A Certain Ambiguity

A Mathematical Novel

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Author: Gaurav Suri,Hartosh Singh Bal

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400834778

Category: Fiction

Page: 296

View: 5311

While taking a class on infinity at Stanford in the late 1980s, Ravi Kapoor discovers that he is confronting the same mathematical and philosophical dilemmas that his mathematician grandfather had faced many decades earlier--and that had landed him in jail. Charged under an obscure blasphemy law in a small New Jersey town in 1919, Vijay Sahni is challenged by a skeptical judge to defend his belief that the certainty of mathematics can be extended to all human knowledge--including religion. Together, the two men discover the power--and the fallibility--of what has long been considered the pinnacle of human certainty, Euclidean geometry. As grandfather and grandson struggle with the question of whether there can ever be absolute certainty in mathematics or life, they are forced to reconsider their fundamental beliefs and choices. Their stories hinge on their explorations of parallel developments in the study of geometry and infinity--and the mathematics throughout is as rigorous and fascinating as the narrative and characters are compelling and complex. Moving and enlightening, A Certain Ambiguity is a story about what it means to face the extent--and the limits--of human knowledge.

A Certain Idea of France

The Life of Charles de Gaulle

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Author: Julian Jackson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 1846143527

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 928

View: 8415

A SUNDAY TIMES, THE TIMES, DAILY TELEGRAPH, NEW STATESMAN, SPECTATOR, FINANCIAL TIMES, TLS BOOK OF THE YEAR 'Masterly ... awesome reading ... an outstanding biography' Max Hastings, Sunday Times The definitive biography of the greatest French statesman of modern times In six weeks in the early summer of 1940, France was over-run by German troops and quickly surrendered. The French government of Marshal Pétain sued for peace and signed an armistice. One little-known junior French general, refusing to accept defeat, made his way to England. On 18 June he spoke to his compatriots over the BBC, urging them to rally to him in London. 'Whatever happens, the flame of French resistance must not be extinguished and will not be extinguished.' At that moment, Charles de Gaulle entered into history. For the rest of the war, de Gaulle frequently bit the hand that fed him. He insisted on being treated as the true embodiment of France, and quarrelled violently with Churchill and Roosevelt. He was prickly, stubborn, aloof and self-contained. But through sheer force of personality and bloody-mindedness he managed to have France recognised as one of the victorious Allies, occupying its own zone in defeated Germany. For ten years after 1958 he was President of France's Fifth Republic, which he created and which endures to this day. His pursuit of 'a certain idea of France' challenged American hegemony, took France out of NATO and twice vetoed British entry into the European Community. His controversial decolonization of Algeria brought France to the brink of civil war and provoked several assassination attempts. Julian Jackson's magnificent biography reveals this the life of this titanic figure as never before. It draws on a vast range of published and unpublished memoirs and documents - including the recently opened de Gaulle archives - to show how de Gaulle achieved so much during the War when his resources were so astonishingly few, and how, as President, he put a medium-rank power at the centre of world affairs. No previous biography has depicted his paradoxes so vividly. Much of French politics since his death has been about his legacy, and he remains by far the greatest French leader since Napoleon.

Human Value

A Study in Ancient Philosophical Ethics

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Author: John M. Rist

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004067578

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 9949

The Blind Spot

Science and the Crisis of Uncertainty

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Author: William Byers

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838158

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 5119

In today's unpredictable and chaotic world, we look to science to provide certainty and answers--and often blame it when things go wrong. The Blind Spot reveals why our faith in scientific certainty is a dangerous illusion, and how only by embracing science's inherent ambiguities and paradoxes can we truly appreciate its beauty and harness its potential. Crackling with insights into our most perplexing contemporary dilemmas, from climate change to the global financial meltdown, this book challenges our most sacredly held beliefs about science, technology, and progress. At the same time, it shows how the secret to better science can be found where we least expect it--in the uncertain, the ambiguous, and the inevitably unpredictable. William Byers explains why the subjective element in scientific inquiry is in fact what makes it so dynamic, and deftly balances the need for certainty and rigor in science with the equally important need for creativity, freedom, and downright wonder. Drawing on an array of fascinating examples--from Wall Street's overreliance on algorithms to provide certainty in uncertain markets, to undecidable problems in mathematics and computer science, to Georg Cantor's paradoxical but true assertion about infinity--Byers demonstrates how we can and must learn from the existence of blind spots in our scientific and mathematical understanding. The Blind Spot offers an entirely new way of thinking about science, one that highlights its strengths and limitations, its unrealized promise, and, above all, its unavoidable ambiguity. It also points to a more sophisticated approach to the most intractable problems of our time.

GPS Satellite Surveying

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Author: Alfred Leick,Lev Rapoport,Dmitry Tatarnikov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119018285

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 840

View: 9972

Employ the latest satellite positioning tech with this extensiveguide GPS Satellite Surveying is the classic text on thesubject, providing the most comprehensive coverage of globalnavigation satellite systems applications for surveying. Fullyupdated and expanded to reflect the field's latest developments,this new edition contains new information on GNSS antennas, PrecisePoint Positioning, Real-time Relative Positioning, LatticeReduction, and much more. New contributors offer additional insightthat greatly expands the book's reach, providing readers withcomplete, in-depth coverage of geodetic surveying using satellitetechnologies. The newest, most cutting-edge tools, technologies,and applications are explored in-depth to help readers stay up todate on best practices and preferred methods, giving them theunderstanding they need to consistently produce more reliablemeasurement. Global navigation satellite systems have an array of uses inmilitary, civilian, and commercial applications. In surveying, GNSSreceivers are used to position survey markers, buildings, and roadconstruction as accurately as possible with less room for humanerror. GPS Satellite Surveying provides complete guidancetoward the practical aspects of the field, helping readers to: Get up to speed on the latest GPS/GNSS developments Understand how satellite technology is applied tosurveying Examine in-depth information on adjustments and geodesy Learn the fundamentals of positioning, lattice adjustment,antennas, and more The surveying field has seen quite an evolution of technology inthe decade since the last edition's publication. This new editioncovers it all, bringing the reader deep inside the latest tools andtechniques being used on the job. Surveyors, engineers, geologists,and anyone looking to employ satellite positioning will find GPSSatellite Surveying to be of significant assistance.

Erotik, aus dem Dreck gezogen

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Author: Johan H. Winkelman,Gerhard Wolf

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042019522

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 330

View: 6872

Immanuel Kant: Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre

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Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050050373

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 5250

Immanuel Kants „Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Rechtslehre“, 1797 als erster Teil der „Metaphysik der Sitten“ erschienen, stellen einen Beitrag zur neuzeitlichen Rechts- und Staatsphilosophie dar. Hinsichtlich der normativen Prinzipien von Recht und Staat entwickelt Kant eine erfahrungsunabhängige, insofern metaphysische Theorie. Sie beginnt mit einem angeborenen und unveräußerlichen Menschenrecht und geht dann zu den Institutionen des Eigentums und des Rechtsstaates über. Besonders aktuell ist die Formulierung eines rechts- und friedensfunktionalen Völkerrechts und eines Weltbürgerrechts. Darüber hinaus behandelt Kant auch das Ehe und Familienrecht, das Verhältnis von Staat und Kirche und das Straf- und Begnadigungsrecht. Durch den thematischen Reichtum und die begriffliche Genauigkeit, vor allem jedoch durch die Radikalität seiner Fragen und die Originalität der Antworten ist Kants Rechtsdenken bis heute von hohem systematischem Rang. Die elf Beiträger dieses kooperativen Kommentars nehmen die bleibend gültigen Provokationen der „Metaphysischen Anfangsgründe“ ernst.

Auf den Spuren der schriftgelehrten Weisen

Festschrift für Johannes Marböck anlässlich seiner Emeritierung

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Author: Irmtraud Fischer,Ursula Rapp,Johannes Schiller

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110178890

Category: Religion

Page: 410

View: 4193

Der Sammelband anlässlich der Emeritierung von Johannes Marböck, Professor am Institut für Alttestamentliche Bibelwissenschaft der Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, ist dem wichtigsten Arbeitsfeld des Geehrten gewidmet: der Weisheitsliteratur des Alten Testaments. In den zahlreichen Beiträgen namhafter Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler wird dieses Thema aus höchst unterschiedlichen Perspektiven immer neu in den Blick genommen.

Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik

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Author: Otfried Höffe

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3050050233

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 500

Wer auch immer sich für eine Theorie moralischer bzw. humaner Praxis interessiert, findet in der "Nikomachischen Ethik" des Aristoteles eines der wenigen bis heute einschlägigen Grundmodelle. Im Mittelpunkt der ebenso nüchternen wie umsichtigen Analyse stehen u. a. die Begriffe Glück, Tugend, Entscheidung, Klugheit, Unbeherrschtheit, Lust und Freundschaft. Die Aristotelischen Ausführungen sind keineswegs nur von historischem Interesse, sondern üben auch auf die ethische Debatte der Gegenwart entscheidenden Einfluß aus. Die 13 Beiträge dieses Bandes legen in Form eines kooperativen Kommentars, dem Aufbau des Klassikerwerkes folgend, die Grundlagen der Aristotelischen Untersuchung ebenso dar wie den modernen Hintergrund ihrer Rezeption.

The Lumière Galaxy

Seven Key Words for the Cinema to Come

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Author: Francesco Casetti

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538871

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 304

View: 7941

Francesco Casetti believes new media technologies are producing an exciting new era in cinema aesthetics. Whether we experience film in the theater, on our hand-held devices, in galleries and museums, onboard and in flight, or up in the clouds in the bits we download, cinema continues to alter our habits and excite our imaginations. Casetti travels from the remote corners of film history and theory to the most surprising sites on the internet and in our cities to prove the ongoing relevance of cinema. He does away with traditional notions of canon, repetition, apparatus, and spectatorship in favor of new keywords, including expansion, relocation, assemblage, and performance. The result is an innovative understanding of cinema's place in our lives and culture, along with a critical sea-change in the study of the art. The more the nature of cinema transforms, the more it discovers its own identity, and Casetti helps readers realize the galaxy of possibilities embedded in the medium.

Ethics

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Author: C.D. Broad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400950578

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 4253

This volume contains C. D. Broad's Cambridge lectures on Ethics. Broad gave a course of lectures on the subject, intended primarily for Part I of the Moral Sciences Tripos, every academic year from 1933 - 34 up to and in cluding 1952 - 53 (except that he did not lecture on Ethics in 1935 - 36). The course however was frequently revised, and the present version is es sentially that which he gave in 1952 - 53. Broad always wrote out his lectures fully beforehand, and the manuscript on Ethics, although full of revisions, is in a reasonably good state. But his handwriting is small and close and in places difficult to decipher. I therefore fear that some words may have been misread. There was an additional complication. In the summer of 1953 Broad revised and enlarged two sections of the course, namely the section on "Moore's theory" and that on "Naturalistic theories" (both sections occur in Chapter 4). The revised version of the section on Moore is undoubtedly superior to the earlier version, and I have therefore included it. But in my opinion this is not true of the new version of the section on naturalistic theories: although more comprehensive than the earlier version, it is not only repetitive in itself, but also repeats, sometimes almost verbatim, passages which occur elsewhere in the lectures. In brief, the new version is not fully integrated with the rest of the course.

Maimonides' Political Thought

Studies in Ethics, Law, and the Human Ideal

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Author: Howard Kreisel

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791441909

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 9365

Examines Maimonides' political thought in light of his medieval Aristotelian and Jewish sources.

Frankly My Dear, I'm Dead

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Author: Livia J. Washburn

Publisher: Kensington Publishing Corp.

ISBN: 0758249160

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 6427

“Gone with the Wind fans will cozy up to this tale” of phony belles, reckless cads, and murder most Southern—first in the Literary Tour Mystery series (Mystery Scene). Fresh from an ugly divorce, feisty Delilah Dickinson has high hopes for her new life and career, opening a literary-tour travel agency in Atlanta. First pick: Georgia’s literary darling and Pulitzer Prize winner Margaret Mitchell. First stop: an old plantation modeled after Tara from Gone with the Wind—complete with an elegant dinner and dance and a company of game actors. But things go south fast. The mustachioed ham playing Rhett Butler is found dead in the garden, the victim of a fatal dose of Southern inhospitality. Before anyone can even think “Where shall I go? What shall I do?” Delilah’s son-in-law becomes a suspect and she takes over the investigation to clear his name. Now, holed up in a mansion with a full cast of characters, it’s up Delilah to find which took on the role of a killer. “In classic Agatha Christie fashion . . . Amusing, breathlessly quick.” —Publishers Weekly

Discourse on Ethics

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Author: Paul O’Hara

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1477153187

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 2219

Paul OHara, the second of five children, was born and educated in Perth, Western Australia. During his formative years his enquiring mind has caused him to focus on the deeper questions of life. His interests include poetry, chess, astronomy and genealogy.

Handbook of Foreign Language Communication and Learning

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Author: Karlfried Knapp,Barbara Seidlhofer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110214245

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 751

View: 4193

This volume focuses on how far the policies, principles and practices of foreign language teaching and learning are, or can be, informed by theoretical considerations and empirical findings from the linguistic disciplines. Part I deals with the nature of foreign language learning in general, while Part II explores issues arising from linguistic, socio-political, cultural and cognitive perspectives. Part III and IV then consider the different factors that have to be taken into account in designing the foreign language subject and the various approaches to pedagogy that have been proposed. Part V finally addresses questions concerning assessment of learner proficiency and the evaluation of courses designed to promote it. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of foreign language communication and learning presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field offers solutions to everyday language-related problems with contributions from renowned experts

The Role of Experience in Science

Proceedings of the 1986 Conference of the Académie International de Philosophie Des Sciences (Bruxelles) Held at the University of Heidelberg

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Author: Academie Internationale de Philosophie

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110113037

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 4375

Records an occasion on which thinkers of uncommon distinction (Patrick Suppes, Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker, Bernard d'Espagnat, Rene Thom, others) came together to discuss a fundamental topic in which each has at least some incidental interest: scientific epistemology. Contains seventeen essays (five in French, the remainder in English) which are highly various in their specific intent. The collection might equally well (and rather less mysteriously) be entitled The role of the apriori in science, for it is the tension between what is (tacitly?) presumed and what is "observed" which lies at the heart of, and unifies, these diverse statements. (NW) Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Political Philosophy 2

The System of Philosophies of History

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Author: Luc Ferry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226244723

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 1650

Because contemporary political philosophy owes a significant debt to the great nineteenth-century German philosophies of history, a sound knowledge of German Idealist philosophy is crucial to an understanding of our own time. In Political Philosophy 2, Luc Ferry provides not only a thorough introduction to German Idealism and its critics, but also an insightful look at contemporary political philosophy. Ferry begins this second volume of his ambitious three-volume Political Philosophy by considering both the structure and the potential political effects of the various philosophies of history born of German Idealism. He focuses on the key question of whether, and to what extent, the principle of reason may be said to govern the totality of the historically real. This leads to an examination of Hegel's criticism of the moral view of the world and to an assessment of the phenomenological criticism of Hegel put forth by Heidegger and Arendt.

A History of Christian Thought Volume II

From Augustine to the Eve of the Reformation

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Author: Justo L. González

Publisher: Abingdon Press

ISBN: 1426721919

Category: Religion

Page: 231

View: 7576

A treatment of the evolution of Christian thought from the birth of Christ, to the Apostles, to the early church, to the great flowering of Christianity across the world. Beginning with Augustine, Volume 2 covers the flowering of Christian thought that characterized both the Latin West and the Byzantine East during the Middle Ages.