A Course in Game Theory

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Author: Martin J. Osborne,Ariel Rubinstein

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262150417

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 9669

A Course in Game Theory presents the main ideas of game theory at a level suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates, emphasizing the theory's foundations and interpretations of its basic concepts. The authors provide precise definitions and full proofs of results, sacrificing generalities and limiting the scope of the material in order to do so. The text is organized in four parts: strategic games, extensive games with perfect information, extensive games with imperfect information, and coalitional games. It includes over 100 exercises.

The Politics of the First World War

A Course in Game Theory and International Security

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Author: Scott Wolford

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108426018

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 7981

This analytical history of World War I offers a rigorous yet accessible training in game theory, and a survey of modern political science research.

A Course on Cooperative Game Theory

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Author: Satya R. Chakravarty,Manipushpak Mitra,Palash Sarkar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107058791

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 273

View: 8689

"Deals with real life situations where objectives of the participants are partially cooperative and partially conflicting"--

The Game's Afoot!

Game Theory in Myth and Paradox

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Author: Alexander Mehlmann

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821821210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 159

View: 2980

It all started with von Neumann and Morgenstern half a century ago. Their Theory of Games and Economic Behavior gave birth to a whole new area of mathematics concerned with the formal problems of rational decision as experienced by multiple agents. Now, game theory is all around us, making its way even into regular conversations. In the present book, Mehlmann presents mathematical foundations and concepts illustrated via social quandaries, mock political battles, evolutionary confrontations, economic struggles, and literary conflict. Most of the standard models--the prisoners' dilemma, the arms race, evolution, duels, the game of chicken, etc.--are here. Many non-standard examples are also here: the Legend of Faust, shootouts in the movies, the Madness of Odysseus, to name a few. The author uses familiar formulas, fables, and paradoxes to guide readers through what he calls the ``hall of mirrors of strategic decision-making''. His light-hearted excursion into the world of strategic calculation shows that even deep insights into the nature of strategic thought can be elucidated by games, puzzles, and diversions. Originally written in German and published by Vieweg-Verlag, this AMS edition is a translation tailored for the English-speaking reader. It offers an intriguing look at myths and paradoxes through the lens of game theory, bringing the mathematics into sharper focus at the same time. This book is a must for those who wish to consider game theory from a different perspective: one that embraces science, literature, and real-life conflict. The Game's Afoot! would make an excellent book for an undergraduate course in game theory. It can also be used for independent study or as supplementary course reading. The connections to literature, films and everyday life also make it highly suitable as a text for a challenging course for non-majors. Its refreshing style and amusing combination of game theoretic analysis and cultural issues even make it appealing as recreational reading.

Strategies and Games

Theory and Practice

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Author: Prajit K. Dutta,Prajit K.. Dutta

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262041690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 476

View: 844

Game theory has become increasingly popular among undergraduate aswell as business school students. This text is the first to provideboth a complete theoretical treatment of the subject and a variety ofreal-world applications, primarily in economics, but also in business,political science, and the law. Game theory has become increasingly popular among undergraduate as well as business school students. This text is the first to provide both a complete theoretical treatment of the subject and a variety of real-world applications, primarily in economics, but also in business, political science, and the law. Strategies and Games grew out of Prajit Dutta's experience teaching a course in game theory over the last six years at Columbia University.The book is divided into three parts: Strategic Form Games and Their Applications, Extensive Form Games and Their Applications, and Asymmetric Information Games and Their Applications. The theoretical topics include dominance solutions, Nash equilibrium, backward induction, subgame perfect equilibrium, repeated games, dynamic games, Bayes-Nash equilibrium, mechanism design, auction theory, and signaling. An appendix presents a thorough discussion of single-agent decision theory, as well as the optimization and probability theory required for the course.Every chapter that introduces a new theoretical concept opens with examples and ends with a case study. Case studies include Global Warming and the Internet, Poison Pills, Treasury Bill Auctions, and Final Jeopardy. Each part of the book also contains several chapter-length applications including Bankruptcy Law, the NASDAQ market, OPEC, and the Commons problem. This is also the first text to provide a detailed analysis of dynamic strategic interaction.

Einführung in die Spieltheorie

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Author: Manfred J. Holler,Gerhard Illing

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662068796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 9186

Spieltheoretische Methoden werden heute in allen Bereichen der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften intensiv verwendet. Die Spieltheorie stellt das formale Instrumentarium zur Analyse von Konflikten und Kooperation bereit. Viele neu entwickelte spieltheoretische Konzepte sind bisher jedoch nur in Darstellungen zugänglich (häufig nur anhand der Originalaufsätze), die die Kenntnis fortgeschrittener mathematischer Methoden voraussetzen und damit für Studenten schwer verständlich sind. Die vorliegende Einführung gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über den neuesten Stand der Spieltheorie. Die Darstellung legt den Schwerpunkt auf die Vermittlung der grundlegenden Ideen und der intuitiven Konzepte; das Buch setzt nur solche mathematische Grundkenntnisse voraus, wie sie von Studenten im Hauptstudium mit wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Ausbildung erwartet werden. Anhand von zahlreichen Beispielen wird illustriert, wie sich spieltheoretische Konzepte auf ökonomische Fragestellungen anwenden lassen, und es wird gezeigt, wie spieltheoretische Konzepte neue Einsichten für das Verständnis der Grundlagen ökonomischer Theorie liefern können.

Schelling's Game Theory

How to Make Decisions

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Author: Robert V. Dodge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199857210

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7545

Nobel Prize winner Thomas Schelling taught a course in game theory and rational choice to advanced students and government officials for 45 years. In this book, Robert Dodge provides in language for a broad audience the concepts that Schelling taught. Armed with Schelling's understanding of game theory methods and his approaches to problems, the general reader can improve daily decision making.

An Introductory Course on Mathematical Game Theory

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Author: Julio González-Díaz,Ignacio García-Jurado,M. Gloria Fiestras-Janeiro

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851519

Category: Mathematics

Page: 324

View: 9684

Game theory provides a mathematical setting for analyzing competition and cooperation in interactive situations. The theory has been famously applied in economics, but is relevant in many other sciences, such as political science, biology, and, more recently, computer science. This book presents an introductory and up-to-date course on game theory addressed to mathematicians and economists, and to other scientists having a basic mathematical background. The book is self-contained, providing a formal description of the classic game-theoretic concepts together with rigorous proofs of the main results in the field. The theory is illustrated through abundant examples, applications, and exercises. The style is distinctively concise, while offering motivations and interpretations of the theory to make the book accessible to a wide readership. The basic concepts and results of game theory are given a formal treatment, and the mathematical tools necessary to develop them are carefully presented. Cooperative games are explained in detail, with bargaining and TU-games being treated as part of a general framework. The authors stress the relation between game theory and operations research. The book is suitable for a graduate or an advanced undergraduate course on game theory.

A Course in Networks and Markets

Game-theoretic Models and Reasoning

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Author: Rafael Pass

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262039788

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 7499

A graduate-level, mathematically rigorous introduction to strategic behavior in a networked world. This introductory graduate-level text uses tools from game theory and graph theory to examine the role of network structures and network effects in economic and information markets. The goal is for students to develop an intuitive and mathematically rigorous understanding of how strategic agents interact in a connected world. The text synthesizes some of the central results in the field while also simplifying their treatment to make them more accessible to nonexperts. Thus, students at the introductory level will gain an understanding of key ideas in the field that are usually only taught at the advanced graduate level. The book introduces basic concepts from game theory and graph theory as well as some fundamental algorithms for exploring graphs. These tools are then applied to analyze strategic interactions over social networks, to explore different types of markets and mechanisms for networks, and to study the role of beliefs and higher-level beliefs (beliefs about beliefs). Specific topics discussed include coordination and contagion on social networks, traffic networks, matchings and matching markets, exchange networks, auctions, voting, web search, models of belief and knowledge, and how beliefs affect auctions and markets. An appendix offers a “Primer on Probability.” Mathematically rigorous, the text assumes a level of mathematical maturity (comfort with definitions and proofs) in the reader.

Playing for Real

A Text on Game Theory

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Author: Ken Binmore

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198041146

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 656

View: 6724

Ken Binmore's previous game theory textbook, Fun and Games (D.C. Heath, 1991), carved out a significant niche in the advanced undergraduate market; it was intellectually serious and more up-to-date than its competitors, but also accessibly written. Its central thesis was that game theory allows us to understand many kinds of interactions between people, a point that Binmore amply demonstrated through a rich range of examples and applications. This replacement for the now out-of-date 1991 textbook retains the entertaining examples, but changes the organization to match how game theory courses are actually taught, making Playing for Real a more versatile text that almost all possible course designs will find easier to use, with less jumping about than before. In addition, the problem sections, already used as a reference by many teachers, have become even more clever and varied, without becoming too technical. Playing for Real will sell into advanced undergraduate courses in game theory, primarily those in economics, but also courses in the social sciences, and serve as a reference for economists.

Economics and Language

Five Essays

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Author: Ariel Rubinstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521789905

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 1289

A challenging and accessible analysis of the relationship between economics and language.

Spieltheorie für Einsteiger

strategisches Know-how für Gewinner

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Author: Avinash K. Dixit,Barry J. Nalebuff

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783791012391

Category:

Page: 371

View: 1053

Game Theory

Introduction and Applications

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Author: Graham Romp

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198775024

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 284

View: 4921

Covering all the essential topics for undergraduate courses, this is the ideal student introduction to game theory. The book sets out the basics of the subject in a non-technical way. All discussion and explanation is clear, well structured, and entirely accessible to students of both economics and business. In addition to describing and explaining the basic theory, Game Theory uses illustrations and examples to show its application to realistic, topical, and interesting problems-ranging from strategic decision-making within companies to international environmental policy-making. The book also features exercises with accompanying solutions to allow the student to check progress throughout the course, and a guide to further reading at the end of each chapter.

Reinventing Organizations

Ein Leitfaden zur Gestaltung sinnstiftender Formen der Zusammenarbeit

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Author: Frederic Laloux

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800649144

Category: Fiction

Page: 356

View: 618

Bahnbrechend. Inspirierend. Eines der faszinierendsten Bücher zur Organisationsentwicklung des letzten Jahrzehnts. Dies ist ein sehr wichtiges Buch, bedeutsam in vielerlei Hinsicht: Sowohl angesichts der bahnbrechenden Forschungsergebnisse, Einsichten, Ratschläge und Empfehlungen, die es enthält, als auch aufgrund der genauso wichtigen Fragen und Herausforderungen, auf die es hinweist.“ Ken Wilber aus dem Nachwort „Die programmatische Aufforderung ‚Reinventing Organizations‘ mündet in einem Organisationsmodell, das Strukturen wie Praktiken nach neuartigen, evolutionär-integralen Prinzipien ausrichtet. Im Ergebnis steht die Erkenntnis, dass das Leben und Arbeiten in Organisationen, ebenso wie deren Leistungsbeiträge für die Gesellschaft, radikal zum Positiven verändert werden können. Aber hierzu muss nicht zuletzt die Führung eine fortgeschrittene Entwicklungsebene erreichen.“ Prof. Dr. Jürgen Weibler, Autor des Standardwerkes „Personalführung“ „Das Buch gibt Hoffnung und ganz konkrete Hilfe zur Lösung der Probleme, die wir an der Schwelle von der Postmoderne zu einem neuen Zeitalter erleben, in denen die traditionellen oder modernen Organisationsformen den Anforderungen und Bedürfnissen der Menschen nicht mehr gerecht werden.“ Eine Leserin auf Amazon.com Frederic Laloux hat mit Reinventing Organizations das Grundlagenbuch für die integrale Organisationsentwicklung verfasst. Die Breite sowie Tiefe seiner Analyse und Beschreibung – ganzheitlich, selbstorganisierend und sinnerfüllend operierender Unternehmen – ist einzigartig. Das erste Kapitel des Buches gibt einen Überblick über die historische Entwicklung von Organisationsparadigmen, bevor im zweiten Kapitel Strukturen, die Praxis und die Kultur von Organisationen, die ein erfüllendes und selbstbestimmtes Handeln der Menschen ermöglichen, anhand von ausgewählten Beispielen vorgestellt werden. Auf die Bedingungen, Hindernisse sowie Herausforderungen bei der Entwicklung dieser evolutionären Organisationen wird in Kapitel 3 eingegangen. Hier entwirft Frederic Laloux einen Leitfaden für den Weg hin zu einer ganzheitlich orientierten und sinnstiftenden Organisation. Frederic Laloux ist auch aufgrund dieses Buches ein mittlerweile gefragter Berater und Coach für Führungskräfte, die nach fundamental neuen Wegen der Organisation eines Unternehmens suchen. Er war Associate Partner bei McKinsey & Company und hält einen MBA vom INSEAD.

Ad Hoc Networks Telecommunications and Game Theory

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Author: Malek Benslama,Mohamed Lamine Boucenna,Hadj Batatia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111908900X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 166

View: 9435

Random SALOHA and CSMA protocols that are used to access MAC in ad hoc networks are very small compared to the multiple and spontaneous use of the transmission channel. So they have low immunity to the problems of packet collisions. Indeed, the transmission time is the critical factor in the operation of such networks. The simulations demonstrate the positive impact of erasure codes on the throughput of the transmission in ad hoc networks. However, the network still suffers from the intermittency and volatility of its efficiency throughout its operation, and it switches quickly to the saturation zone. In this context, game theory has demonstrated his ability to lead the network to a more efficient equilibrium. This, we were led to propose our model code set that formalizes the behavior of nodes during transmission within SALOHA networks and CSMA respectively.

Globale Analysis

Differentialformen in Analysis, Geometrie und Physik

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Author: Ilka Agricola,Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322929035

Category: Mathematics

Page: 283

View: 6780

Das Anliegen des Buches ist es, die klassische Vektoranalysis unter Verwendung der Differentialformen darzulegen. Anwendungen der allgemeinen Stokeschen Formel in Analysis, Geometrie und Topologie werden besprochen. In weiteren Teilen des Buches werden die Integrierbarkeit Pfaffscher Systeme, die Flächentheorie in Euklidischen Räumen sowie Elemente der Lie-Gruppen, Mechanik, Thermodynamik und Elektrodynamik unter Verwendung der Differentialformen behandelt.

Glück, Logik und Bluff

Mathematik in Spiel — Methoden, Ergebnisse und Grenzen

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Author: Jörg Bewersdorff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663108139

Category: Mathematics

Page: 357

View: 803

Glück, Logik und Bluff - drei Begriffe, die abhängig vom Charakter eines Gesellschaftsspieles Wege zum Gewinn weisen. Eng damit verbunden sind drei mathematische Theorien: Die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechung erlaubt es, die Gewinnchancen in Glücksspielen zu kalkulieren. Von Algorithmen, wie sie auch Schachcomputern zugrundeliegen, handelt die Theorie der kombinatorischen Spiele. Ganz andere Optimierungsansätze, nämlich solche aus der mathematischen Spieltheorie, sind gefragt, wenn Mitspieler wie bei Kartenspielen unterschiedliche Informationsstände über den erreichten Spielstand haben. Anhand vielfältiger (Bei-) Spiele werden Teile der drei Theorien vorgestellt.

Game Theory

Mathematical Models of Conflict

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Author: A. J. Jones

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857099698

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 1976

Written engagingly and with agreeable humour, this book balances a light touch with a rigorous yet economical account of the theory of games and bargaining models. It provides a precise interpretation, discussion and mathematical analysis for a wide range of “game-like problems in economics, sociology, strategic studies and war. There is first an informal introduction to game theory, which can be understood by non-mathematicians, which covers the basic ideas of extensive form, pure and mixed strategies and the minimax theorem. The general theory of non-cooperative games is then given a detailed mathematical treatment in the second chapter. Next follows a “first class account of linear programming, theory and practice, terse, rigorous and readable, which is applied as a tool to matrix games and economics from duality theory via the equilibrium theorem, with detailed explanations of computational aspects of the simplex algorithm. The remaining chapters give an unusually comprehensive but concise treatment of cooperative games, an original account of bargaining models, with a skillfully guided tour through the Shapley and Nash solutions for bimatrix games and a carefully illustrated account of finding the best threat strategies. Balances a light touch with a rigorous yet economical account of the theory of games and bargaining models Shows basic ideas of extensive form, pure and mixed strategies, the minimax theorem, non-cooperative and co-operative games, and a ‘‘first class’’ account of linear programming, theory and practice Based on a series of lectures given by the author in the theory of games at Royal Holloway College

Salz. Fett. Säure. Hitze

Die vier Elemente guten Kochens.

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Author: Samin Nosrat

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956142829

Category: Cooking

Page: 472

View: 9667

Samin Nosrat verdichtet ihre reiche Erfahrung als Köchin und Kochlehrerin zu einem so einfachen wie revolutionären Ansatz. Es geht dabei um die vier zentralen Grundlagen guten Kochens: Salz, Fett, Säure und Hitze. Salz – das die Aromen vertieft. Fett – das sie trägt und attraktive Konsistenzen ermöglicht. Säure – die alle Aromen ausbalanciert. Und Hitze – die die Konsistenz eines Gerichts letztendlich bestimmt. Wer mit diesen vier Elementen souverän umgeht, kann exzellent kochen, ohne sich an Rezepte klammern zu müssen. Voller profundem Wissen, aber mit leichter Hand und gewinnendem Ton führt Nosrat in alle theoretischen und praktischen Aspekte guten Kochens ein, vermittelt Grundlagen und Küchenchemie und verrät jede Menge inspirierender Tipps und Tricks. In über 100 unkomplizierten Rezepten wird das Wissen vertieft und erprobt: frische Salate, perfekt gewürzte Saucen, intensiv schmeckende Gemüsegerichte, die besten Pastas, 13 Huhn-Varianten, zartes Fleisch, köstliche Kuchen und Desserts. Samin Nosrats Rezepte ermuntern zum Ausprobieren und zum Improvisieren. Angereichert mit appetitanregenden Illustrationen und informativen Grafiken ist dieses Buch ein unverzichtbarer Küchenkompass, der Anfänger genauso glücklich macht wie geübte Köche.