe were actually much more sophisticated, rational, and observation-based than many literary critics have assumed. The earliest stages of the scientific revolution in England were most powerfully experienced as a divergence of intuitive science from official science, causing a schism between embodied human experience of the world and learned explanations of how the world works. This fascinating book traces the growing awareness of that epistemological gap through textbooks and natural philosophy treatises to canonical poetry and plays, presciently registering and exploring the magnitude of the human loss that accompanied the beginnings of modern science.

Codes of Finance

Engineering Derivatives in a Global Bank

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Author: Vincent Antonin Lépinay

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400840465

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5591

The financial industry's invention of complex products such as credit default swaps and other derivatives has been widely blamed for triggering the global financial crisis of 2008. In Codes of Finance, Vincent Antonin Lépinay, a former employee of one of the world’s leading investment banks, takes readers behind the scenes of the equity derivatives business at the bank before the crisis, providing a detailed firsthand account of the creation, marketing, selling, accounting, and management of these financial instruments—and of how they ultimately created havoc inside and outside the bank.

The Shaping of Western Civilization, Volume I

From Antiquity to the Mid-Eighteenth Century

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Author: Michael Burger

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607580

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 646

Michael Burger's goal in this inexpensive overview is to provide a brief, historical narrative of Western civilization. Not only does its length and price separate this text from the competition, but its no-frills, uncluttered format and well-written, one-authored approach make it a valuable asset for every history student. The Shaping of Western Civilization: From Antiquity to the Mid-Eighteenth Century begins with the ancient Near East and ends with the mid-eighteenth century. Unlike other textbooks that pile on dates and facts, Shaping is a more coherent and interpretive presentation. Burger's skills as writer and synthesizer will enable students to obtain the background required to ask meaningful questions of primary sources. In addition to suggestions for further reading, this overview includes over 40 images and 14 maps.

Reading Historical Fiction

The Revenant and Remembered Past

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Author: Kate Mitchell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291540

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 243

View: 5459

This collection examines the intersection of historical recollection, strategies of representation, and reading practices in historical fiction from the eighteenth century to today. In shifting focus to the agency of the reader and taking a long historical view, the collection brings a new perspective to the field of historical representation.

The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World

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Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019854X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 7401

Information is power. For more than five hundred years the success or failure of nations has been determined by a country’s ability to acquire knowledge and technical skill and transform them into strength and prosperity. Leading historian Jeremy Black approaches global history from a distinctive perspective, focusing on the relationship between information and society and demonstrating how the understanding and use of information have been the primary factors in the development and character of the modern age. Black suggests that the West’s ascension was a direct result of its institutions and social practices for acquiring, employing, and retaining information and the technology that was ultimately produced. His cogent and well-reasoned analysis looks at cartography and the hardware of communication, armaments and sea power, mercantilism and imperialism, science and astronomy, as well as bureaucracy and the management of information, linking the history of technology with the history of global power while providing important indicators for the future of our world.

The new Wigmore

a treatise on evidence : evidentiary privileges

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Author: Edward J. Imwinkelried,Richard D. Friedman

Publisher: Aspen Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1673

View: 3003

Zwischen Wissen und Politik

Archäologie und Genealogie frühneuzeitlicher Vergangenheitskonstruktionen

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Author: Frank Bezner,Kirsten Mahlke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: 431

View: 3597

Democratic Communications

Formations, Projects, Possibilities

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Author: James Frederick Hamilton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739118665

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 335

View: 5170

"Democratic Communications is the first book to subject long standing assumptions about alternative media and democratic communications to a cultural and historical examination and critique. Ranging from prophecy in sixteenth century England to the self managed projects of critical literacy and social change of today, this book assesses the historical heritage, present conditions, and future possibilities of today's remade media landscape for democratic communications."--BOOK JACKET.